International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

A preliminary checklist of the vascular flora of Kalam valley, Swat, Pakistan

By: Bakht Nawab, Habib Ahmad, Jan Alam, Haidar Ali

Key Words: Checklist, Vascular plant, Diversity, Kalam, Swat

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 11(1), 192-209, July 2017.

Certification: jbes 2017 0021

Abstract

The floristic survey of Kalam valley, Swat was carried out during 2012 to 2014 and a total of 529 species belonging to 312 genera and 85 families were identified. Of them, 14 species of pteridophytes, 11 species of Gymnosperms and 504 species of angiosperms (57 species of Monocotyledons and 447 species of Dicotyledons) were recognized. Asteraceae was the largest family which contributed 52 species (9.82%), followed by Lamiaceae (37 spp., 6.99%), while 14 largest families represented by 10 or more species accounted for 60.90% of the species. The largest genera were: Ranunculus (7spp. each), Berberis, Nepeta, Veronica and Polygonum (6 spp. each), Impatiens, Prunus, Allium, Astragalus, Vicia, Salix, Geranium, Salvia, Papaver, Potentilla, Lathyrus and Rosa (5 spp. each). This checklist will provide a useful starting point for further ecological and bio prospective research of the area.

| Views 38 |

A preliminary checklist of the vascular flora of Kalam valley, Swat, Pakistan

Ahmad H, Khan S, Hamayun M. 2004. Ethnobotanical resources of Manikhel forests, Orakzai Tirah, Pakistan Journal Ethno botany. Leaflets www.siu.edu/~ebl/.

Ahmad I, Ibrar M, Ullah B, Ali N. 2011. Ethnobotanical Study of Tehsil Kabal, Swat District, KPK, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 43(1), 1-9.

Ahmad KM, Hussain M, Ashraf ML, Uqman MY, Ashraf Khan ZI. 2007. Indigenous vegetation of Soone Valley at the risk of extinction. Pakistan Journal of Botany 39(3), 679-690.

Ahmad MS, Sultana SF, Hadi TB, Hadda S, Rashid M, Zafar MA, Khan MPZ, Khan Yaseen G. 2014. An Ethnobotanical study of Medicinal Plants in high mountainous region of Chail valley (District Swat- Pakistan). Ahmad et al. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 10, 36.

www.ethnobiomed. com/content/10/1/36

Ahmad SS, Ehsan H. 2012. Analyzing the herbaceous flora of lohi bher wildlife park under variable environmental stress. Pakistan Journal of Botany 44(1), 11-14.

Akeroyd J. 2002. A rational look at extinction.Plant Talk, 28: 35-37.

Akhtar N, Bergmeier E. 2015. Species richness, alpha and beta diversity of trees, shrubs and herbaceous plants in the woodlands of Swat, Pakistan. Pakistan journal of botany. Volume 47, Number 6 (2015:Dec.); 201512; 2107-2114 – Pakistan Botanical Society.

Alam J, Ali SL. 2010. Conservation status of AstraglusgilgitensisAli (Fabaceae): a critically endangered species in Gilgit district, Pakistan. Phyton (Horn, Austria) 48(2), 211-223.

Ali SI, Nasir (Eds.) YJ. 1989-1992. Flora of Pakistan. Islamabad, Karachi.

Ali SI, Qaiser (Eds.) M. 1995-2012. Flora of Pakistan. Department of Botany, University of Karachi.

Ali SI, Qaiser (Eds.) M. 1995-2012. Flora of Pakistan. Department of Botany, University of Karachi.

Anon. 2012a. The International Plant Names Index (IPNI). < http://www.ipni.org>

Anon. 2012a. The International Plant Names Index (IPNI). <http://www.ipni.org>

Anon. 2012b. The Plant List; a working list of all plant species. http://www.theplantlist.org

Anon. 2012b. The Plant List; a working list of all plant species. http://www.theplantlist.org

Anonymous. 1999. District Census Report, Swat. Population census organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan, Islamabad. p. 198- 201.

Balck MJ. (1996). “Transforming ethnobotany for the new millennium.” Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 83, 58-66.

Begum. 2003. Marketing of medicinal plants of Utror-Gabral Valleys, Swat, Pakistan. Journal Ethno botany Leaflets.

www.siu.edu/~ebl/

Bramwell D. 2002. How many plant species are there? Plant Talk, 28, 32-34.

Chaudhri and Qureshi. 1991. Indicated that as many as 709 species of the vasvular plasnts of Pakistan, constituting about one tenth of the vascular flora, are in danger of being gradually wiped or exterminated altogether.

District Census Report. 1998. Population census organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan, Islamabad p. 198- 201.

Fazal H, Ahmad N, Rashid A, Farooq S. 2010. A checklist of phanerogamic flora of Haripur Hazara, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of botany 42(3), 1511-1522.

Funk VT, Hollowell P, Berry C, Kelloff S, Alexander N. 2007. Checklist of the Plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 55, 1- 84.

Hamayun M. 2005. Studies on ethnobotany, conservation and plant diversity of Utror and Gabral valleys, District Swat, Pakistan. Ph.D Dissertation. pp. 79-81.

Hamayun M, Khan SA, Sohn EY, Lee I. 2006. Folk medicinal knowledge and conservation status of some economically valued medicinal plants of District Swat, Lyonia 11(2), 101-113.

