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Study on various control techniques to suppress the intensity of cocoa pod borer (Conopomorpha cramerella Snell) attacks in the field

By: Abdul Wahab, Irma Kresnawaty, Teguh Wijayanto

Key Words: Cocoa pod borer, Control techniques, Percentage and intensity of CPB attacks, Yield loss

Int. J. Biosci. 10(5), 257-264, May 2017.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/10.5.257-264

Abstract

Cocoa Pod Borer (CPB) is a major cause of cocoa yield loss in Indonesia. The purpose of this study was to examine various control techniques to suppress the intensity of CPB pest attacks in the field. The study was based on a Randomized Block Design (RBD) with five treatments. The treatments were: without spraying or cloaking (control) (M0), spraying with biokaolin every 2 weeks (M1), spraying with biokaolin every 4 weeks (M2), cloaking with a plastic bag (M3), and spraying with pesticides deltamethrin every 2 week (M4). Research variables included the percentage of CPB attacks, the intensity of CPB attacks and yield loss per 100 dry beans. The effect of the four control techniques was significantly different from that of the control treatment (M0), which had 80.01% attacks. The results showed that the treatment of cloaking fruit with plastic (M3) and spraying biokaolin every 2 weeks (M1) resulted in a light attack category. Both treatments provided a lower yield loss as compared to treatments of spraying biokaolin every 4 weeks (M2) and the pesticide spraying once a fortnight (M4), which were classified as moderate attacks, and the treatment without cloaking and spraying (M0) was classified as a severe attack category. Cloaking fruits with plastic, and biokaolin applications every two weeks were effective in suppressing CPB attacks, while the percentage of yield loss can be saved was around 80% from the controls.

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Study on various control techniques to suppress the intensity of cocoa pod borer (Conopomorpha cramerella Snell) attacks in the field

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Abdul Wahab, Irma Kresnawaty, Teguh Wijayanto.
Study on various control techniques to suppress the intensity of cocoa pod borer (Conopomorpha cramerella Snell) attacks in the field.
Int. J. Biosci. 10(5), 257-264, May 2017.
http://www.innspub.net/ijb/study-various-control-techniques-suppress-intensity-cocoa-pod-borer-conopomorpha-cramerella-snell-attacks-field/
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