International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Vermicompost application improves yield and quality of table grapes var. king’s ruby (Vitis vinifera)

By: Muhammad Javed, Khalid Saifullah Khan, Muhammad Akmal, Khalid Mahmood Qureshi

Key Words: Vermicompost, Yield, Quality, Table grapes, King’s ruby

Int. J. Biosci. 10(1), 152-164, January 2017.



A field experiment was carried out to check the effect of vermicompost application on the yield and quality of table grapes variety King’s Ruby. Vermicompost (VC) was prepared by earthworm species Eisinia fetida using cow dung and sugarcane filter cake in the ratio 4 to 1. VC was applied alone (1,2 and 3 tons ha-1), and with NPK (1/3 recommended dose), to compare their effect with NPK (100-150-850) kg h-1 and control (no addition of vermicompost or fertilizers) during the years 2012-13. Each treatment was consists of four plants with three replications. Each line was considered as block. The design was RCBD. Different yield and quality parameters of table grapes like berry weight, bunch weight, yield, total soluble solids, reducing sugars, non-reducing sugars, ascorbic acid, protein, titratable acidity and total soluble solids ratio titratble acidity (TSS: TA) were studied. In the first year 2012 of study, the bunch weight differed significantly amongst the treatments being highest under NPK (full recommended dose), followed by vermicompost (3 tons + NPK 1/3 recommended dose per ha-1) and lowest in the control. In the year 2013, however the data recorded varied non-significantly among the treatments but exhibited the same trend as of the last year 2012. In case of yield the difference between highest (NPK) and untreated was 3.10 kg while 2.73 kg between (VC 3ton + 1/3 NPK) and untreated plants.

| Views 45 |

Vermicompost application improves yield and quality of table grapes var. king’s ruby (Vitis vinifera)

Agriculture statistics of Pakistan. 2010-2011. Government of Pakistan; Statistic division, Pakistan Bearue of Statistics; Islamabad Pakistan.

Andreas DP. 2009. Nutrient composition of leaves and fruit juice of grapevine as affected by soil and nitrogen fertilization. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 172, 557-564.

AOAC. 1990. Official methods of analysis, 15th ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemistry, Arlington, Virginia USA.

Arancon NQ, Edwards CA, Atiyeh RM, Metzger JD. 2004. Effects of vermicompost produced from food waste on greenhouse peppers. Bioresource Technologyl 93, 139-144.

Arancon NQ, Edwards CA, Bierman P, Metzger JD, Lucht C. 2005. Effects of vermicompost produced from cattle manure, food waste and paper waste on growth and yield of peppers in the field. Pedobiolgia 49, 297-306.

Arancon NQ, Edwards CA, Bierman P, Metzger JD, Welch C. 2004. Influence of vermicomposts on field strawberries: 1. Effect on growth and yields. Bioresource Technology 93, 145-153.

Arancon NQ, Edwards CA, Bierman P. 2005. Influences of vermicomposts on field strawberries: Part 2. Effects on soil microbiological and chemical properties. Bioresource Technologyl 97, 831-840.

Arshad M, Frankenberger WTJr. 1993. Microbial Production of Plant growth Regulators. pp: 307. In: Soil Microbial Ecology; Application in Agricultural and Environmental Management. (Eds.) F.B. Metting Jr, Marcell Decker New York USA.

Athani SI, Hulamanai NC, Shirol AM. 1999. Effect of vermicomposts on the maturity and yield of banana. South Indian Horticulture 47, 4-7.


Bhargava BS, Raghupathi HB. 2001. Soil and plant diagnostic norms of perlette grape. Haryana Journal of Horticulture Sciencesi 30(3-4), 165-167.

Blidariu C, Sala F, 2012. Influence of organic and mineral fertilization on sugar content in Italian Riesling grape variety. Journal of Horticulture Forestary and Biotechnology 16, 251-254.

Buckerfield JC, Webster KA. 1998. Worm worked wastes boosts grape yield: Prospects for Vermicompost use in vineyards. Australia and Newzealand Wine Industry Journal 13, 73-76.

Celia MC, Fidelous MW, Crisosto CH. 2007. Application of abscicic acid (ABA) at verraison advanced red color development and maintained post-harvest quality of “Crimson Seedless’ grapes; Postharvest and Technology 46, 237-241.

De-Bertoldi M, Vallini G, Pera A. 1983. The biology of composting: A review, Waste Management and Research 1, 157-176.