Haq F. 2011. Conservation status, threats and recommendations of the critically endangered and endangered species in Nandiar Khuwar catchment District Battagram, Pakistan. international journal of biological conservation 3(2), 27-35.

Haq FU, Ahmad H, Alam M, Ahmad I, Ullah R. 2010. Species diversity of vascular plants of Nandiar Valley Western Himalaya, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 42(S.I.), 213-229.

Hilton-Taylor C. 2000. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge UK.

Hussain F, Aleem shah. 1989. Phytosociology of vanishing Subtropical Vegetation of swat with.

Hussain F. Field and laboratory manual of plant ecology. NAHE, UGC, Islamabad 1989.

Hussain F, Ilahi I. 1991. Ecology and Vegetation of Lesser Himalayas, Pakistan. Department of Botany, University of Peshawar p. 187.

Hussain F, Khaliq A, Durani MJ. 1996. Ethnobotanical studies on some plants of Dabargai hills, district Swat, Pakistan. Proc. First Train. Workshop Ethnob. Appl. Conser., PARC, Islamabad p. 207-215.

Ilahi I, Hussain F. Modern Trends of Plant Science Research in Pakistan Proc. 3rd National Conference Plant Scientists pp. 253-258.

Ilyas M, Qureshi R, Arshad M, Mirza SN. 2013. A preliminary checklist of the vascular flora of kabal valley, swat, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 45(2), 605-615.

Keith DA. 1988. Floristic lists of New South Wales (III). Cunninghamia 2(1), 39-73.

Khan HA. Working plan for protected forests of Bahrain Tehsil (Swat District), 1995-96 to 2009-10. Peshawar Pakistan: NWFP Forest Department 1995.

Khan RS, Ahmad QS, Khan BA. 1996. Impact/Solution of fuel shortage on Conser. of Biodiversity of Hindu-Kush Himalayas region of Pakistan. Proc. First Train. Workshop Ethnob. Appl. Conser., PARC, Islamabad p.171-176. Text was searched but 1996 is missing with Khan et al.

Nakaike T, Malik (Eds.) S. 1992-1993. Cryptogrammic Flora of Pakistan. National Science Museum, Tokyo. Pakistan. Lyonia 11(2), 101-113.

Nasir E, Ali (Eds.) SI. 1970-1989. Flora of Pakistan, Islamabad, Karachi.

Qureshi R. 2008. Preliminary floristic list of Chotiari wetland Complex, Nawab Shah, Sindh, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 40(6), 2281-2288.

Qureshi R, Bhatti GR. 2010. Floristic inventory of Pai forest, Nawab Shah, Sindh, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 42(4), 2215-2224.

Qureshi R, Bhatti GR, Shabbir G. 2011a. Floristic inventory of Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University Research Farm at Koont and its surrounding areas. Pakistan Journal of Botany 43(3), 1679-1684.

Qureshi R, Khan WA, Bhatti GR, Khan B, Iqbal S, Ahmad MS, Abid M. 2011b. First report on the biodiversity of Khunjerab National Park, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 43(2), 849-861.

Rashid A, Hussain F, Ilahi I. 1987. A checklist of the flora of Attock-Nizampur Valley, District Peshawar In (Eds.).

Raunkiaer C. 1934. The Life Forms of Plants and Statistical Plant Geography. Clarendon Press Oxford.

Saima S, Dasti AA, Hussain F, Wazir SM, Malik SA. 2009. Floristic compositions along an 18km long Transect in Ayubia National Park district Abbottabad, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 41(5), 2115-2127.

Saima S, Dasti AA, Abbas Q, Hussain F. 2010. Floristic diversity during monsoon in Ayubia National Park, District Abbottabad, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Plant Sciences 16(1), 43-50.

Shah M, Hussain F. 2012. Conservation assessment of plant resources of Chakesar valley, district Shangla, KPK, Pakistan Pakistan Journal of Botany 44, 179-186. Special Issue May 2012.

Sheerin, Z. 2002. Ethnobotanical plants of Kalam valley, Swat. M.Sc Thesis, Univ.Peshawar pp. 36-46.

Sirajuddin H, Ahmad M, Rahman & Ghafoor S. 2005. Floristics and natural resources of mount eelumsw a t international journal of chemical and pharmaceutical research Vol. 2(2), pp. 27I-277.

Ullah A, Rashid A. 2014. Conservation status of threatened medicinal plants of Mankial Valley Hindukush Range, Pakistan international journal of biodiversity conservation Vol. 6(1), pp. 59-70,

DOI: 10.5897/IJBC2012 .123 ISSN 2141-243X © 2014

Yalcin E, Kilinc M, Kutbay  HG, Bilgin  A, Korkmaz H. 2011. Floristic properties of lowland meadows in Central Black Sea Region of Turkey. EurAsian journal of BioSciences 5, 54-63.

Bakht Nawab, Habib Ahmad, Jan Alam, Haidar Ali.
A preliminary checklist of the vascular flora of Kalam valley, Swat, Pakistan.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 11(1), 192-209, July 2017.
http://www.innspub.net/jbes/preliminary-checklist-vascular-flora-kalam-valley-swat-pakistan/
Copyright © 2017
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update