International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Diversity of anuran species of the three different habitat types (Riparian, Agricultural and Residential) along the River of Barangay Mananum, Bag-o, Medina, Misamis Oriental, Philippines

By: Naomi J. Cero, Edelyn B. Gonzales, Lord Elgin J. Ladera, Cordulo P. Ascano II, Gina C. Lacang

Key Words: Anurans, Habitat, Diversity, Canonical correspondence analysis

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 11(5), 274-286, November 2017.

Certification: jbes 2017 0128 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Anuran belongs to the group of amphibians that are sensitive to the alterations of their environment and they could be used as bio-indicator organisms to follow changes in their habitats. The diversity of anurans was studied in the three sites located along the river of Mananum, Bag-o, Misamis Oriental, Philippines. Visual encounter survey was used to capture the target species. Diversity indices such as species richness, relative abundance, Shannon-Weiner function, evenness, similarity index were analyzed. Environmental variables were measured to know the species-habitat relationships using Canonical Correspondence Analysis (CCA). Results of the study revealed that the area is composed of 6 species of anurans namely: Rana magna, Hylarana signata, Polypedates leucomystax, Occidozyga laevis, Limnonectes Leytensis and Rhinella marina. It was found out that riparian area has the highest species richness and showed higher diversity index compared from the two areas. Based from CCA, it was found out that the area is composed of three (3) habitat types namely: forested; shrub land; and rocky area. Certain species of anurans were greatly associated according to the types where they are exposed. Several threats both man-made and natural-made have been identified that greatly affected the diversity of anuran species in the area.

| Views 42 |

Diversity of anuran species of the three different habitat types (Riparian, Agricultural and Residential) along the River of Barangay Mananum, Bag-o, Medina, Misamis Oriental, Philippines

Alcala Angel C, Brown Walter C. 1998. Philippine Amphibians an Illustration Field Guide.

Araújo MB, NoguésBravo D, DinizFilho JAF, Haywood AM, Valdes PJ, Rahbek C. 2008. Quaternary climate changes explain diversity among reptiles and amphibians. Ecography 31(1), 8-15.

Ascano CP, Albutra QB, Ansigbat VV, Mugot DA, Paz SL, Demayo CG. 2015. An inventory of anuran species within and outside the hydraulicking mining area. Advances in     Environmental Biology 9(25 SI), 32-38.

Ashton KG. 2002. Do amphibians follow Bergmann’s rule? Canadian Journal of Zoology 80(4), 708-716.

Bell KE, Donnelly MA. 2006. Influence of forest fragmentation on community structure of frogs and lizards in northeastern Costa Rica. Conservation Biology 20(6), 1750-1760.

Bertoluci J, Rodrigues MT. 2002. Seasonal patterns of breeding activity of Atlantic Rainforest anurans at Boracéia, Southeastern Brazil. Amphibia Reptilia 23(2), 161-168.

Briggs CJ, Vredenburg VT, Knapp RA, Rachowicz LJ. 2005. Investigating the Population‐Level Effects of Chytridiomycosis: An Emerging Infectious Disease of Amphibians. Ecology 86(12), 3149-3159.

Burgman MA, Lindenmayer DB. 1998. Conservation biology of the Australian environment. Surrey Beatty & Sons, New South Wales. [This book provides a general discussion of Australian environmental issues.]

Conservation International–Philippines. 2006. Priority Sites for Conservation in the Philippines: Key Biodiversity Areas. Department of Environment and Natural Resources-Protected Areas and Wildlife Bureau and Haribon Foundation. Quezon City Philippines.

Cui JG, Song XY, Fang GZ, Xu F, Brauth SE, Tang YZ. 2011. Circadian rhythm of calling behavior in the Emei music frog (Babina daunchina) is associated with habitat temperature and relative humidity. Asian Herpetological Research 2(3), 149-154.

Daszak P, Strieby A, Cunningham AA, Longcore JE, Brown CC, Porter D. 2004. Experimental evidence that the bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana) is a potential carrier of chytridiomycosis, an emerging fungal disease of amphibians.  Herpetological Journal 14, 201-208.

Davidson C, Knapp RA. 2007. Multiple stressors and amphibian declines: Dual impacts of pesticides and fish on yellow‐legged frogs. ecological Applications 17(2), 587-597.

