International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Assessment of the effect of major anthropogenic factors and current conservation status of indigenous vegetation in degraded rangeland of Cholistan desert, Pakistan

By: Sohail Akram, Tanveer Hussain, Muhammad Safeer, Muhammad Abdullah, Rashid Iqbal, Muhammad Saqlain Zaheer, Muhammad Waseem

Key Words: Vegetation, Anthropogenic factors, Conservation status

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 11(5), 237-250, November 2017.

Certification: jbes 2017 0117 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Assessment of Anthropogenic factors and current conservation status of indigenous flora of Cholistan desert is the main aim of this study. Questionnaire based survey; key informant interviews, direct observation and group discussion were used for data collection from ten range sites. 62 range species which belongs to 47 genera and 24 families were identified which includes 06 species of trees, 14 species of shrubs, 3 species of subshrubs, 20 species of herbs,1 species of sedge and 18 species of grasses. Family importance index showed that Poaceae is most dominant family with 18 species followed by Aizoaceae, Chenopodiaceae, and Mimosaceae having 4 species each. By Raunkiaerian life form, recognized species were found as therophytes (37%), phanerophytes (26%), chamaephytes (19%), hemicryptophyte (16%) and cryptophyte (2%) respectively. Anthropogenic factors showed that 07 species (11.29%) were exploited by all four factors (TW, FW, M, F), 13 species (20.91%) were exploited by three factors (FW, M, F), 18 species (29.03%) were exploited by two factors (M,F) and 24 species (38.7%) were exploited by single factor (F). Grazing is main cause of floral degradation. Conservation status of indigenous vegetation in current findings revealed that 11 species (17.74%) were found as “Least Concern”, 22 species (35.48%) were found as “Near Threatened” 20 species (32.48%) were found as “Vulnerable”, 7 species (11.29%) were found as “Endangered” and 2 species (3.22%) were found as “Critically Endangered”. It is concluded that the vegetation of Cholistan is in pressure due to deforestation, removal of medicinal plants and overgrazing. The vegetation cover is at edge of extinct from the whole rangeland. Conservation of Cholistan flora is highly recommended for future generations.

| Views 28 |

Assessment of the effect of major anthropogenic factors and current conservation status of indigenous vegetation in degraded rangeland of Cholistan desert, Pakistan

Abdi OA, Glover EK, Luukkanen O. 2013. Causes and Impacts of land Degradation and Desertification: Case study of the Sudan. International Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 3(2), 40-51.

Abdullah M, Khan RA, Yaqoob S, Ahmad M. 2013. Community structure of browse vegetation in Cholistan rangelands of Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Agriculture and Sciences 50, 237- 247.

Ahmad S, Wariss HM, Alam K, Hussain T, Luqman M, Altaf S. 2017.
Phytosociological studies of biodiversity park derawar fort, cholistan desert, Bahawalpur, Pakistan. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences 11(1), 165-178.

Akbar G, Arshad M. 2000. Developing sustainable sterategies for Cholistan desert: opportunities and perspectives. Science Vision 5, 77-85.

Akbar G, Khan TN, Arshad M. 1996. Cholistan desert, Pakistan. Rangelands 18(4), 124-128.

Akhtar R, Arshad M. 2006. Arid Rangelands in Cholistan Desert (Pakistan). Scheresse 17, 1-18.

Ali SI, Nasir YJ. (Eds.). 1989-1992. Flora of Pakistan. Islamabad, Karachi. Nos.191-204.

Ali SI, Qaiser M. (Eds.). 1993-2007. Flora of Pakistan. Islamabad, Karachi. No. 191-215.

Ali SI, Qaiser M. 1995–2004. Flora of Pakistan. Pakistan Agriculture Research Council, Islamabad.

Arshad M, Akbar G. 2002. Benchmark of plant communities of Cholistan desert. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 5, 1110-1113.

Arshad M, Ashraf M, Arif N. 2006. Morphological variability of Prosopis cineraria (L.) Druce, from the Cholistan desert, Pakistan. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 53(8), 1589-1596.

