International network for natural sciences – research journal
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Performing of agronomic characters of M6 of local rice mutant lines of South Kalimantan

By: Raihani Wahdah, Gusti Rusmayadi, Rahmi Zulhidiani

Key Words: Agronomic characters, Local rice, Mutant lines.

Int. J. Biosci. 9(6), 114-124, December 2016.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/9.6.114-124

Abstract

To increase productivity and rice cropping index in South Kalimantan, it is necessary to plant short-lived and high yielding are generated through plant breeding.. The purpose of this study was to evaluate some agronomic characters of M6 of mutant lines. The experiment consisted of 50 of M6 mutant lines and 3 control by Randomized Block Design in Sungai Rangas Hambuku Village, Martapura Barat District, Banjar Regency, South Kalimantan Province, Indonesia. The variables analyzed were plant age, plant height, number and length of panicle, number of filled and empty grains per panicle, percentage of empty grains, grains weight per panicle, weight of 1000 grains, and yield. If the analysis of variance significantly different, then followed by least significant difference (LSD) test with only compare each M6 of mutant line with every control. There are M6 of mutant lines that have the character better than control. Plant height and age of all M6 of mutant lines classified as short namely ranged from 90.48 cm .- 100.70 cm for plant height and 111.00 – 115.00 days after seeding for plant age. The yields ranged from 3.83 t ha-1 – 6.03 t ha-1, while the yields of Bestari, Inpara-2, and Cantik were 5.06 t ha-1, 6.79 t ha-1 and 3.09 t ha-1respectivily.

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