Devi D, Agarwal SK, Dayal D, 1998. Response and sunflower (Helianthus annus) to organic manures and fertilizers. Indndian Journal of Agronomy 4, 469-473.

Dhillon WS, Bhat ZA. 2011. Fruit Ripening- Biochemistry, Physiology and Regulation. In: Fruit Tree Physiology. WS Dhillon, ZABhat. (Eds.) Narendra Publishing House, Delhi, India.

Dhillon WS, Gill PPS. 2011. Physiology of fruit ripening. pp: 305-322 In: The Science of Hort.

Doberi A, Gita A, Cristea T, Sfectu A. 2009. The influence of soil maintenance system on vigour, quantity and production quality of some grape varieties for wine. Journal of Horticure, Forestry and Biotechnology 13, 197-200.

Dong L, Zhou HW, Sonega L, Lers A, Lurie S. 2001. Ripening of “Red Rosa” plums: effect of ethylene and 1-methylcyclopropane. Australlian Journal of Plant Physiology. 28, 1039-1045.


Edwards CA, Arancon Q, Shermon RH. 2008. Vermiculture Technology; Earthworms organic wastes and Environmet Magment. CRC press, Boca Raton FL.

Edwards CA, Dominguez J, Arancon NQ. 2004. The influence of vermicomposts on plant growth and pest incidence pp. 396-420 In S.H. Shakir, and W.Z.A. Mikhail, (Eds.). Soil zoology in sustainable development in the 21st century, El, Cairo, Egypt.

Edwards CA. 1983. Utilization of earthworm composts as plant growth media pp. 57-62.

Edwards CA. 1988. Earthworm Ecology. Lewis Publ., Boca Raton FL.

Ferrara G, Brunetti G. 2008. Foliar application of humic acids Vitis vinifera L. cv Italia. Journal Intl Sci Vigne Vin 42, 79-87.

Frankenberger JR, Arshad M. 1995. Phytohormones in Soils: Microbial production and Function. Marcel Deckker Pub, New York.

Gryndler M, Larsen J, Hrselova HH, Kubat J. 2006. Organic and mineral fertilization, Respectively, increase and decrease of internal mycelium of Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in a long term field experiment. Mycorrhiza 16, 159-166.

Hans YSH. 1992. The guide book of food chemical experiments, Pekin Agricultural University Press Pekin.

Hargreaves JC, Sina MA, Warm PR, Vasantha Rupasing HP. 2008. The effect of organic amendments on mineral uptake and fruit quality of raspberries: Plant of Soil 308, 213-226.

Henry F, Nguyen C, Patersson E, Sim A, Robin C. 2005. How does nitrogen availability alter rhizodeposition in Lolium multiflorum during vegetative growth. Plant Soil 269-291.

Horwitz W. 1960. Official and tentative methods of analysis. 9th edition, Association of Official Agricultural Chemists, Washington D.C. 314-320.

Joergensen RG, Raubusch M. 2005. Determination of adenylates and adenylate energy charge. Pp. 5, 299-304 In: Manual of Soil Analysis- monitoring and assessing soil bioremediation, R. F. Margesinhe. (Ed). Soil Biology.

Kliekamp B, Joergensen RG. 2006. Evaluation of Arbuscular mycorrhiza with symbiotic and nonsymbiotic pea isoline at three sites in the Alentijo, purtugal. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 169, 661-669.

Mrinal S, Rajkhowa DJ, Saikia M. 1998. Effect of planting density and vermicomposts on yield of potato raised from seedling tubers. J. Ind Potato Asso 25, 141-142.

Murakar SR, Tayade AS, Bodhade SN, Ulemale RB. 1998. Effect of vermicomost on mulberry leaf yield. Journal of Soil and Crops 8, 85-87.

Nenthra, NN, Jayaprasad KV, Kale RD. 1999. China aster [Callistephus chinensis (L.) Ness] cultivation using vermicomposts as organic amendment. Crop Research Hisar. 17, 209-215.

Orozco SH, Cegarra J, Trujilo LM, Roig AA. 1996. Vermicomposting of coffee pulp using the Earthworm eisina foetida: Effect on C and N contents and availability of nutrients. Biology and Fertility of Soils 22. 1113-1114.

Patil MP, Humani NC, Athani SI, Patil MG. 1998. Response of new genotype Megha to integrated nutrient management. Advances Agriculture Research in India  9, 39-42.