Diesmos AC, Brown RM, Gee GV. 2004. Preliminary report on the amphibians and reptiles of Balbalasang-Balbalan national Park, Luzon Island, Philippines. Sylvatrop, the Technical Journal of Philippine Ecosystems and Natural Resources       13, 63-80.

Egan RS, Paton PW. 2004. Within-pond parameters affecting oviposition by wood frogs and spotted salamanders. Wetlands 24(1), 1-13.

Evans BJ, Brown RM, McGuire JA, Supriatna J, Andayani N, Diesmos A, Cannatella DC. 2003. Phylogenetics of fanged frogs: Testing biogeographical hypotheses at the interface of the Asian and Australian faunal zones. Systematic Biology 52(6), 794-819.

Heyer R, Donnelly MA, Foster M, Mcdiarmid R, (Eds.). 2014. Measuring and monitoring biological diversity: Standard methods for amphibians. Smithsonian Institution.

Hogan CM, Caley KJ, McGinley M. 2010. Causes of extinction. Encyclopedia of Earth, Washington, DC: Environmental Information Coalition, National Council for Science and the Environment, [Available at]

www. eoearth. org/article/Causes of extinction.

Kearney M, Phillips BL, Tracy CR, Christian KA, Betts G, Porter WP. 2008. Modelling species distributions without using species distributions: The cane toad in Australia under current and future climates.

Lavides M, Plantilla A, Mallari NA, Tabaranza Jr B, de la Paz B, Nozawa CM. 2004. Building support for and beyond protected areas in the Phillippines: A Haribon’s journey of transformations.  Communicating protected areas 46.

List IR. 2015. The IUCN red list of threatened species. Version 2014.3.

Lotz A, Allen CR. 2007. Observer bias in anuran call surveys. Journal of Wildlife Management 71(2), 675-679.

Morrison L, Lester B, Johnson N, Fredericksen J. 2000. Relative abundance and species richness of herpetofauna in forest stands in Pennsylvania. Forest Science 46(1), 139-146.

Nuňeza M, Olga. 2012. Photographic Guide to Amphibians and Reptiles of Mindanao Philippines.

Petranka JW, Murray SM. 2001.Effectiveness of removal sampling for determining salamander density and biomass: A case study in an Appalachian streamside community. J Herpetol 35, 3644.

Pimm SL, Ayres Balmford M, Branch A, Brandon G, others K. 2001. Can we defy nature’s end? Science 293:2207-2208. [A discussion on extinction.]

Real R, Vargas JM. 1996. The probabilistic basis of Jaccard’s index of similarity. Systematic biology 45(3), 380-385.

Rowe CL, Hopkins WA, Coffman VR. 2001. Failed recruitment of southern toads (Bufo terrestris) in a trace element-contaminated breeding habitat: Direct and indirect effects that may lead to a local population sink. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 40:399-405. [This study examines the effects of pesticides on amphibian survival].

Savage JM. 2002. The amphibians and reptiles of Costa Rica: A herpetofauna between two continents, between two seas. The University of Chicago Press.

Skelly DK, Freidenburg LK, Kiesecker JM. 2002. Forest canopy and the performance of larval amphibians. Ecology 83(4), 983-992.

Sullivan BK. 2005. Bufo punctatus. In: Lannoo, M.J. (Ed.), Amphibina Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species. University of California Press, Berkeley CA.

Urban M, Phillips BL, Skelly DK, Shine R. 2008. A toad more traveled: The heterogeneous invasion dynamics of cane toads in Australia.

Vitousek P M, Mooney HA, Lubchenco J, Melillo JM. 1997. Human domination of Earth’s ecosystems. Science 277: 494-499. [A discussion of habitat change and its effect on biodiversity.].

Wright SD, Gillman LN, Ross HA, Keeling DJ. 2010. Energy and the tempo of evolution in amphibians. Global Ecology and Biogeography   19(5), 733-740.

Naomi J. Cero, Edelyn B. Gonzales, Lord Elgin J. Ladera, Cordulo P. Ascano II, Gina C. Lacang.
Diversity of anuran species of the three different habitat types (Riparian, Agricultural and Residential) along the River of Barangay Mananum, Bag-o, Medina, Misamis Oriental, Philippines.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 11(5), 274-286, November 2017.
http://www.innspub.net/jbes/diversity-anuran-species-three-different-habitat-types-riparian-agricultural-residential-along-river-barangay-mananum-bag-o-medina-misamis-oriental-philippines/
Copyright © 2017
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update