International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Response of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes under different salinity levels

By: Md. Saleh Uddin, Nasrin Jahan, Muhammad Ziaur Rahman, Md. Rafiqul Islam, Kazi Md. Wayaz. Hossain

Key Words: Wheat genotype, Salinity, Germination, Response, Root and shoot length

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 11(3), 180-187, September 2017.

Certification: jbes 2017 0077 [Generate Certificate]


A study of responses of wheat genotypes to salinity was conducted at Regional Agricultural Research Station, BARI, Rahmatpur, Barisal under different levels of Nacl salinity to evaluate the sensitivity of wheat genotypes to salinity. The experiment consists of 45 genotypes of wheat and five levels of salinity viz 0.8 (control) 8, 12, 16 and 20dS/m were used as treatments. Results revealed that salt tolerant genotypes were found in the diverse germplasm of wheat. The reduction of germination percentage was increased with the increases of salinity level. Germination percentage wheat genotypes markedly reduced above 12dS/m salinity. Some genotypes of wheat failed to germinate at 12 and 20dS/m salinity. Other parameters viz root and shoot length, root: shoot ratio, root and shoot length were also significantly reduced at salinity above 12dS/m.

| Views 25 |

Response of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes under different salinity levels

Ali MR, Uddin MS, Begum SA. 2007. Identification of salt tolerant barley genotypes for coastal region of Bangladesh. Bangladesh J. Bot 36 (2), 151-155.

Almansouri M, Kinet JM, Lutts S. 2001. Effect of salt and osmotic stress on germination in durum wheat. Plant and Soil, 231, 243-254.

Ashraf M, McNeilly T, Bradshaw AD. 1987. Selection and heritability of tolerance to sodium chloride in four storage species. Crop Sci 227, 232-334.

Aslam M, Ahmed K, Akhtar MA Maqbool M. 20017. Salinity stress in crop plants: Effect of stress, tolerance mechanisms and breeding strategies for improvement. J. agric. Basic. Sci. 2(1), 70-85.

Bordi A. 2010. The influence of salt stress on seed germination, growth and yield of canola cultivars. Nat. Vot. Hort. Agrobat. Cluj 38, 128-133.

Francois LE, Maas EV, Donovan TJ, Youngs. VL. 1986. Effect of salinity on grain yield and quality, vegetative growth, and germination of semi-dwarf and durum wheat. Agron. J 78, 1053-1058.

Gomez KA, Gomez AA. 1984. Statistical Procedure for Agricultural Research. Second Edition.A Willey Interscience Publication, John Wiley and Sons, New York.

Huang J, Redmann RE. 1995. Salt tolerance of Horde and Brassica species during germination and early seedling growth of common wheat under normal and NaCl- streamed in Bangldesh, Regional Symposium on Water Resources [Policy in Agro socio economic Development, 4-8 August 1986. Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Khan LR. 1990. Ground Water Abstraction. In Environmental Aspects of Agricultural Development in Bangladesh. (Ed) S. Huq. A. A. Rahman and G. R. Company. UPL. Dhaka. Bangladesh pp. 135-153.

Khan MA, Weber DJ. 2008. Ecophysiology of high salinity tolerant plants. (Tasks for Vegetation science). Series, Springer amsterdam. L.) genotypes at seedling stage. J. BioSci. Biotechnol 4(1), 39-49.

Mamo TG, Richter C, Heiligatag B. 1996. Response of some varieties of durum wheat and tef to salt stress. African Crop Sci. J 4(4), 423-432.

MPO (Master Plan Organization). 1986. National Water Plan. Ministry of Irrigation,    Water Development and Flood control, Government of Bangladesh.

Nag BL. 2005. Improving productivity of Oleferous brassica in saline soil. Ph.D. dissertation. Dept of Agromomy. Bangladesh Agricultural University Mymensingh.

Nishat A, Chowdhury SK. 1986. Water Quality: Problems and Needs for Integreted Control Rahman, R. Haider, S. Huq and E.G. Janson. Vol. II. UPL, Dhaka, Bangladesh pp. 66-101.

Othman Y, Al-Karaki G, Al-Tawaha AR, Al-Horani A. 2006. Variation in germination and ion uptake in barley genotypes under salinity conditions. World J. Agric. Sci 2(1), 11-15.

Rahman F, Chowdhury AK, Basher HMK, Uddin MS. 2012. Performance of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes under different levels of salt stresses. Bangladesh J. Pl. Breed. Genet 25(2), 1-7.

Richter RC, Kreitler CW. 1993. Geochemical Techniques for Identifying Source of Groundnut-water Salinization. CRC Press, FL USA.

Singh AK, Prakash V, Sastry EVD. 2000. Variation in seedling growth parameters in wheat under normal and saline environments. Indian. J. Agric. Res 34(3), 185-187.

Uddin MS, Hossain KMW, Newaz MA. 2017. Genetics for salinity tolerance traits in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) using diallel analysis. International J. Natural and Social Sci 4(2), 19-23.

Zaman TM, Bakri DA. 2003. Dry land salinity and rising water table in the Mulyan Creek Catchment, Australia. The University of Sydney Orange Seeds Parade, Orange, NSW 2800, Australia.

Md. Saleh Uddin, Nasrin Jahan, Muhammad Ziaur Rahman, Md. Rafiqul Islam, Kazi Md. Wayaz. Hossain.
Response of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes under different salinity levels.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 11(3), 180-187, September 2017.
Copyright © 2017
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
innspub logo
english language editing
    Publish Your Article
    Submit Your Article
Email Update