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Medicinal folk recipes and conservation status of gymnospermic flora for livelihood security of Malam Jabba Valley, Hindu Kush Range, Swat, Pakistan

By: Abdul Razzaq, Abdur Rashid

Key Words: Gymnosperms, Conservation status, Malam Jabba valley, Medicinal uses, Malam Jabba Valley, Swat Hindu Kush Range.

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 11(5), 201-215, November 2017.

Certification: jbes 2017 0114 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The Malam Jabba Valley, district Swat has a diverse flora with the spectacular scenic beauty and unspoilt nature that attracts tourists across the globe and makes the valley a paradise for the nature and adventure lovers. Floristically the area is located in Hindu Kush Range, dominated by Sino-Japanese type of vegetation. A detailed investigation was carried out from April 2013 to August 2015 in order to explore the medicinal folk recipes and establish conservation issues of gymnospermic flora. The current study revealed information on 10 plant species belonging to 8 genera and 4 families used by the different ethnic groups of the research area. Ethnomedicinal information on medicinal folk recipes was mostly collected from farmers, Herbalists, shop keepers and elders belonging to different communities and habitats through interviews and group discussions. IUCN Red List Criteria, 2001, version 3.1, and 2003 Version 3.0 were used to establish conservation status of gymnospermic flora. It was concluded that most of the gymnosperms were Critically endangered in the research area due to habitat destruction, degradation, habitat fragmentation, unscientific and overexploitation of natural resources, overgrazing, and ruthless deforestation, forest fire, introduction of invasive species, pathogenic diseases, human population and anthropogenic activities. There is override need to safeguard the gymnospermic plant biodiversity for the sustainable livelihood security of the research area.

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Medicinal folk recipes and conservation status of gymnospermic flora for livelihood security of Malam Jabba Valley, Hindu Kush Range, Swat, Pakistan

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Abdul Razzaq, Abdur Rashid .
Medicinal folk recipes and conservation status of gymnospermic flora for livelihood security of Malam Jabba Valley, Hindu Kush Range, Swat, Pakistan.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 11(5), 201-215, November 2017.
http://www.innspub.net/jbes/medicinal-folk-recipes-conservation-status-gymnospermic-flora-livelihood-security-malam-jabba-valley-hindu-kush-range-swat-pakistan/
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