International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Pollen approach and evolution of the floristic biodiversity of the humid and salty zone of the Fetzara lake (Northeast of Algeria)

By: Zahra Djamai, Djamila Belouahem, Tarek Hamel, Mohamed Benslama

Key Words: Surface pollen, Transect, Vegetation, Salinity, Fetzara lake

Int. J. Biosci. 11(4), 1-14, October 2017.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/11.4.1-14

Certification: ijb 2017 0122 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The study of pollen grain deposits in two transects of Fetzara lake (North/East of Algeria) was confronted with the floristic environment cover. This study required an inventory of vegetation (264 species) supported by archival documents (ancient botanical studies) and pollen analyzes (86 taxa). A total of 12 surface pollen samples was collected, then, chemically treated according to the standard method. Percentages of pollen were calculated in all samples. The results have showed that the current deposits palynomorphes in lake surface sediments reflect the regional vegetation of the watershed. The differential distribution indicates a dominance of non-arboreal pollen (52%) represented by the Asteraceae, Poaceae and Asphodelaceae on two transects. This reflects the current state of the vegetation cover, further, the presence of Alnus probably comes from the wet complex Guerbès Sanhadja, while that of Pinus, Quercus and Pistacia come from the bushes and the degraded subery of the Edough. The dominance of halophyte species such as Suaeda maritima L. and Salsola soda, as well as pollen from Chenopodiaceae, confirms the salinity of the environment. The richness of the site of aquatic and semi-aquatic vegetation such as Typha domingensis (Pers.) Steudel, Juncus acutus L. and Myriophyllum verticillatum L. indicates the existence of water less than a wet period in the site. The study also showed the presence of a large amount of damaged pollen, probably related to poor conservation conditions and especially the moisture and desiccation phenomena that prevail on the surface of the soil.

| Views 310 |

Pollen approach and evolution of the floristic biodiversity of the humid and salty zone of the Fetzara lake (Northeast of Algeria)

Adi N, Amrani S, Hirche A, Boughani A, Nedjraoui D. 2016. Diversité biologique et phytogéographique pour des niveaux différents de salinité dans la région du Chott-Ech-Chergui (Sud/Ouest de l’Algérie). Revue d’Ecologie (Terre et Vie), 71 (4),14-42.

AJCI. 1985. Etude de faisabilité d’un projet d’aménagement agricole de la région périphérique du lac Fetzara. Agence Japonaise de Coopération Internationale, Annexes A et B, 150 p. + 72 p.

Bakker JP, Dijkstra M,  Russchen PT. 1985.Dispersal, germination and early establishment of halophytes and glucophytes on agrazed and abandoned salt-marsh gradient. New phytologist 101, 291-308.

Barreto  CF, Vilela CG, Batista N, Barth OM. 2012.Spatial distribution of pollen grains and spores in surface sediments of Guanabara Bay, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Annals of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences 84(3), 627-643.

Belouahem-Abed D, Belouahem F, Benslama

M, de Bélair G, Muller SD.  2011. Les aulnaies de Numidie (Nord-Est algérien): Biodiversité  floristique, vulnérabilité et conservation. Compte-Rendu Académie des Science, Paris, 334, 61–73.

Benett KD. 1986. Competitive interactions among forest tree populations in Norfolk, (England) during the last 10.000 years. New Phytologist 103,603-620.

Bos D, Bakker JP, de Vries Y, Van Lieshout S. 2002. Long-term vegetation changes in experimentally grazed and ungrazed back-barrier marshes in the wadden Sea. Applied Vegetation Science 5, 45-54.

Boulos L1991.Notes on Suaeda Forsk. ex Scop. Studies in the Chenopodiaceae of Arabia. Kew Bulletin 46, 291-296.

Bourgon-Desroches M. 2010. Evaluer le niveau d’intégrité écologique de la végétation d’un marais: le cas du marais de la pointe aux Epinettes, parc national du Bic. Ecole Sup. Aménag. Territoire et Dévelop. Régional, Université Laval, Quebec, 67 p.

Braun-Blanquet J. 1932.Plant sociology. The study of plant communities. Ed. Mc Gray Hill, New York, 439 p.

Campbell ID. 1991, Experimental mechanical destruction of pollengrains. Palynology15,29-33.

Chaves SAM, Luz CFP, Ribeiro M, Scheel R, Vicentini KRF. 1992. Sugestoes para padronizacao da metodologia empregada para estudos palinologicos do Quaternario. Rev. Inst. Geol. Sao Paulo 13, 47-49.

Chehma A, Djebar MR, Hadjadji F, Rouabeh L. 2005. Étude floristique spatio- temporelle des parcours sahariens du Sud-Est algérien. Sécheresse 16, 275-285.

Chenchouni H. 2012, Diversité floristique d’un lac du Bas Sahara Acta algérien. Botanica Malacitana 37, 33-44.

