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Effect of nitrogen fertilizer on growth attributes of NaCl stressed barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) B90068 genotype

By: Ikram-ul-Haq, Ghulam Yasin1, Nazia Parveen Gill2, Sajid Ali, Abdul Ghaffar

Key Words: Hordeum vulgare, Growth rate, Photosynthesis, Urea fertilizer, Sodic saline

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 11(6), 141-152, December 2017.

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Salinity is the big threat of drought as well as flooded areas for crop production. In this experiment, effects of urea fertilizer (50kg N ha-1) application on rate of vegetative growth and yield production of NaCl (0, 100 and 200mM) stressed barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) genotype B90068 was assessed. High NaCl level decreased plant biomass, net CO2 assimilation (A) rate, K+ concentration and grain yields but Na+ and Cl-1 contents increased significantly especially in salt sensitive cultivar. With urea application, plant growth, photo-assimilation rates and plant yield was maximum in control plants as well as each increased than NaCl stressed plants (p≤0.05). It indicates that influence of urea fertilizer, which is playing a significant role in barley production even when grown in saline conditions. Among NaCl stressed plants, carotenoids were increased while chlorophyll contents were decrease significantly. A non-significant alteration in in Na+/K+ and K+/Cl-, which were decreased with NaCl application while reversed under the influence of urea fertilizer. Transpiration (E) rate and sub-stomatal CO2 concentrations observed upward under NaCl stress than control plants, while down towards normal form with application of urea but gs (stomatal conductance) noted as reversed than E and Ci. Application of NaCl in root medium is decreasing plant growth and its final yield while influence of urea fertilizer reduces (p≤0.05) the deleterious effects of NaCl stress.

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Effect of nitrogen fertilizer on growth attributes of NaCl stressed barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) B90068 genotype

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Ikram-ul-Haq, Ghulam Yasin1, Nazia Parveen Gill2, Sajid Ali, Abdul Ghaffar.
Effect of nitrogen fertilizer on growth attributes of NaCl stressed barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) B90068 genotype.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 11(6), 141-152, December 2017.
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