Prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum in Abs, Hajjah Governorate Northwest Yemen
By: Bushra Hussain Shnawa, Ali Ali Al-Ezzi, Gamal Hasan Abed, Mohamed Bassam Al-Salahy, Ahmed Mohamed Mandour, Mervat Mohamed
Key Words: Malaria, Plasmodium falciparum, Prevalence, Endemic, Symptoms.
Int. J. Biosci. 9(1), 59-71, July 2016.
Plasmodium falciparum malaria is the most common infection and endemic disease in Yemen. This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of P. falciparum malarial disease among patients in Abs region, Hajjah Governorate, Yemen from September 2013 to May 2014. Both thick and thin films were made and stained using Giemsa stain. Blood smears of 1528 cases out of 8434 individuals showed malarial parasites in their blood, the overall prevalence percentage was 18.1%. Male subjects were more infected (18.17%) compared to females (18.04%). Incidence of falciparum malaria was higher in winter in comparison to other seasons. The infection mostly occurred in age groups of five to fourteen years old. Regarding the symptoms, patients showed fever (100%), followed by chills (89.8%), headache (85.4%) and vomiting (54.7%). Lack of health care in rural regions of study area in addition to delay of treatment had an impact on the further injury and increase the clinical symptoms associated with disease.