Prevalence and Identification of Nematodes in Chickens from District Charsadda, KPK, Pakistan
By: Luqman Khan, Asma Waheed Qureshi, Mian Naveed Shah, Khurram Feroz, Abu Mansoor, Omer Draz, Shah Fahad
Key Words: Intestinal helminthes, Domestic Chicken, Heterakis gallinarum, KPK.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 9(1), 274-282, July 2016.
Chicken providing livelihood and income for mini scale farmers especially in the off cropping season, poultry combines very well with other husbandry activities like cropping. Chickens die each year because of various infections. Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites is still much uncontrolled. The local chicken feeds on a broad range of food substances. This ranged from grains, fruits to insects, which may pork infective stages of parasites thereby making them vulnerable to parasitic infection. In order to study the prevalence of gastrointestinal nematode in the backyard (Desi) chickens in district Charsadda Khyber Pakhtoon Khwa, Pakistan. The present study was intended during January 2013 to May 2013. Nematodes are intestinal helminthes parasites and cause a large number of disease, severe infections and economic loss. Thirty-six domestic chicken samples (Male and Female) were collected randomly from two different areas for identification and severity of nematodes by the intestinal scraping method. The result showed that backyard chickens in district Charsadda were severely infected by the gastrointestinal nematode. The rates of infection were found to be 58.32%. Out of which (38.89%) were infected by Heterakis gallinarum while (27.7%) was infected by Ascaridia galli. The study indicated that male chicken (52.1%) were more infected by Heterakis gallinarum as compared to female chicken (39.9%). Whereas single infection is, 55.56% and double infection are 2.78%. These helminthes cause the hindrance in the production of chicken in district Charsadda.