Overview of Dioscorea deltoidea Wall. Ex Griseb: An endangered medicinal plant from Himalaya region
By: Nida Tahir, Yamin Bibi, Muhammad Iqbal, Mubashir Hussain, Sadaf Laraib, Irum Safdar, Gulshan Bibi
Key Words: Dioscorea deltoidea, Phytochemical, Endangered medicinal plant, Climbing herb, Conservation
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 9(6), 13-24, December 2016.
Dioscorea deltoidea is an endangered species belonging to family Dioscoreacea, It produce rhizomes or bulbils which is rich in sapogenin steroidal compounds. These compounds have immense medicinal, industrial and commercial importance. D. deltoidea is expectorant and sedative. It is involved in treatment of cardiovascular system, central nervous system, dysfunctional changes in the female reproductive system, disease of bones and joint metabolic disorders, skin diseases, oncology and immunodeficiency’s and autoimmune diseases. Traditionally it is used as vermifuge, fish poison and kills lice. Diosgenin which is a steroidal aglycone is precursor to chemical synthesis of many hormones. D. deltoidea is commercially exploited for its bioactive chemical substances like diosgenin, corticosterone and sigmasterol. The aim of present study is to evaluate the medicinal properties, ethnobotanical uses, phytochemicals, pharmacological properties, threats and conservation strategies of D. deltoidea.