Arshad M, Hassan AU, Ashraf MY, Noureen S, Moazzam M. 2008. Edaphic factors and distribution of vegetation in the Cholistan desert, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 40(5), 1923-1931.

Arshad M, Rao AR. 1994. Flora of Cholistan desert (Systematic list of trees, shrubs and herbs). Journal of Economic Taxonomy and Botany 18(3), 615-625.

Arshad M, Rao AR. 1995. Phytogeographical divisions of Cholistan desert. Proceedings of the sixth all Pakistan Geographical Conference (December 2629, 1993). Department of Geography, Islamia University, Bahawalpur.

Ashraf MYSS, Morsy AA, Mossallam HA, Abd Al-Latif AH. 2009. Vegetation Analysis along Alamain-Wadi El-Natrun Desert Road. Austrian Journal of Basic Applied Sciences 3, 167-176.

Donaldson JS, Mills A, O’farrell P, Todd S, Skowno A, Nanni I. 2003. Conservation Farming with biodiversity in South Africa; A preliminary evolution of ecosystem goods and services in the Bokkeveld Plateau. In: Conserving Biodiversity in Arid Regions, Ed. Lamons, J, R. Victor and D. Schaffer. Kluwer academic Publishers.

Dregne H. Kassas M, Rosanov B. 1991. A new assessment of the world status of desertification. Desert Control, Bull 20, 6-29.

Durrani MJ, Hussain F. 2005. Ethnoecological profile of plants of Harboi rangeland, Kalat, Pakistan. International Journal of Biology and Biotechnology 2(1), 15-22.

Durrani MJ, Razaq A, Muhammad SG, Hussain F. 2010. Floristic diversity, ecological characteristics and ethnobotonical profile of plants of aghberg rangelands, Balochistan, pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Plant Sciences 16(1), 29-36.

Durrani MJ. 2000. Ecological evaluation of some Rangeland plants of Harboi Hills, Kalat, Balochistan. PhD Thesis, Department of Botany, University of Peshawar.

Farooq U, Samad HA, Sher F, Asim M, Khan MA. 2010. Cholistan and Cholistani breed of cattle. Pakistan Veterinary Journal 30(2), 126-130.

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). 2016. Rangelands of Pakistan Current status, threats and potential. Final version FAO.

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). 1993. Cholistan Area Development Project. Report No. 59/53 ADB-PAK 58 (Final version). Rome FAO.

Franklin J, Hiernaux GH. 1991. Estimating foliage and woody biomass in Sahelian and Sudanian woodlands using a remote sensing model.  International Journal of Remote Sensing 12, 1387-1404.

Hameed M, Chaudhry AA, Man MA, Gill AH. 2002. Diversity of plant species in Lal-suhanra National Park, Bahawalpur, Pakistan. Journal of Biological Sciences 2, 267-274.

Hiernaux P. 1994. The crisis of Sahelian pastoralism: ecologic or economic? International Livestock Centre for Africa: Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (Mimeo).

Iqbal M, Farooq U, Bashir A, Khan NA, Malik SZ. 2000. A Baseline Survey for the Development of Livestock Sector in Cholistan, Joint Publication of AERU, AARI Faisalabad.

IUCN. 2001. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1. IUCN Species Survival Commission, IUCN. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge UK 2, 30.

Jafari Z, Kianian MK, Aslani F, Akbarlo M. 2016. Floristic Composition, Life Forms and Geographical Distribution (Case Study: Lashgardar Rangelands of Malayer, Iran). Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 9, 140-148.

Kapoor KS, Singh R. 1990. Life forms and biological spectrum of the temperate grasslands with varying biotic pressure in Shimla hills, Himachal Pradesh. Range Management and Agroforestry 11, 109-114.

Kim YS. 2006. Conservation of plant diversity in Korea. Landscape and Ecological Engineering 2(2), 163-170.

Lund HG. 2007. Accounting for the World’s Rangelands. Rangelands 29(1), 3-10.

