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Identification of Plasmodium falciparum in anemic patients with special reference to pregnancy

By: Naseem Rafique, Anum Imran, Luqman Khan

Key Words: Anemia, Plasmodium falciparum, Hemoglobin, Khyber PakhtoonKhwa

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 9(2), 113-121, August 2016.

Abstract

Anemia is a universal health hitch in developing as well as developed countries with main effects on human health as well as social and financial progress. Anemia is the decrease in the hemoglobin concentration of blood lower than normal range estimated for individual of different age and sex. Anemia is associated with parasitic infection caused by Plasmodium falciparum, a group of parasitic protozoan and transmitted by bite of female anopheles mosquito affecting 300 to 500 million new cases each year. In present study, a total of 50 anemic patients with suspected Plasmodium falciparum in their blood were studied from September to December 2015 in District Mardan, Khyber PukhtunKhwa, Pakistan. The microscopic examination showed overall positive result with 68% of anemic patients. It showed that female anemic patients having Plasmodium falciparum in blood were 46% and male anemic patients were 22%. The most vulnerable groups in this study were children with 42% and pregnant women with 16 % while the adult with 26% and non-pregnant women with 4% were recorded. It was concluded in the present study that Plasmodium falciparum was the causative agent of anemia in the project area.

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