Traditional, medicinal and food uses of Pteridophytes of district Mansehra (Pakistan) and their some adjacent areas
By: Alia Gul, Jan Alam, Habib Ahmad, Ghulam Mujtaba Shah, Manzoor Hussain, Yunus Dogan, Khallil-Ur-Rahman
Key Words: Ethnobotany, Pteridophytes, Medicinal, Mansehra, Pakistan
Int. J. Biosci. 9(5), 116-133, November 2016.
Mansehra is one of the floristically rich and most varied districts of Pakistan, gifted with plentiful pteridophytes diversity. Various ethnic communities residing in district Mansehra and its adjacent localities exhibits unique tradition, dialect and culture. They collect pteridophytes from the wild especially for medicinal purposes, general healthcare, food uses and to meet daily life requirements. An inventory survey was conducted in order to assess the traditional uses of pteridophytes by the local inhabitants of the study area. Ethno botanical information and Ornamental potential of the taxa of wild pteridophytes was documented through field trips during 2013-2014. First-hand Information and data was collected through structured questionnaire and in-depth interviews were conducted from the natives in the hilly regions. A univariate level of analysis of the collected data such as percentage and frequency distribution was performed. 60 taxa are traditionally used, distributed in 16 families, and 26 genera. This figure meets about 32 % of the total known pteridophytes taxa of Pakistan. 56 taxa (93.34%) are widely used as medicines while 55 taxa having ornamental potential and may be cultivated for commercial purpose. 15 taxa are of great economic values i.e. a good source of vegetables and bio fertilizers. Our study concluded that, elders of the area have more knowledge than youngers in the population, an ethno medicinal practice of pteridophyte species by various indigenous people for treating various diseases and food use is prominent and may be considered as potential source for pharmaceutical industries to prepare new drugs to fight against various diseases.