International network for natural sciences – research journal
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Response of African corn lily to various planting depth and distance

By: Fawad Naeem, Gohar Ayub, Gulzar Ullah, Mohammad Ilyas, Asmat Karim, Mohammad Asad Hussain, Farzana Begum, Imran Habib Khan

Key Words: African corn lily, Planting depth, Planting distance.

Int. J. Biosci. 8(5), 105-111, May 2016.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/8.5.105-111

Abstract

An experiment was conducted to study the effect of planting depth and planting distance on the growth and production of African corn lily at Horticulture Farm, University of Agriculture Peshawar, Pakistan during the year 2012. The experiment was laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with split plot arrangement. Corms were planted at various depths 5, 7.5 and 10 cm and plant to plant distance of 10, 15 and 20 cm. Minimum days first floret opening (74.38) was recorded at 5 cm depth while depth of 7.5 cm gave the highest number of florets spike-1 (10.85) and diameter of daughter corms (2.37 cm). Maximum spike length (23.30 cm) was obtained at 10 cm depth which is not significantly different from spike length (22.46 cm) recorded at 7.5 cm depth while the shortest spike (19.57 cm) was obtained at 5 cm depth. Maximum number of florets spike-1 (11.31) and diameter of daughter corms (2.34 cm) was obtained at 20 cm width which are at par with number of florets spike-1 (10.33) and diameter of daughter corms (2.19 cm) recorded at 15 cm width. Also the lengthiest spike (23.47 cm)and earliness in first floret opening (75.55) was recorded at 20 cm. Combined effect of 5 cm deep and 20 cm wide plantation resulted in earliness of first floret opening (68.13). Planting depth of 7.5 cm and planting distance of 15 cm is recommended for better growth and production of African corn lily in Peshawar.

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