International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Productivity of maize through salt tolerant Rhizobia strains under salt stress conditions

By: Shahab Ahmad Khosa, Zahir A Zahir, Khalid Saifullah Khan

Key Words: Inoculation, Maize, Rhizobia strains, Salinity

Int. J. Biosci. 11(1), 204-211, July 2017.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/11.1.204-211

Certification: ijb 2017 0024

Abstract

A study was conducted to investigate the potential of Rhizobia to improve the growth and productivity of maize under saline conditions. Maize seeds were inoculated with four pre-isolated Rhizobia strains (CRI-34, CRI-29, S-43 and LSI-25) along with un-inoculated control. Two salinity levels (6 dSm-1 and 12 dS-1) along with original EC maintained in the pots using NaCl salt. Maize seeds were sown in the pots. Results indicated that Rhizobia has the potential to induce salt tolerance in plants under saline stress conditions. Significant increase in growth and yield of maize was recorded. Among the Rhizobia strains LSI-25 performed better in almost all the yield and growth parameters. Under LSI-25 inoculated seeds, 35% increase in growth and yield was recorded followed by S-43 with 24%, CRI-29 with 14% and CRI-34 with 11%. Rhizobia strains increased the crop growth and yield by maintaining the nutrient balance in maize plants.

| Views 41 |

Productivity of maize through salt tolerant Rhizobia strains under salt stress conditions

Arshad M, Frankenberger, Jr WT. 2012. Ethylene: Agricultural Sources and Application. Kluwer Academic Publishers, New York.

Ashraf MY, Khan AH, Azmi A.R. 2004. Cell membrane stability and its relation with some physiological process in wheat. Acta. Agron. Hung    4, 183-191.

Ben Romdhane SM, Aouani M, Trabelsi De Lajudie P, Mhamdi R. 2008. Selection of high nitrogen fixation rhizobia for semi-arid Tusinia. Journal of Agronomy Crop Science 194(6), 413-420.

Cazorla FMD, Romero A, Perez-Garcia BJJ, Lugtenberg, de Vicente A, Bloemberg G. 2007. Isolation and characterization of antagonistic Bacillus subtilis strains from the avocado rhizoplane displaying biocontrol activity. J. Appl. Microbiol 103, 1950-1959.

Csonka LN, Hasnon AD. 1991. Prokaryotic osmoregulation: genetic and physiology. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol 45, 569-606.

Duncan DB. 1955. Multiple range and multiple F tests. Biometrics 11, 1-42.

Giller KE. 2001. Nitrogen fixation in tropical cropping systems. Cabi Wallingford.

Gratten S, Grieve CM. 1999. Salinity-mineral nutrient relations in horticultural crops. Sci. Hort   78, 127-157.

Hamdia MA, Shaddad MAK, Doaa MM. 2004. Mechanism of salt tolerance and interactive effect of Azospirillum bransilense inoculation on maize cultivars grown under salt stress conditions. Plant Growth Regul 44, 165-174.

Han HS, Lee KD. 2005. Physiological responses of soya been-inoculation of Brady rhizobium japonicum with PGPR in saline soil conditions. Research Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences 1, 216-221.

Hoflich G. 2004. Colonization and growth promotion of non-legumes by Rhizobium bacteria. In: p. 827-830. Microbial Biosystems: New Frontiers. C.R. Bell, M. Brylinsky and P. johnson-Green (eds.). Proc. of the 8th Int. Symp. on Microbial Ecology. Atlantic Canada Soc. Microbial Ecol., Halifax Canada.

Kantar F, Elkoca E, Ogutcu H, Algur OF. 2003. Chickpea yields in relation to Rhizobium inoculation from wild chickpea at high altitudes. J. Agron. Crop Sci 189, 291-297.

Kennedy AC. 2005. Rhizosphere. P. 242-262. In: D.M. Sylvia, J.J. Fuhrmann, P.G. Hartel and D.A. Zuberer (Eds.), Principles and Applications of Soil Microbiology, 2nd Ed. Pearson Prentice Hall: Upper Saddle River NJ.

Maathuis FJ, Verlin MD, Smith FA, Sander D, Fernandez JA, Walker NA. 1996. The physiological relevance of Na-coupled K-transport. Plant Physiol 112, 1609-1616.

Mayak S, Tirosh T, Glick BR. 2004. Plant growth-promoting bacteria confer resistance in tomato plants to salt stress. Plant Physiol. Biochem 42, 562-575.

Nadeem SM, Zahir ZA, Naveed M, Arshad M, Shahzad SM. 2006. Variation in growth and ion uptake of maize due to inoculation with plant growth promoting rhizobacteria under salt stress. Soil Environ 25, 78-84.

Oğutcu H, Algur OF, Elkoca E, Kantar F. 2008. The determination of symbiotic effectiveness of Rhizobium strains isolated from wild chickpea collected from high altitudes in Erzurum. Turk .J. Agric. For 32, 241-248.

Sairam RK, Tyagi A. 2004. Physiology and molecular biology of salinity stress tolerance in plants. Curr. Sci 86, 407-421.

Steel RGD, Torrie JH, Dicky DA. 1997. Principles and Procedures of statistics-A Biometrical Approach (3rd Ed.) Mc Graw-Hill Book International Co. Singapore.

Winicov I. 1998. New molecular approaches to improving salt tolerance in crop plants. Ann Bot.    82, 703-710.

Yap SF, Lim ST. 1983. Response of Rhizobium sp. UMKL 20 to sodium chloride stress. Arch. Microbiol 135, 224-228.

Shahab Ahmad Khosa, Zahir A Zahir, Khalid Saifullah Khan.
Productivity of maize through salt tolerant Rhizobia strains under salt stress conditions.
Int. J. Biosci. 11(1), 204-211, July 2017.
http://www.innspub.net/ijb/productivity-maize-salt-tolerant-rhizobia-strains-salt-stress-conditions/
Copyright © 2017
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update