International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Determination and analysis of informant consensus factor of medicinal plant species used as remedy in Northern Pakistan

By: Nazim Hassan, Deli Wang, Zhiwei Zhong, Mohammad Nisar, Yu Zhu

Key Words: Ethnomedicine, Consensus factor, Conservation status, Diseases, Pakistan

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 11(2), 117-133, August 2017.

Certification: jbes 2017 0050 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

In current quantitative ethno botanical research survey, ethno botanical knowledge of 62 plants species from 38 families was studied through semi-structured interviews and well-organized questionnaire from March 2012 to August 2015. Informants were knowledgeable elders, local authorities and development agents of different age class groups. The family percentage was observed as (Lamiaceae 15%), (Solanaceae 12%) and (Rosaceae 10%). The leading families were Lamiaceae, Solanaceae and Rosaceae. Habit wise the percentage of plant species observed as herb (59.6%), shrubs (25.8%) and trees (14.51%). Part used found as whole plant (45.16%) followed by fruit (16.13%), leaves (16.13%), bark (9.68%), root (4.84%), seed (3.23%), capsule (1.61%), flower (1.61%) and gum (1.61%). For the preparation of ethno medicines 67 randomly selected informants to include 47 male (70.14%) and 20 female (29.85%) followed by (34.32% illiterate) were interviewed to document ethno medicinal and sociocultural information. Out of total recipes preparation, the peoples of the locality use crushed (43.55%) followed by decoction (41.94%), extract (11.29%), original and paste (1.61%). On the basis of diseases categories, the fic value was high for anthelmintic (0.98. The survey determined P. sominiferum with FL value as 100%. DMR results showed that rank wise Olea ferroginea got first (24).Unwise harvesting and over grazing of plant species for medicinal and fuel wood purpose was found at peak level in research are a due to which medicinal flora is on the edge of extinction. Further exploratory trips, conservative strategies, inspective committees, awareness, and wise use of resources are highly needed.

| Views 41 |

Determination and analysis of informant consensus factor of medicinal plant species used as remedy in Northern Pakistan

Abbasi AM, Khan MA, Ahmad M, Zafar M, Khan H, Muhammad N, Sultana S. 2009. Medicinal plants used for the treatment of jaundice and hepatitis based on socio-economic documentation. African Journal of Biotechnology 8, 1643-1650.

Adnan SM, Khan AA, Latif A, Shiwari ZK. 2006. Threats to the sustainability of ethno-medicinal uses in northern Pakistan (a case study of Miandam valley, district swat, NWF province, Pakistan). Lyonia

a Journal of Ecology and Application 2, 11.

Ajaib M, Khan  Z, Khan N. 2010. Ethnobotanical studies on useful shrubs of district Kotli, Azad Jammu

& Kashmir, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 42, 1407-1415.

Ali H, Qaiser M. 2009. The ethnobotany of Chitral valley, Pakistan with  Particular reference to  medicinal plants. Pakistan Journal of Botany 41, 2009-2041.

Ali H, Sannai J, Sher H, Rashid A. 2011. Ethnobotanical profile of some plant resources in  Malam Jabba valley of Swat, Pakistan Journal of Medicinal Plants Research  4, 676-4687.

Awan MR, Iqbal  Z, Shah SM, Jamal Z, Jan G, Afzal M, Majid A, Gul A. 2011. Studies on traditional knowledge of economically important plants of Kaghan Valley, Mansehra District, Pakistan Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 5, 3 958-3967.

Badshah L, Hussain F. 2011. People preferences and use of local medicinal flora in district Tank, Pakistan Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 5, 22-29.

Bako S, Bakfur M, Jhon I, Bala EI. 2005. Ethnomedicinal and phytochemical profile of some savanna plant species in Nigeria. International Journal of Botany 1, 147-150.

Barkatullah B, Ibrar M. 2011. Plants profile of Malakand Pass Hills, District Malakand, Pakistan. African Journal of Biotechnology 10, 16521-16535. http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/AJB11.1258.

