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Characteristics of peat in the oil palm plantation environment

By: Ebsan Marihot Sianipar, Abdul Rauf, Pantas Simanjuntak, Pahala Lambok Laurensius Sianturi

Key Words: Characteristics, Peat, Oil palm plantations.

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 11(6), 114-122, December 2017.

Certification: jbes 2017 0148 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Peat’s characteristics research helps the farmers to map out the sites that will be planted with different treatments. Particularly, the changes that lead to degradation of peat lands are characterized by: decreased water holding capacity, increased soil acidity, decreased organic C-and N-total. This study aims to examine the change of peat characteristics in the area of oil palm plantations of generation I and generation II with observations on Piringan, Gawangan mati and Pasar pikul. A survey method was conducted in the Peat Palm Oil Plantation of Aek Korsik Village, Aek Kuo Sub-district, North Labuhan batu Regency with geographic position 2o22’36” – 2o26’04” North Latitude (NL) and 99o50’18” – 99o54’36” East Longitude (EL), altitude place 25 – 33 m above sea level. The sampling is site of the soil on the Piringan (a circle area under a certain diameter of palm oil), Gawangan mati (area that is used as the area of wood and shrubs) and Pasar pikul (roads used to deliver the harvested fruit palm) with a depth of 0-20 cm and 40 -60 cm. The results showed in second generation plants: lower pH, higher organic C-, lower N-total, lower CEC, lower BD and higher maximum water content. The result of t-test of the research showed that the C / N ratio was significantly different in Pasar pikul and very different in the Gawangan mati and the 0-20 cm depth of Piringan.

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Characteristics of peat in the oil palm plantation environment

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Ebsan Marihot Sianipar, Abdul Rauf, Pantas Simanjuntak, Pahala Lambok Laurensius Sianturi.
Characteristics of peat in the oil palm plantation environment.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 11(6), 114-122, December 2017.
http://www.innspub.net/jbes/characteristics-peat-oil-palm-plantation-environment/
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