International network for natural sciences – research journal
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Valuation of solid benefits of a homestead forestry system in the indus basin, southern Punjab, Pakistan

By: Muhammad Imran Mahmood, Muhammad Zubair

Key Words: Homestead, Agroforestry, Farm power, Commopoliteness, Tangible

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 9(4), 61-72, October 2016.


To evaluate the benefits of homestead forestry system to the farmers, a study was conducted in southern Punjab (Pakistan) with the hypothesis that “Homestead Forestry system has tremendous potential to enhance the economy and livelihood of the area under study”. The results showed that the average farm size, for households was 11.80 ha. The subsistence and economic landholding has a sizes of 5.06 ha and 11.80 ha, respectively. The prices of proceeds produced over the year in homestead forestry of study area were US$330.8. The results showed that 0.25 m3 timber was collected annually per farm out of which 0.07 m3 was consumed and the rest was sold. Average revenue generated by selling homestead timber was US $44.0. Revenue produced in subsistence, economic, and above economic farms were US$20.5, US$80.5, and US$95, respectively. The results showed significant association between cosmopoliteness and agroforestry. Majority (65%) of the NAF was positioned in medium cosmopoliteness category. Agroforestry has positive correlation on the farm income. The comparison of AF versus NAF revealed high farm income to the AF farmers than NAF. The AF farmers with low income (100000) were about 7 (9%) but in NAF they were18 (22%). Similarly, the AF farmers with medium income (100000-200000) were 29 (36%) while in NAF it was 34 (42%). Also the farmers with high farm income were high in case of AF which is 44 (55%) than NAF where it is 38 (47%) indicating strong financial earning to the AF farmers than NAF farmers.


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