Mannetje L. 2002. Global issues of rangeland management. Department of Plant Sciences, Wageningen University. URI: www.date/hu/acta-agraria/2002-08i/mannetje.pdf.

McCullough BD, Heiser DA. 2008. On the accuracy of statistical procedures in Microsoft Excel 2007. Computational Statistics and Data Analysis 52, 4570-4578.

Mitchell JE, Joyce LA. 2000. Applicability of Montreal Process biological and abiotic indicators to rangeland sustainability: introduction. The International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology 7(2), 77-80.

Mueller-Dumbois, Ellenberg. 1974. Aims and methods of vegetation ecology. John wiley and sons, New York.

Nasir E, Ali SI. 1970-1979. Flora of West Pakistan. Ed. Islamabad, Karachi. No. 1-131.

Nasir E, Ali SI. 1971–1994.Flora of Pakistan. Pakistan Agriculture Research Council, Islamabad.

Naz N. 2011. Adaptive components of salt tolerance in some grasses of Cholistan desert, Pakistan. PhD Thesis, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad.

Noureen S, Arshad M, Mahmood K, Ashraf MY. 2008. Improvement in fertility of nutritionally poor sandy soils of Cholistan desert, Pakistan by Calligonum polygonoides Linn. Pakistan Journal of Botany 40, 265-274.

Qureshi M, Bhatti GR, Shabbir G. 2011. Floristic inventory of Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University research farm at Koont and its surrounding areas. Pakistan Journal of Botany 43, 1679-1684.

Qureshi R, Ahmad M. 2010. Some notes on the vegetation of Achhro Thar (White desert) of Nara region, Sindh, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 42, 2985-2994.

Rafay M, Abdullah M, Hussain T, Nawaz F, Ruby T, Akram M. 2015. An assessment of edaphic factors and grass diversity in Cholistan desert Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Agriculture Sciences 52, 755-765.

Rafay M, Khan RA, Yaqoob S, Ahmad M. 2013. Floristic composition of grass species in the degrading rangelands of Cholistan desert. Pakistan Journal of Agriculture Sciences 50, 599-603.

Raunkiaer C. 1934. The life forms of plants and statistical geography. Clarendon Press Oxford 623.

Reynolds JF, Smith DMS, Lambin EF. 2007. Global desertification: building a science for dryland development. Science 316, 847-851.

Society for Range Management (SRM). 2005. Rangelands and Global Change. Society for Range Management, Wheat Ridge, CO. Accessed (4 November, 2013). Available at: URI: www.rangelands.org

Stewart RR. 1972. An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir (Flora of West Pakistan), Fakhri Printing Press Karachi.

Wariss HM, Mukhtar M, Shazia A, Bhatti GR, Pirzada SA, Alam K. 2013. Floristic Composition of the Plants of the Cholistan Desert, Pakistan, American Journal of Plant Sciences 4, 58-65.

Wariss HM, Saeed AP, Alam K, Anjum S, Qureshi R. 2014. Flora of Lal Suhanra National Park, Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 46(4), 1331-1341.

Wariss HM, Wang H, Saeed A, Alam K. 2015. Taxonomic studies of trees of the cholistan desert, Pakistan. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences 6(1), 1-8.

Xueli C, Halin Z. 2003. Plant production and diversity at desertification stages in Horqin Sandy grassland region, China. In: Conserving Biodiversity in Arid Regions (Eds.): Lamons, J., R. Victor and D. Schaffer. Kluwer academic Publishers.

Sohail Akram, Tanveer Hussain, Muhammad Safeer, Muhammad Abdullah, Rashid Iqbal, Muhammad Saqlain Zaheer, Muhammad Waseem.
Assessment of the effect of major anthropogenic factors and current conservation status of indigenous vegetation in degraded rangeland of Cholistan desert, Pakistan.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 11(5), 237-250, November 2017.
http://www.innspub.net/jbes/assessment-effect-major-anthropogenic-factors-current-conservation-status-indigenous-vegetation-degraded-rangeland-cholistan-desert-pakistan/
Copyright © 2017
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update