International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Phenotypic diversity, uses and management of local varieties of Corchorus olitorius L. from central Benin

By: Arlette Adjatin, Donald Balogoun, Laura Loko, Djengue Wilfrid, Bonou-gbo Zaki, Honnankpon Yedomonhan, Alexandre Dansi, Akpovi Akoégninou, Koffi Akpagana

Key Words: Leafy vegetables, Corchorus olitorius, Morphological diversity, Germination, Benin

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 11(1), 81-96, July 2017.

Certification: jbes 2017 0012

Abstract

Corchorus olitorius L. is a grown traditional leafy vegetable that contributes highly to food and nutritional security and to poverty reduction in Benin. Unfortunately, its culture is confronted with many undocumented constraints that limit its production. In order to collect information that will help to preserve its diversity, ethno botanical investigations and germination tests were conducted. Nine production constraints of C. olitorius were identified among which the most important are the susceptibility to drought, low productivity, lack of quality seeds, rot of seeds and susceptibility to insects. In total, 34 varieties of C. olitorius and 28 vernacular names were identified in the study area. The shape and nature of leaves are the most parameters used for denomination of C. olitorius varieties. Based on denomination criteria, 7 morphtypes were identified. Varieties are selected following 11 criteria of preference. Most producers used local seeds stored in eight materials. Among these, pieces of cloth (42.62% of responses), polythene bag (29.3% of responses) and piece of paper (10.52% of responses) are the most used. Apart from food uses, C. olitorius has medicinal properties and is relatively rich in iron that would prevent anemia especially among children from 0 to 5 years. A significant difference (p≤0.05) is observed between the germination rates of the seed morphotypes studied, indicating the necessity to provide quality seed to producers. The implementation of a varietal improvement program and seed production according to the criteria of preference of producers is highly recommended for a better production of C. olitorius in Benin.

| Views 45 |

Phenotypic diversity, uses and management of local varieties of Corchorus olitorius L. from central Benin

Adebooye OC, Ogbe FMD, Bamidele JF. 2003. Ethnobotany of indigenous leafy vegetables of southwest Nigeria. Delpinoa, Italy 45, 295-299.

Adeniyi SA, Ahiagbonare JE, Nwangwu SCO. 2012. Nutritional evaluation of some staple leafy vegetables in Southern Nigeria. International Journal of Agricultural and Food Science 2(2), 37-43.

Adéoti K, Dansi A, Ahoton L, Vodouhè R, Ahohuendo BC, Rival A, Sanni A. 2012. Agromorphological characterization of Sesamum radiatum (Schum. and Thonn.), A neglected and underutilized species of traditional leafy vegetable of great importancein Benin. African Journal of Agricultural Research 7(24), 3569-3578.

Adjatin A, Dansi A, Badoussi E, Loko YL, Dansi M, Azokpota P, Gbaguidi F, Ahissou H, Akoègninou A, Akpagana K, Sanni A. 2013a. Phytochemical screening and toxicity studies of Crassocephalum rubens (Juss. ex Jacq.) S. Moore and C. crepidioides (Benth.) S. Moore consumed as vegetable in Benin. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 2(8), 1-13.

Adjatin A, Dansi A, Eze CS, Assogba P, Dossou-Aminon I, Akpagana K, Akoègninou A, Sanni A. 2012. Ethnobotanical investigation and diversity of Gbolo [Crassocephalum rubens (Juss. ex Jacq.) S. Moore and C. crepidioides (Benth.) S. Moore], A traditional leafy vegetable under domestication in Benin.Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 59(8), 1867-1881.

Adomou AC. 2005: Vegetation patterns and environmental gradients in Benin: Implications for biogeography and conservation. PhD, University of Wageningen, Netherlands 136 p.

Akoègninou A, van der Burg WJ, van der Maesen LJG. 2006. Flore analytique du Bénin. Backhuys Publishers. Cotonou & Wagenigen 971p.

Antia BS, Akpan EJ, Okon PA, Umoren IU. 2006. Nutritive and anti-nutritive evaluation of sweet potatoes (Ipomoea batatas) leaves. Pak J Nutr 5, 166168.

Dansi A, Adjatin A, Adoukonou-Sagbadja H, Faladé V, Yedomonhan H, Odou D, Dossou B. 2008. Traditional leafy vegetables and their use in the Benin Republic. Genetic Resources Crop and Evolution 55, 1239-1256.

Dansi A, Adoukonou-Sagbadja H, Vodouhé R. 2010. Diversity, conservation and related wild species of Fonio millet (Digitaria spp) in the northwest of Benin, Genetic Resources Crop and Evolution 57, 827-839.

Das A, KumarD. 2012. Genetic evaluation and characterization of jute (Corchorus spp. L) genotypes using dus Parameters. SAARC J. Agri 10(2), 147-153.

Djengue H W, Dansi A, Adjatin A, Dansi M, Sanni A. 2017. Ethnobotanical investigation of Lippia multiflora Moldenke, a local aromatic leafy vegetable under domestication in Benin.International Journal of Current Research in Biosciences and Plant Biology 4(5), 44-51.

Ekpélikpézé OS, Loko YL, Adjatin A, Dansi A. 2016a. Evolution de la production de canne à sucre (Saccharum officinarum L.) et gestion paysanne de sa diversité variétale au Bénin. International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research 20(2), 349-361.

Ekpélikpézé OS, Loko YL, DassouA, DansiA, Agbangla C, SanniA. 2016b. Diversité variétale et évaluation participative des variétés de canne à sucre cultivéesau Bénin. International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research 21(2), 224-237.