Peppi MC, Fidelibus MW, Nookozolian N. 2008. Abscicic Acid Application timing and concentration affects firmness, pigmentation, and color of Flame seedless grapes. International Journal of Fruit Science 41(6), 1440-1445.

Reeve JR, Carpenter-Bogs L, Reganold JP, York AL, McGourty LPG, McCloskey LP. 2005. Soil and wine garpe quality in biodynamic ally and organically managed vineyards. American journal of enology and viticulture 56, 367-376.

Sánchez-Sánchez A, Sánchez-Andreu JM, Juárez J, Jordá and Bermúdez D. 2002. Humic substances and amino acids improve effectiveness of chelate FeEDDHA in lemon trees. Journal of Plant Nutrition 25, 2433-2442.

Schloter M, Batch HJ, Metz S, Sehy U, Munch JC. 2003. Influence of precision farming on microbial community structure and functions in nitrogen turn over. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 98, 295-304.

Sinha RK, Heart S. 2012. Organic farming: producing chemical free, nutritive and protective food for society while also protecting the farm soil by earthworms and vermicompost- reviving the dreams of Sir Charles Darwin. Agriculture Science Research Journal 2(5), 217-239.

Steel RGD, Torrie JH, Dickey DA. 1997. Principles and procedures of Statistics: A Biometrical Approach. 3rd edition. New York: the McGraw-Hill Companies Inc.

Tomati U, Grappelli A, Gall E. 1987. The presence of growth regulators in earthworm-worked wastes. In: on Earthworms. A.M. Bonvicini Paglioi, and P. Omodeo (Eds) Proceedings of International Symposium on Earthworms. Selected Symposia and Monographs, Unione Zoologica Italiana, 2, Mucchi, Modena pp. 423-435.

Usenik V, kastelec D, Stampar F. 2005. Physicochemical changes of sweet cherry fruits related to application of gibberellic acid. Food Chemistry 96, 663-671.

Ushakumari K, Prabhakumai P, Padmaja P. 1999. Efficiency of vermicompost on growth and yield of summer crop okra (Abelmoscus esculentus Moench). Journal of Tropical Agriculture 37, 87-88.

Vasantha D, Kumaraswami K. 1999. Efficacy of vermicompost to improve soil fertility and rice yield. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science 47, 268-272.

Venkatesh PB, Patil S, Patil CV, Giraddi RS. 1998. Effect of in situ vermiculture and vermicomposts on availability and plant concentaration of major nutrients in grapes. Karnatka Journal of Agriculture Science       11, 117-121.

Vercasi A. 2000. Concimi organic a terrano e foliage in Vitis culture. L’ informatore Agrario 6, 83-89.

Wang D, Shi Q, Minwei X, Hu J. 2010. Influence of cow manure vermicompost on the growth, metabolic contents, and anti-oxidant activities of Chinese cabbage (Brassica campestris). Biology and fertility of soils 46, 689-696.

Werner M, Cuevas R. 1996. Vermiculture in Cuba. Biocycle. Emmaus, PA., JG Press 37, 61-62.

Whale D, Singh L, Bebouduian MH, Janes J, Dhaliwal SS. 2008. Fruit quality in Crip’s Pink’ apple, especially color, as affected by preharvest sprays of amino ethoxy-vinyl glycine and ethephone. Scientia Horticulterea 115(5), 342-35.

Wrostad RE, Durst W, Lee J. 2005. Tracking color and pigment changes in anthocyanin  products. Trends Food Science& Technology 16, 423-428.

Zende GK, Ruikar SK, Joshi SN. 1998. Effect of Application of Vermicomposts along with chemical fertilizer on sugar cane and juice quality. Indian Sugar 48, 357-369.

Zucconi F, De Bertoldi M. 1987. Composting specifications for production and characterization of compost from MSW. In comost: Production Quality and Use, ed. M., and De Bertoldi, M. P. Ferranti, P.L Hermite, F. Zucconi, 30-50. Elsevire Applid Science Lond.

Muhammad Javed, Khalid Saifullah Khan, Muhammad Akmal, Khalid Mahmood Qureshi. 2017. Vermicompost application improves yield and quality of table grapes var. king’s ruby (Vitis vinifera). Int. J. Biosci. 10(1), 152-164.
Copyright © 2017
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
innspub logo
english language editing
    Publish Your Article
    Submit Your Article
Email Update