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Exploration of floristic diversity of Khanpur valley, District Haripur, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

By: Zeeshan Siddique, Sobia Nisa, Ghulam Mujtaba Shah, Abdullah Khan, Alia Naz, Salman Khan, Noureen Aurangzeb, Shah Masaud Khan, Abid Farid, Muhammad Mohiuddin

Key Words: Khanpur valley, District haripur, Floristic studies, Flora of Khanpur, Plants of Khanpur

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 9(3), 57-72, September 2016.

Abstract

A floristic inventory was carried out during 2012-2014 in Khanpur Valley, District Haripur, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Data pertaining to floral composition and other relevant information was collected through questionnaires, interviews & transect walks during the field visits. As a result total 283 plant species belonging to 101 families were documented. Fungi consisted of 1 species belonging to 1 family, algae 3 species belonging to 3 families, bryophytes 3 species belonging to 3 families, pteridophytes 3 species belonging to 1 family, gymnosperms 2 species belonging to 2 families, angiosperms 271 species belonging to 89 families (monocots represented by 38 species belonging to 11 families and dicots 233 species belonging to 78 families). There were 120 herbs, 80 shrubs, 64 trees and 19 climbers species. Of the total plant species recorded, there were 65 (22.96%) annuals, 5 (1.76%) biennials, and 213 (75.26%) perennials plants. Plants reported were tabulated according to botanical name, vernacular name, family, habit, life span, height, flower colour and flowering season. The study also indicated that flora of Khanpur Valley is under severe pressure due to deforestation, over grazing, over exploitation and subsequent fires. As a result valuable flora is getting depleted at alarming rate. Plant specimens collected were identified, preserved, mounted and voucher was deposited at the Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Haripur, KP, Pakistan for future references.

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