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Removal of chloride salinity by aluminium, sodium and zinc compounds: impacts on water quality, survival and growth of Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Fry

By: Ayesha Arif, Kashifa Naghma Waheed, Muhammad Zafarullah Bhatti, Nasreen Akhtar Khan

Key Words: Aluminium hydroxide, Aluminium nitrate, Sodium acetate, Zinc nitrate, Chloride removal

Int. J. Biosci. 11(1), 404-416, July 2017.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/11.1.404-416

Certification: ijb 2017 0045

Abstract

The present study was conducted to remove chloride salinity from fish ponds because it is toxic to fish at concentrations of less than 0.05 mg/L. There are numerous methods currently employed to remove chloride from ponds. Use of chemicals is one of the alternatives for chloride removal. Experiment was conducted to remove chloride using Aluminium hydroxide, Sodium acetate, Aluminium nitrate and Zinc nitrate chemicals. The effect of various physico-chemical parameters of water has been investigated. The explanation of chloride removal by using these chemicals has also been supported by examining the survival and growth rate of fish. An increase in the values of physico-chemical parameters was observed except hardness which was decreased from its initial level. Zinc nitrate was found the most efficient in removing chlorides then Aluminium hydroxide and Aluminium nitrate while Sodium acetate the least efficient one. For fish survival and growth rate Aluminium hydroxide was found the most effective and Zinc nitrate the least effective one.

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Removal of chloride salinity by aluminium, sodium and zinc compounds: impacts on water quality, survival and growth of Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Fry

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Ayesha Arif, Kashifa Naghma Waheed, Muhammad Zafarullah Bhatti, Nasreen Akhtar Khan.
Removal of chloride salinity by aluminium, sodium and zinc compounds: impacts on water quality, survival and growth of Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Fry.
Int. J. Biosci. 11(1), 404-416, July 2017.
http://www.innspub.net/ijb/removal-chloride-salinity-aluminium-sodium-zinc-compounds-impacts-water-quality-survival-growth-hypophthalmichthys-molitrix-fry/
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