International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Dynamics and elemental composition of litter fall in leguminous tree species of Sub tropical region: A nutrient cycling perspective

By: Mauvia Ahmad Muhammad, Saeed Gulzar, Syed M. Nizami, Lubna Ansari, Amir Saleem, Muhammad Essa

Key Words: Litterfall, Decomposition, Dalbergia sissoo, Albezzia lebbek, Eucalyptus camaludensis

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 10(2), 58-64, February 2017.

Certificate
Cover

Abstract

Litter fall dynamics have significant importance in nutrient cycling especially the carbon inputs to the soils under the recent climate change scenario. The present study was carried out in sub-tropical region of Pakistan and plant community of tree leguminous species viz. Dalbergia sissoo (Shisham); Albizia lebbeck (Siris) and Eucalyptus camaldulensis (Safaida) were investigated for total litter fall and its elemental composition to be subsequent entry as nutrients into the soil. Litter fall trappers of dimension (1m2) were used for litter fall collection from each tree species. Later nutritional analysis of litter fall was investigated through standard laboratory techniques. The study revealed 4.78, 3.89, 6.37 t ha-1yr-1 of litter fall in the shisham, siris and safaida trees respectively. The ANOVA pointed out significant variation (P<0.001) in monthly litter fall of each species. Elemental composition analysis revealed that total concentration of C was 42.12; 43.75 and 36 gm kg-1 in shisham, siris and safaida respectively. The amount of N was 15.43; 11.11 and 18.25 gm kg-1, while the P composition was 5.6, 8.5 and 2.6 gm kg-1 in shisham, siris and safaida respectively. The concentration of K was low as compared to C, N and P in all other species. The results of study are helpful in estimating the amount nutrients entering into the soil and simultaneously have significant role in nutrient cycling in sub-tropical forest forests having composition of these species.

| Views 65 |

Dynamics and elemental composition of litter fall in leguminous tree species of Sub tropical region: A nutrient cycling perspective

Berg B, McClaugherty C. 2010. Plant Litter: Decomposition, Humus Formation, Carbon Sequestration, second ed. Springer-Verlag Heidelberg Berlin 3, 338-352.

Berg B, McClaugherty C. 2014. Plant Litter: Decomposition, Humus Formation, Carbon Sequestration, 3rd ed. Springer, Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany.

Chapin FS, Matson PA, Mooney HA. 2002. Principles of Terrestrial Ecosystem Ecology. New York. Springer. Ver., 115-221 P.

Hasanuzzaman M, Mahmood M. 2007. Litter production and nutrient return through leaf litter of selected cropland agroforest tree species in southwestern Bangladesh. Agriculture and Forestry 60 (1), 221-233.

Kim C, Koo KS, Kim YK, Lee YK, Jeong JH, Seo HS. 1997. Dynamics of litterfall and nutrient inputs in Quercus acutissima and Pinus koraiensis stands. Forest Research Institute Journal of Forest Science  55, 13-18.

Lawrence D. 2005. Regional scale variation in litter production and seasonality in tropical dry forests of southern Mexico.  Biotropica 37, 561–570.

Lin H, Hong T, Wu C, Chen H, Chen C, Li J,

Lin Y, Fan Y. 2012. Monthly variation in litterfall and the amount of nutrients in an Aleurites montana plantation. Forestry Studies in China 14(1), 30-35.

Maguire DA. 1994. Branch mortality and potential litter fall from Douglas-fir trees in stands of varying density. Forest Ecology and Management 70(1-3), 41–53.

Mahmood H, Hoque AKF. 2008. Litter production and decomposition in mangrove–a review.  Indian Forester 31(2), 227-238.

Miller HG, Cooper JM, Miller JD, Pauline JL. 1979. Nutrient cycles in pine and their adaptation to poor soils. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 9(1), 19–26.

Ryan J, Garabet S, Rashid A, El-Gharous M. 1999. Assessment of soil and plant analysis laboratories in the West Asia – North Africa region. Communications in Soil Science and  Plant Analysis 30, 885 – 894.

Polyakova O, Billor N. 2007. Impact of deciduous tree species on litterfall quality, decomposition rates and nutrient circulation in pine stands. Forest Ecology and Management  253 (1), 11-18.

Sharma RB, Moolchandra S, Singh KP. 1990a. Variation in forest biomass and productivity. In: Singh JS, Singh KP, Agrawal M (eds) Environmental degradation of Obra-Renukoot-Singrauli area and its impact on natural and derived ecosystems. Final Technical Report submitted to Ministry of Environment and Forests, New Delhi, 109–114 P.

Sharma RB, Moolchandra S, Singh KP. 1990b. Changes in relation to forest nutrient cycling. In: Singh JS, Singh KP, Agrawal M (eds) Environmental degradation of Obra-Renukoot-Singrauli area and its impact on natural and derived ecosystems. Final Technical Report submitted to Ministry of Environment and Forests, New Delhi, 109–124 P.

Sheikh MI. 1993. Trees of Pakistan. Pakistan Forest Institute Peshawar Pakistan, 145 p.

Singh KP, Singh PK, Tripathi SK. 1999. Litterfall, litter decomposition and nutrient release patterns in four native tree species raised on coal mine spoil at Singrauli, India. Biology and Fertility of Soils 29(4),  371-378.

Singh KP. 1968. Litter production and nutrient turnover in deciduous forests of Varanasi. In Advances in tropical ecology Part II. Proceedings of symposium on recent advances in tropical ecology. Banaras Hindu University, India, 655-665.

Mauvia Ahmad Muhammad, Saeed Gulzar, Syed M. Nizami, Lubna Ansari, Amir Saleem, Muhammad Essa.
Dynamics and elemental composition of litter fall in leguminous tree species of Sub tropical region: A nutrient cycling perspective.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 10(2), 58-64, February 2017.
http://www.innspub.net/jbes/dynamics-and-elemental-composition-of-litter-fall-in-leguminous-tree-species-of-sub-tropical-region-a-nutrient-cycling-perspective/
Copyright © 2017
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update