International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Effect of pH, Temperature and biomass on biosorption of heavy metals by Sphaerotilus natans

By: P. Ashokkumar, V. Meena Loashini, V. Bhavya

Key Words: Copper, Lead, Chromium, Bioremediation, Biosorption

Int. J. Micro. Myco. 6(1), 32-38, July 2017.

Certification: ijmm 2017 0005

Abstract

Microbial remediation is a technique of eradication of hazardous substances that is organic and inorganic xenobiotic substances and also heavy metals from the environment with the help of microbes. Industrializations have increased in the concentration of heavy metals that is cadmium, lead, iron, copper, chromium. The biosorption by S. natans was carried out for three different heavy metals: copper, chromium, lead. Various physical and chemical factors affect the sorption capacity by the microorganisms. The pH for the removal of heavy metals at 7.0 was Cu (48%), Pb (75%) and Cr (52%). Optimum temperature for the removal of heavy metals was at 37°C. Maximum sorption was observed, Cu (58%), Cr (60%) and Pb (82%).

| Views 22 |

Effect of pH, Temperature and biomass on biosorption of heavy metals by Sphaerotilus natans

Aravind J, Ligi Elizabeth George, Mariya Thomas, Kanmani P, Muthukumaran P. 2015. Biosorption of chromium using Aspergilus towneri and R. eutropha. Research in Biotechnology 6(3), 1-9.

Daghistani HAl. 2012. Bioremediation of Cu, Ni and Cr from Rotogravue wastewater using immoobilized, dead and live biomass of indigenous thermophillic Bacillus sp. The Intern Journal of Microbiology 10(1),1-10.

Esposito A, Pagnanelli F, Lodi A, Solisio C, Vegliò F. 2001. Biosorption of heavy metals by Sphaerotilus natans: an equilibrium study at different pH and biomass concentrations. Hydrometallurgy 60, 129-141.

Fourest E, Roux CJ. 1992. Heavy metal biosorption by fungal mycelial by-products: mechanisms and influence of pH. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol 37(3), 399-403.

Jayanthi M, Kanchana D, Saranraj P, Sujitha D. 2013. Bioremediation of toxic heavy metal chromium in tannery effluent using bacteria. Applied Journal of Hygiene 2(2), 8-14.

Kumar, Ashok, Bisht BS, Joshi VD. 2010. Biosorption of heavy metals by four accimilated microbial species, Bacillus sp, Pseudomonas sp., Staphylococcus sp and Aspergillus niger. Journal of Environmental Sciences 5(12), 97-108.

Lopez A, Lazaro N, Priego JM, Marques AM. 2000. Effect of pH on the biosorption of nickel and other heavy metals by Pseudomonas fluorescens 4F39. Journal of Indian Microbiology and Biotechnology 24,146-151.

Mahbubar Rahman Khan, Mihir Lal Saha, Nahmina Begum, Mohammad Nurul Islam, Sirajul Hoque. 2010. Isolation and characterization of bacteria from rusted iron materials. Bangladesh. J. Bot 39(2), 185-191.

Marina Seder- Colomina, Guillaume Morin, Krim Benzerara, George ona- Nguema, Jean-Jacques Pernelle, Giovanni Espocito, Eric D Van Hullebusch. 2013. Sphaerotilus natans, a neutrophilic iron related sheath forming bacterium: perspectives for metal remediation 11, 411-432.

Raja Rajeshwari, Namburu Sailaja. 2014. Impact of heavy metals on environmental pollution, National Seminar on Impact of Toxic Metals, Minerals and Solvents leading to environmental pollution. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences 3, 175-181.

Ritixa Patel, Monika Chandel. 2013. Effect of pH and temperature on the biosorption of heavy metals by Bacillus licheniformis. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) 2319-7064.

Saleh M, Garni AL. 2005. Biosorption of lead by gram negative capsulated and non- capsulated bacteria. Water SA 31(3), 345-350.

Schmidt T, Schlegel HG. 1994 Combined nickel-cobalt-cadmium resistances encoded by the ncc locus of Alcaligens xylosoxidans 31A. Journal of Bacteriology 7054-7054.

Sultan S, Hasnain S. 2007. Reduction of toxic hexavalent chromium by Ochrobactrum intermedium strain SDCr-5 stimulated by heavy metals. Bioresource technology 98(2), 340-344.

Tarangini K, Gyana R, Satpathy R. 2009. Optimization of heavy metal biosorption using attenuated cultures of Bacills subtilis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Journal of Environmental research and Development 3(3), 677-684.

Tatiana Gisset P, Va´squez, Ana Elisa C, Botero, Luciana Maria S, de Mesquita, Maurı´cio Leonardo Torem. 2007. Biosorptive removal of Cd and Zn from liquid streams with a Rhodococcus opacus strain. Minerals Engineering 20, 939-944.

Thacker U, Parikh R, Shouche Y, Madamwar D. 2007. Reduction of chromate by cell-free extract of Brucella sp. isolated from Cr (VI) contaminated sites. Bioresource Technology 98(8), 1541-547.

Valentine V, Umrania. 2006. Bioremediation of toxic heavy metals using acidothermophilic autotrophes. Bioresource Technology 97, 1237-1242.

Yuan HP, Zhang JH, Lu ZM, Min H, Wu C. 2009. Studies on biosorption equilibrium and kinetics of cadmium by Streptomyces Sp K33 and HL-12. Journal of Hazardous Materials 164, 423-431.

Yu-Chun QN, Guan Xia-Hui, Rong YN, Wang Lrwen, de-Zhou WEI. 2005. Preliminary research on cadmium removal from waste water by Sphaerotilus natans. Applied Journal of Microbiology 21(6), 654-657.

Zakaria ZA, Surif S, Ahmad WA. 2007. Hexavalent chromium reduction by Acinetobacter haemolyticus isolated from heavy-metal contaminated wastewater. Journal of Hazardous Materials 146(1-2), 30-38

P. Ashokkumar, V. Meena Loashini, V. Bhavya .
Effect of pH, Temperature and biomass on biosorption of heavy metals by Sphaerotilus natans.
Int. J. Micro. Myco. 6(1), 32-38, July 2017.
http://www.innspub.net/ijmm/effect-ph-temperature-biomass-biosorption-heavy-metals-sphaerotilus-natans/
Copyright © 2017
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update