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Water use efficiency and solute transport under different furrow irrigation treatments

By: Tahir Muhammad, Mei Zhu, Nazir Ahmed Bazai

Key Words: Alternate Furrow Irrigation, Climatic Conditions of Planted Area, Solute Transport in the Shallow Root Zone, Water Saving, Crop Water Productivity.

Int. J. Biosci. 10(1), 356-367, January 2017.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/10.1.356-367

Abstract

Traditional irrigation methods like basin irrigation, border irrigation, and furrow irrigation are commonly employed around the world to irrigate crops,wherethe entire soil surface is almost flooded without giving due consideration to the conservative use and water requirements of the crop. Alternate furrow irrigation (AFI)can save water and result in high grain yield with low irrigation costs, particularly in arid and semi-arid areas. However, despite of this,in several regions of the world,everyfurrow irrigation(EFI) method has been substitutedby AFI.To substantiate this view, field experimentswere conducted during the summer season of 2016 in the experimental field of Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei, China.We investigated the impact of AFIversus EFI on crop (okra)yield, water use efficiency (WUE), performance under the climatic conditions of Anhui (Hefei), irrigation water productivity, and solute transport in the shallow root zone.When irrigation was employed through furrows using AFI or EFI,our results indicated that the total irrigation water use in AFI was lower (370mm/ha)thanEFI (534mm/ha), resulting in 40–43% water savingfrom usingthe AFI method. We conclude that AFI is a significantly betterway to save water in arid and semi-arid areas where okra production relies heavily on repeated irrigation.

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Water use efficiency and solute transport under different furrow irrigation treatments

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Tahir Muhammad, Mei Zhu, Nazir Ahmed Bazai. 2017. Water use efficiency and solute transport under different furrow irrigation treatments. Int. J. Biosci. 10(1), 356-367.
http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/10.1.356-367
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