Bibi T, Ahmad M, Tareen RB, Jabeen R, Rehman SU, Sultana S, Zafar M, Yaseen G. 2014. Ethnobotany of medicinal plants in district Mastung of Balochistan province-Pakistan. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 157, 79–89.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2014.08.042

Canales M, Hernández T, Caballero J, Romo de Vivar A, Avila G, Duran A, Lira R. 2005. Informant consensus factor and antibacterial activity of the medicinal plants used by the people of San Rafael Coxcatlán, Puebla, México. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 97, 429–439.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2004.11.013

Carballo J, Hernandez I, Perez P, Garcia G. 2002. A comparison between two brine shrimp assays to detect in vitro cytotoxicity in marine natural products. BMC Biotechnology 2, 17.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1472-6750-2-17

Chellappandian M, Mutheeswaran S, Pandikumar P, Duraipandiyan V, Ignacimuthu S. 2012. Quantitative ethnobotany of traditional Siddha medical practitioners from Radhapuram taluk of Tirunelveli District, Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 143, 540-547.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2012.07.014

Cotton CM. 1996. Ethnobotany: Principles and Applications, 1 edition. ed. Wiley, Chichester ; New York.

Das AK, Dutta B, Sherma G. 2008. Medicinal plants used by different tribes of Cachar district, Assam. Indian Journal Of Traditional Knowledge 7, 446-454.

Durrani M, Hussain F. 2005. Ethnoecological profile of plants of Harboi rangeland, Kalat, Pakistan. International Journal of Biology and Biotechnology 2, 15-22.

Friedman J, Yaniv Z, Dafni  A, Palewitch D. 1986. A preliminary classification of the healing potential of medicinal plants, based on a rational analysis of an ethnopharmacological field survey among Bedouins in the Negev desert, Israel. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 16, 275-287.

Gary JM. 1995. Ethnobotany – A methods manual . |Springer.

Gedif T, Hahn H. 2003. The use of medicinal plants

in self care in rural central Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 87, 155–161.

Ghorbani  A. 2005. Studies on pharmaceutical ethnobotany in the region of Turkmen Sahra, north of Iran: (Part 1): General results. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 102, 58-68.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2005.05.035

Giday M, Asfaw Z, Woldu Z, Teklehaymanot T. 2009. Medicinal plant knowledge of the Bench ethnic group of Ethiopia: an ethnobotanical investigation. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 5, 34. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1746-4269-5-34.

Giday M, Teklehaymanot T, Animut A, Mekonnen Y. 2007. Medicinal plants of the Shinasha, Agew-awi and Amhara peoples in northwest Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 110, 516-525.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2006.10.011

Gilani SS, Abbas SQ, Shinwari ZK, Hussain F, Nirgis K. 2003. Ethnobotanical Studies of Kurram Agency, Pakistan Through Rural Community Participation. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 6, 1368-1375.

Hazrat A, Nisar M, Shah G, Ahmad S. 2011. Ethnobotanical study of some elite plants belonging to Dir, Kohistan valley, Khyber Pukhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 43, 787-795.

Heinrich M, Ankli A, Frei B, Weimann C, Sticher O. 1998. Medicinal plants in Mexico: healers’ consensus and cultural importance. Social Science & Medicine 47, 1859-1871.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0277-9536(98)00181-6

Ikram AU, Zahra NB, Shinwari ZK, Qaiser M. 2015. Ethnomedicinal review of folklore medicinal plants   belonging to family apiaceae of pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 47, 1007-1014.

Jan G, Khan MA, Fahatullah D, Zafar M. 2011.  Ethnobotanical studies on some useful plants of DIR  Kohistan Valleys, KPK, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of

Botany 43, 1849–1852.

Khan I, Abdelsalam NM, Fouad H, Tariq A, Ullah R, Adnan M. 2014. Application of Ethnobotanical Indices on the Use of Traditional Medicines against Common Diseases. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/635371

Lulekal E, Asfaw Z, Kelbessa E, Van Damme P. 2013. Ethnomedicinal study of plants used for human ailments in Ankober District, North Shewa Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 9, 63.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1746-4269-9-63

Mahmood A, Mahmood A, Shaheen H, Qureshi R, Sangi Y, Gilani S. 2011. Ethno medicinal survey of plants from district Bhim ber Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 5, 2 348-2360.

Mann A, Amupitan JO, Oyewale AO, Okogun JI, Ibrahim K, Oladosu P, Lawson L, Olajide I, Nnamdi A. 2008. Evaluation of in vitro anti mycobacterial activity of Nigerian plants used for treatment of respiratory diseases. African Journal of Biotechnology.

http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/AJB08.438

Martin GJ. 2004. Ethnobotany: A Methods Manual. Routledge, London ; Sterling, VA.