Eteka CA, Ahohouendo BC, Dansi A, Assogba-Komlan F, Vodouhè R, Ahoton LE, Ahanchédé A, Sanni A, Hounhouigan J. 2011. Indigenous production and domestication of Sesamum radiatum and Justicia tenella, two traditional leafy vegetables consumed in Benin. African Journal of Agricultural Research 6, 5891-5904.

Feyem MN, Bell JM, Malaa Kenyi D, Fankou Dougoua MY, Moche K. 2016. Influence de la date de récolte sur la germination des semences de quelques variétés de riz NERICA pluvial. <hal-01338899>

Food and Agriculture Organization. 2012. FAO statistical data base. Available. Online. at URL.

Gbaguidi AA, Faouziath S, Orobiyi A, Dansi M, Akoegninou A, Dansi A. 2015. Connaissances endogènes et perceptions paysannes de l’impact des changements climatiques sur la production et la diversité du niébé (Vigna unguiculata L.) Walp.) et du voandzou (Vigna subterranea L.) Verdc.) au Bénin. International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 9(5), 2520-2541.

Guimbo ID, Muller J, Larwanou M. 2011. Ethnobotanical knowledge of men, women and children in rural Niger: a mixed-methods approach. Ethnobotanical Resources Applied 9, 235-42.

Heywood VH, Brummitt RK, Culham A, Seberg O. 2007. Flowering plant families of the world. Royal Botanical Gardens Kew.

Kiebre M, Bationo Kando P, Kiebre Z, Sawadogo M, Sawadogo N, Sawadogo B, Nanema RK, Traore RE. 2016. Evaluation agromorphologique d’accessions de corète potagère (Corchorus olitorius. L) du Burkina Faso. International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies 14(1), 198-209.

Komlan C, Adegbola P, Adegbidi A, Adetonah S, Mensah GA. 2013. Analyse des systèmes de commercialisation de la corète potagère (Corchorus olitorius L.) produite à Agbédranfo au Sud-Ouest du Bénin (Département du Couffo). The 4th International Conference of the African Association of Agricultural Economists, September 22-25, 2013, Hammamet Tunisia.

Kumawat BK, Gupta M, Singh TY. 2012. Free radical scavenging effect of various extracts of leaves of Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile by DPPH method. Asian J. of Plant Science and Research 2(3), 323-329.

Maroufi K, Aliabadi Farahani H, Moaveni P. 2011. Effects of Hydropriming on Seedling Vigour in Spinach (Spinacia Oleracea L.) Advances in Environmental Biology 5(8), 2224-2227.

Mavengahama S, Lewu FB. 2012. Comparative evaluation of the germination capability of three morphologically different wildge no types of Corchorus olitorius L. from Northern, Kwa Zulu-Natal, South Africa. African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 11(22), pp. 6050-6054.

Nour A, Brinis L. 2016. Effet du stockage sur la vigueur et la viabilité des semences de deux variétés de blé dur (Triticum durum, Desf). Rev. Sci. Technol., Synthèse 32, 22-29.

Nyadanu D, Akromah R, Aboagye LM, Adu Amoah R, Kwarteng AO, Adu-Dapaah H, Dansi A, Lotsu F, Tsama A. 2016. Domestication of Jute mallow (Corchorus olitorius L.): Agro-morphological diversity and Multivariate analysis of local cultivars in Ghana. Genetic resources and crop evolution, DOI 10.1007/s 10722-016-0438-41-17.

Olanrewaju, AD, Nwangburuka CC. 2012. Morphological diversity among Corchorus olitorius accessions based on single linkage cluster analysis and principal components analysis. Japan Journal of Biological Sciences 5(3), 191-196.

Orobiyi A, Loko YL, Sanoussi F, Adjatin A, Gbaguidi A, Dansi A, Sanni A. 2016. Horticultural practices and varietal diversity of chili pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) in Central and Northern Benin. Genetic resources and crop evolution, DOI 10.1007/s10722-016-0370-7.

Oyedele DJ, Asonugho C, Awotoye OO. 2006. Heavy metals in soil and accumulation by edible vegetables after phosphate fertilizer application. Electronic Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry 5, 1446-1453.

Parvin S, Marzan M, Rahman S, Kumer Das A, Haque S, Rahmatullah M. 2015. Preliminary phytochemical screening, antihyperglycemic, analgesic and toxicity studies on methanolic extract of aerial parts of Corchorus olitorius L. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science Vol. 5(09), pp. 068-071.

Rao NK, Hanson J, Dulloo ME, Ghosh K, Nowell D, Larinde M. 2006. Manuel de manipulation des semences dans les banques de gènes. Manuels pour les banques de gènes Bioversity International, Rome, Italie No. 8.

Sanoussi F, Ahissou H, Dansi M, Hounkonnou B, Agre P, Dansi A, 2015. Ethnobotanical investigation of three traditional leafy vegetables [Alternanthera sessilis (L.) DC., Bidens pilosa L., Launaea taraxacifolia Willd.] widely consumed in southern and central Benin. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences 6(2), 187-198.

Ta Bi Irié H, N’Guessan K, Bomisso EL, Assa Rl, Aké S. 2016. Etude ethnobotanique de quelques espèces du genre Corchorus rencontrées en Côte d’Ivoire. European Scientific Journal August 12(24), 1-17.

Arlette Adjatin, Donald Balogoun, Laura Loko, Djengue Wilfrid, Bonou-gbo Zaki, Honnankpon Yedomonhan, Alexandre Dansi, Akpovi Akoégninou, Koffi Akpagana.
Phenotypic diversity, uses and management of local varieties of Corchorus olitorius L. from central Benin.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 11(1), 81-96, July 2017.
http://www.innspub.net/jbes/phenotypic-diversity-uses-management-local-varieties-corchorus-olitorius-l-central-benin/
Copyright © 2017
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update