Cheverry C, Robert M. 1998. La dégradation des sols irrigués et de la ressource en eau.  Une menace pour l’avenir de l’agriculture et pour l’environnement des pays au sud de la  Méditerranée. Etude et Gestion des Sols 5(4), 217-226.

CPCS. 1967. Classification française des sols. Institut national de recherche agronomique, Paris, 87 p.

Daoud Y, Halitim A. 1994. Irrigation et salinisation au Sahara algérien. Sécheresse 5, 151-160.

Davis CP, Fall PL. 2001. Modern pollen precipitation from an elevational transect in central Jordan and its relationship to vegetation. Journal of biogeography 28, 1195-1210.

Djamai R. 2007. Contribution à l’étude de la salinité des sols et des eaux du système endoréique du lac Fetzara (Nord-Est algérien). Approche géochimique et évolution spatio-temporelle des phénomènes. Thèse de Doctorat en Sciences Agronomiques, Institut National Agronomique,  Alger, 167 p.

Dobignard A, Chatelain C. 2010-2013. Index synonymique et bibliographique de la flore d’Afrique du Nord. Ed. Conservatoire et Jardins Botaniques, Genève. 1-5, 2236 p.

Durand JH. 1950. Premiers résultats de l’étude des sols du lac Fetzara. Doc. inédit, Service des étude scientifique. Alger, 112p. + Carte.

Faure E. 2012.‘Hautes  terres’: l’anthropisation des monts d’Aubrac et  du  Lévezou  (Massif  Central, France) durant l’holocène: approche palynologique des dynamiques socio- environnementales en moyenne montagne. Thèse de Doctorat en Géographie et aménagement,  Université de Toulouse II, le Mirail, 312 p.

Faurel  L. 1947.Flore du Lac Fetzara.  Doc. Inédit,

Service des étude  scientifique. Alger.

Braun-Blanquet J. 1932, Plant sociology. The study of plant communities. Ed. Mc Gray Hill, New York, 439 p.

Favre E, Escarguel G, Suc JP, Vidal G, Thévenod L. 2008. A contribution odeciphering the meaning of AP/NAP withrespecttovegetationcover.ReviewofPaleobotanyandPalynology148, 13-35.

Gaillard MJ. 2007.Pollen methods and studies. Archaeological applications. Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science, 2570-2595.

Gaffarel P. 2004. L’Algérie : histoire, conquête et colonisation: 1883. Ed. Jaques Gandini, Paris, 190 p.

Galop D. 1998. La forêt, l’ hommeet letroupeaudans les Pyrénées. 6000 ansd’histoireentreGaronne et Méditerranée. GEODE-Laboratoired’ écologieterrestre-FRAMESPA, Toulouse leMirail, 285 p.

Gérard de Bélair. 1982-2008.

www.herbier GDB inédit.

Hamel T. 2013. Contribution à l’étude de l’endémisme chez les végétaux vasculaires dans la péninsule de l’Edough (Nord-Est algérien). Thèse Doctorat, Université Badji Mokhtar Annaba, Algérie, 283 p.

Hamel T, Seridi R, de Bélair G, Slimani R, Babali B. 2013. Flore vasculaire rare et endémique de la péninsule de l’Edough (Nord-Est algérien). Synthèse, Revue des Sciences et de la Technologie, Université Annaba, 26, 65-74.

Hamel T, Boulemtafes A.  2017. Floristic diversity of the Cap de Garde (North-East Algeria). International Journal of Biosciences 10(6), 131-149.

Hatvany MG. 2003. Marshlands: Four centuries environmental change on the shores of the St Lawrens. Les Presses de l’Université Laval, Saint–Foy, Canada, 99 p.

Ibncherif  H. 2012.  Etude bio-géochimique en tourbière : paléoclimat et pollution anthropique. Cas du complexe humide de Guerbès-Sanhadja. Thèse de Doctorat, Université Badji Mokhtar Annaba, Algérie, 128 p.

Jackson ST. 1990. Pollen source are a and representation in small lakes of the Northeastern United States. Review of Paleobotany and Palynology, 63, 53-76.

Jacobson GL, Bradshaw RHW. 1881.Theselectionof sites for paleovegetational studies. Quaternary Research 16, 80-96.

Jalut G. 1991. Lepollen, traducteurdepaysageagraire. In: Guilaine J., Pourunearchéologieagraire. Ed. Armand Colin, Paris, 345-368 p.

Jensen A. 1985, The effect of cattle and sheep grazing on salt-marsh vegetation of skallingen, Denmark. Vegetation 60, 37-48.

Ketfi  L. 1998. Etudeae´ropalynologiquedelarégiond’ El- Hadjar. Me’moirede Magister, Universite’ Badji Mokhtar, Annaba, 123p.