Mesfin K, Tekle G, Tesfay T. 2013. Ethnobotanical Study of Traditional Medicinal Plants Used  by Indigenous People of Gemad District, Northern Ethiopia. Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies 1, 32–37.

Mohamad S, Zin NM, Wahab HA, Ibrahim P, Sulaiman SF, Zahariluddin ASM, Noor SSM. 2011. Antituberculosis potential of some ethnobotanically selected Malaysian plants. Journal  of . Ethno pharmacology 133, 1021-1026.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2010.11.037

Muthu C, Ayyanar M, Raja N, Ignacimuthu S. 2006. Medicinal plants used by traditional healers in Kancheepuram District of Tamil Nadu, India. Journal

of Ethno biology and Ethno medicine 2, 43.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1746-4269-2-43.

Nahdi MS, Martiw IA, Arsyah DC. 2016. The ethnobotany of medicinal plants  in supporting the family health in  Turgo, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 17, 900-906.

Nath M, Dutta BK, Hajra PK. 2011. Medicinal Plants Used in Major Diseases by Dimasa Tribe of Barak Valley. Assam University Journal of Science and Technology 7, 18–26.

Nedelcheva A. 2013. An ethnobotanical study of wild edible plants in Bulgaria. Bulgaristan’daki Yenebilir Yabani Bitkiler Uzerine Etnobotanik Bir Calısma 7, 77-94.

http://dx.doi.org/10.5053/ejobios.2013.7.0.10

Noor MJ, Kalsoom U. 2011. Ethnobotanical studies of selected plant species  Of ratwal village, district attock, pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 43, 781–786.

Patwardhan B, Vaidya  ADB, Chorghade M. 2004. Ayurveda and natural products drug discovery. Current Science  86, 6.

Qureshi R. 2012. Medicinal flora of hingol national park,  Baluchistan, pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 44, 725-732.

Ragupathy S, Steven NG, Maruthakkutti M, Velusamy B, Ul-Huda M.M. 2008. Consensus of the “Malasars” traditional aboriginal knowledge of medicinal plants in the Velliangiri holy hills, India. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 4, 8.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1746-4269-4-8

Razaq A, Rashid A, Ali H, Hamad H, Islam M. 2010. Ethnomedicinal potential of plants of Changa  Valley district Shangla, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 42, 3463-3475.

Shah GM, Khan MA. 2006. Check List of Medicinal Plants of Siran Valley Mansehra-Pakistan.

Ethnobotanical Leaflets 10, 63–71.

Sher H, Khan ZD. 2005. In-situ protection management and conservation study of some medicinal plants. Yunnan Zhiwu Yanjiu China.

Shinwari ZK. 2010. Medicinal plants research in Pakistan. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 4, 161–176.

Shinwari ZK, Qaiser M. 2011. Efforts on conservation and sustainable use of   Medicinal plants of Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 43.

Shrivastava S, Kanungo VK. 2013. Ethnobotanical survey of surguja district with special reference to plants used by uraon tribe in treatment of respiratory diseases. International  Journal of Herbal  Medicine 1, 131–134.

Sridevi G, Gopkumar P, Ashok S, Shastry CS. 2008.Pharmacological basis for antianaphylactic, antihistaminic and mast cell stabilization activity of Ocimum sanctum. The Internet Journal of Pharmacology 7, 1.

Stewart RR. 1967. Check list of the plants of Swat state, northwest Pakistan. s.n.].

Tareen RB, Bibi T, khan MA, Ahmad M, Zafar M. 2010. Indigenous knowledge of folk medicine by the women of Kalat and Khuzdar regions of Balochistan, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany42, 1465-1485.

Nazim Hassan, Deli Wang, Zhiwei Zhong, Mohammad Nisar, Yu Zhu.
Determination and analysis of informant consensus factor of medicinal plant species used as remedy in Northern Pakistan.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 11(2), 117-133, August 2017.
http://www.innspub.net/jbes/determination-analysis-informant-consensus-factor-medicinal-plant-species-used-remedy-northern-pakistan/
Copyright © 2017
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update