International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Soil erosion analysis in bamboo-planted sites using paired catchment approach

By: George R. Puno, Rico A. Marin

Key Words: Regression, Soil Erosion, Bamboo, Catchment, Calibration.

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 11(5), 415-422, November 2017.

Certification: jbes 2017 0136 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The influence of bamboo to deter soil erosion rates has already been widely recognized and accepted. However, analysis of erosion reduction owing to the absence or presence of bamboo in a catchment scale still has yet to be established. This paper examines the variability of soil erosion between two catchments using a paired catchment method. The approach involves two adjacent catchments, one as a control and another as a treatment, which is simultaneously monitored during the calibration and post-calibration or treatment periods. Erosion rates were collected in 2013 to 2015 on a per event basis. Using the analysis of covariance at 5% significance, the study revealed that the erosion mean value within the treated catchment had decreased dramatically by a factor of 6.5 between the calibration and treatment periods. Based on the calibration regression equation using the predicted and observed mean values, an overall 21% reduction in mean erosion was obtained due to the presence of bamboo in the treatment catchment. The findings offer a baseline information on the influence of bamboo to soil erosion using the paired catchment approach although longer observation period is expected to minimize biased estimate of the treatment effects. Nevertheless, the study able to show that the relationship of the considered variable between the control and the treatment catchments has existed. The results suggest that planting of bamboo is as good as best management practice in controlling soil erosion at a catchment-scale particularly in the marginal and sloping landscape.

| Views 20 |

Soil erosion analysis in bamboo-planted sites using paired catchment approach

Abam TKS. 1993. Bank erosion and protection in the Niger delta. Hydrological Sciences Journal 38(3), 231-241.

Arguelles-Sanchez D. 2012. PCAARRD advocates planting of more bamboos. Available from: www.philstar.com/agriculture/2012/07/29/832559/pcaarrd-advocates-planting-more-bamboos [Accessed 25 September 2017].

Ben-zhi Z, Mao-yi F, Jin-zhong X, Xiao-sheng Y, Zheng-cai L. 2005. Ecological functions of bamboo forest: Research and application. Journal of Forestry Research 16(2), 143-147.

Fisher M, Deboodt T, Buckhouse J, Swanson, J. 2008. Lessons learned in calibrating and monitoring a paired catchment study in Oregon’s High Dessert. In: The Third Interagency Conference on Research in the Catchments, 8-11 September 2008 Estes Park: CO, 237-240.

Gomyo M, Kuraji K. 2016. Effect of the litter layer on runoff and evaporation using the paired catchment method. Journal of Forest Research 21(6), 306-313.

Higaki D, Karki KK, Guatam CS. 2005. Soil erosion control measures on degraded sloping lands: A case study in Midlands of Nepal. Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management 8(3), 243-249.

Jokela W, Casler MD. 2010. Transport of phosphorus and nitrogen in surface runoff in a corn silage system: Paired catchment methodology and calibration period results. Can. J. Soil Sci 91, 479-491.

King KW, Smiley Jr PC, Baker BJ, Fausey NR. 2008. Validation of paired catchments for assessing conservation practices in the Upper Big Walnut Creek catchment, Ohio. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 63(6), 380-395.

Lauren A, Heinonen J, Koivusalo H. 2009. Implications of uncertainty in a pre-treatment datasets when estimating treatment effects in paired catchment studies: phosphorus loads from forest clear-cuts. Water Air Soil Pollution 196, 251-261.

Loftis JC, MacDonald LH, Streett S, Iyer HK, Bunte K. 2001. Detecting cumulative catchment affects: the statistical power of pairing. Journal of Hydrology 251, 49-64.

Lyon AS. 2006. Paired catchment analysis to evaluate phosphorus in Spavinaw and Beaty Creeks, Oklahoma. Unpublished MS Thesis. Graduate College of the Oklahoma State University, Oklahoma City, USA.

Marin RA, Jamis CV. 2016. Soil erosion status of the three sub-catchments in Bukidnon Province, Philippines. AES Biofkux 8(2), 194-204.

Marin RA, Casas JV. 2017. Soil erosion assessment of the various vegetation cover in Mt. Musuan, Philippines. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Science 11(1), 105-113.

Prokopy LS, Asligul Gocmen Z, Gao L, Allred SB, Bonnell JE, Genskow K, Molloy A, Power R. 2011. Incorporating social context variable into paired catchment designs to test non-point source program effectiveness. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 47(1), 196-202.

Ricker MC, Odhiambo BK, Church JM. 2008. Spatial analysis of soil erosion and sediment fluxes: A paired catchment study of two Rappahannock River Tributaries, Stafford County, Virginia. Environmental Management 41(5), 92-105.

http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00267-008-9094-6.

Som N, Zegre NP, Ganio LM, Skaugset AE. 2012. Corrected prediction intervals for change detection in paired catchment studies. Hydrological Sciences Journal 57(1), 134-143.

Ssegane H, Amatya DM, Chescheir GM, Skaggs WR, Tollner EW, Nettles JE. 2013. Consistency of hydrologic relationship of a paired catchment approach. American Journal of Climate Change 2, 147-164.

www.scirp.org/journal/ajcc

Suzaki T, Nakatsubo T. 2001. Impact of the bamboo Phyllostachys bambusoides on the light environment and plant communities on river banks. J. For. Res 6, 81-86.

Udawatta RP, Krstansky JJ, Henderson GS, Garrett HE. 2002. Agroforestry practices, runoff, and nutrient losses: A paired catchment approach comparison. J. Environ, Qual 31, 1214-1225.

United States Environmental Protection Agency. 1993. Paired catchment study design. Washington, D.C. 20460: Office of Water.

United States Environmental Protection Agency. 1997. Techniques for tracking, evaluating, and reporting the implementation of nonpoint source control measures: Agriculture. Washington DC: Office of Water.

Veum KS, Goyne KW, Motavalli PP, Udawatta RP. 2009. Runoff and dissolved organic carbon loss from a paired catchment study of three adjacent agricultural catchments. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 130(3-4), 115-122.

George R. Puno, Rico A. Marin.
Soil erosion analysis in bamboo-planted sites using paired catchment approach.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 11(5), 415-422, November 2017.
http://www.innspub.net/jbes/soil-erosion-analysis-bamboo-planted-sites-using-paired-catchment-approach/
Copyright © 2017
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update