Kiehl K, Eischeid I, Gettner S., Walter J. 1996. Impact of different sheep grazing intensities on salt marsh vegetation in northen Germany. Journal of vegetation Science 7, 99-106.

Liphschitz N, Gophna R, Hartman M, Biger G. 1991. The beginning of olive (Oleaeuropaea) cultivation in the Old World: Areassessment. Journal of ArchaeologicalScience,18, 441-453.

Luz CFP, Barth OM, Silva CG. 2005. Spatial distribution of paly no morphs in the surface sediments of the Lagoa do Campelo lake, Northregion of Riode Janeiro State, Brasil.ActaBotamicaBrasilica19 (4), 741-752.

Maire R. 1952-1987. Flore de l’Afrique du Nord (Maroc, Algérie, Tunisie, Tripolitaine, Cyrénaïque et Sahara).  Vol. 1-16, Ed. Paul Lechevalier Paris, 5559 p.

Malo JE, Suarez F. 1995. Etablishment of pasture spicies on cattle dung: the role of endozoochorous seeds. Journal of Vegetation Science 6, 169-174.

Ouattara NK, Louppe D. 1998. Influence du pâturage sur la dynamique de la végétation ligneuse en Nord Côte d’Ivoire. Séminaire: Aménagement Intégré des Forêts Naturelles des Zones Tropicales Sèches en Afrique de l’Ouest, Ouagadougou, Burkina Fasso, 16(21), 1998, 12 p.

Pignatti S. 1982. Flora d’Italia. Vol. 1-3, Ed. Edagricole Bologna, Italia, 2302 p.

Quézel P, Santa S.  1962-1963. Nouvelle flore d’Algérie et des régions désertiques méridionales. Ed. CNRS, Paris 1(2), 1170 p.

Reille M. 1992-1998. Pollen set sporesd ‘Europeetd’ Afriquedu Nord. At las photographique, Laboratoire de Botanique Historiqueet Palynologique, CNRS, Marseille, 1260 p.

Reille M, Lowe JJ. 1993. Are-evaluatio nofthe vegetation history of the eastern Pyrenees (France) from the end of the last glacial to the present. Quaternary Science Reviews,12, 47-77.

Reille M, Andrieu V. 1995. The late Pleistocene and Holocene in the Lourdes basin, Western Pyrenees   (France): new pollen   analytical and   chronological  data.  Vegetation   History   and Archeobotany, 4, 1-21.

Salgado-Labouriau ML. 2001. Reconstruindoas comunidades vegetais e o clima no passado. Revista Humanidades, 48, 24-40.

Schroder HK, Kiehl K, Stock M. 2002.Directional  and non-directional vegetation changes in a temperate salt marsh in relation to biotic and abiotic factors. Applied Vegetation Science 5, 33-44.

Stebich M, Brochmann C, Kulbe T, Negendank JFW. 2005. Vegetation history, human impact and climate changeduringthelast700yearsrecorded in annually laminated sediments of lac Pavin, France. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology,133,115-133.

Subba-Reddi C, Reddi NS. 1986. Pollen production in some anemophilous angiosperms. Grana, 25, 55–61.

Sugita S, Gaillard MJ, Broström A. 1999. Landscape sopennessandpollenrecords: asimulation approach. The Holocene 9(4), 409-421.

Tessier M, Vivier JP, Ouin A, Gloaguen JC, Lefeuvre JC. 2003. Vegetation dynamics and plant spicies interactions under grazed and ungrazed conditions in a western European salt marsh. Acta Oecologica 24, 103-111.

Toledo MB, Barros MA, Barth OM. 1994. Contribuição apalinologia dalagoa Salgada, Riode Janeiro. In: VIII Reuniãode Paleobotanicos ePalinolocos, Boletim de Resumos, São Paulo,81 p.

Travers L. 1958. La mise en valeur du lac Fetzara. Annales de Géographie 67(361), 260-262.

TysonRV.1995. Sedimentary Organic Matter. Ed. Chapmanand Hall, London, 614p.

Wilmshurst JM, Mc GloneMS.2005.Originofpollen and spores insurface  lake Sediments: Comparison of modern palynomorph as semblagesinmosscushions, surface soils and surface lake sediments. Review of Paleobotany and Palynology, 136,1-15.

Ybert JP, Salgado-Laboriau ML, Barth OM, Lorscheitter ML, Barros MA, N’Klo ZoharyM.

  1. Geobotanical foundation of the Middle East. Ed. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, 739 p.
Zahra Djamai, Djamila Belouahem, Tarek Hamel, Mohamed Benslama.
Pollen approach and evolution of the floristic biodiversity of the humid and salty zone of the Fetzara lake (Northeast of Algeria).
Int. J. Biosci. 11(4), 1-14, October 2017.
http://www.innspub.net/ijb/pollen-approach-evolution-floristic-biodiversity-humid-salty-zone-fetzara-lake-northeast-algeria/
Copyright © 2017
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update