International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

An overview of insect-pest and diseases management in rice crop for outreach interventions

By: Umair Talib, Ijaz Ashraf, Khalid Mahmood Chaudhary, Riaz Ahmad

Key Words: Weed, Insect, Disease management, Rice, Sustainable farming.

Int. J. Biosci. 11(5), 86-92, November 2017.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/11.5.86-92

Certification: ijb 2017 0133 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is feeding more than half of the world’s population. It is cultivated in almost 114 developing countries for food, income and employment generation. Ninety percent share of rice production is contributed by the Asian countries including Pakistan where rice production is continuously dwindling subject topoor insect pest and diseases management. This study is an effort to underpin an overview of insect-pest and diseases management in rice crop and document feasible outreach solutions for the revival of rice production in the country. For the in-depth analysis, a sample of 342 rice growers was drawn from 2,365 registered rice growers. Data were collected through validated interview schedule followed by observations and focus group discussions techniques. Findings of the research summarized that chemical management of insects’ pests and diseases of the rice crop was most preferred mode despite excessive application of chemicals is endangering the environment. Conversely, biological control which is environmentally friendly was perceived poorly preferred mode by the respondents. Findings stressed on the persistence of wide information gapamong farming communities regarding environmental safety which is direly needed to be overcome through diversified outreach services by public and private sector with the collaboration of research and extension. This holistic collaboration could pave the way toward sustainable farming supportive to a safe environment.

| Views 41 |

An overview of insect-pest and diseases management in rice crop for outreach interventions

Akhtar M. 2014. Introduction to rice research institute, kala shah kaku. Available at: . (Accessed on March 17, 2015).

http://www.aari.punjab.gov.pk/institutessections/rice-research-institute

Arshad M, Suhail A. 2007. Factors influencing the adoption of BT cotton in Punjab, Pakistan. Journal of Agriculture and Social Sciences. 3(4), 121-124.

Badir A, Akhter M. 2014. Glimpses of Rice Research Institute Kala Shah Kaku, Pakistan.

Bakhash K, Hussain I,  Maqbool A. 2005. Factors Affecting Cotton Yield: A Case Study of Sargodha (Pakistan).  Journal of Agriculture and Social Sciences.1(4), 17-24.

Banjo AD, Lawal OA, Fapojuwo OE, Songonuga EA. 2003. Farmers’ knowledge and perception of horticultural insect pest problems in southwestern Nigeria. African Journal of Biotechnology 2(11), 434-437.

Crop Reporting Service Punjab. 2015. The district-wise rice estimates for 2013-14. Available at:

(Accessed on Jan 11, 2015).

http://www.crs.agripunjab.gov.pk/rice_estimate

FAO. 2013. Expert consultation on yield gap and productivity decline in rice production, Rome,Itlay. (Accessed on February, 2015).

www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/field/commrice/session/53.htm.

Fitz-Gibbon CT, Morris LL. 1987. How to Design a Program Evaluation. Newburry Park, CA: Sage Publications.

Government of Pakistan. 2015. Economic Survey of Pakistan. Economic Advisor’s Wing, Finance Division, Islamabad.

Hussain Z, Munsif F, Shah SIA, Gul B, Khan N, Kakar S, Ahmad A. 2012. Assessment of Weed Problems in Wheat Crop of Peshawar Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Weed Science Research. 18(3), 357-366.

Kamran M. 2004. A study into the gap between research recommendations & adoption level of farmers regarding sugarcane crop production technology in Toba Take Singh District. M.Sc. (Hons.) Thesis, Department of Agri. Extension Univ. of Agri., Faisalabad.

Kamruzzaman M, Hiroyuki T. 2007. Capacity building of the vegetable and rice farmers in Bangladesh: JICA intervention. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture 3(31), 145-161.

Kamruzzaman M, Hiroyuki T. 2008. Determination of capacity building by life stage for the farmers in Bangladesh. Nature and Science Journal 6(4), 8-15. Available at http://www.sciencepub.org

NIAB. 2015. Rice Research Programmes.Plant Breeding & Genetic Division. Available at www.niab.org.pk

PARC, 2008. National seminar on rice quality & head recovery affected by harvesting, threshing & milling practices at Gujranwala.

Raza A. 2010. The factors responsible for low yield of cotton crop in tehsil DG Khan district DG Khan. M.Sc. (Hons.) Thesis, Department of Agri. Ext. Univ. of Agri., Faisalabad.

Rehman S. 2003. Environmental impacts of modern agricultural technology diffusion in Bangladesh: an analysis of farmers perceptions and their determinants. Journal of Environmental Management 68(2), 183-191.

Saifullah M. 2007. Assessment of communication gap regarding mango production technology among the farmers of tehsil Muzaffargarh. M.Sc. (Hons.) Thesis Department of Agri. Extension Univ. of Agri., Faisalabad.

Schlosser TC. 1999. Local realities and structural constraints of agricultural health: pesticide poisoning of Jamaican small-holders. Thesis (M.S.), Department of Geography, Faculty of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Blacksburg, Virginia.

TDAP. 2014. List of countries importing rice from  Pakistan.Available at (Accessed on March 17, 2015).

www.tdap.gov.pk

USDA, 2014. World rice trade (milled basis):  Exports and imports of selected countries or regions Available at www.fas.usda.gov

World Bank. 2011. Agricultural extension and research: achievements and problems in national systems. Available at: (Accessed on Jan 11, 2015).

http://Inweb18.worldbank.Org/oed.

Yasin M. 2009. An evaluation of extension work conducted by pesticide companies in tehsil MianChannu district Khanewal. M.Sc. (Hons.) Thesis, Department of Agri. Ext. Univ. of Agri., Faisalabad.

Zeigler RS. 2006. Rice research for poverty alleviation and environmental sustainability in Asia. Los Banos (Philippines): International Rice Research Institute. Available at.

www.niaes.affrc.go.jp/sinfo/sympo/h18/20061212/pdf/s3_zeigler.pdf

Umair Talib, Ijaz Ashraf, Khalid Mahmood Chaudhary, Riaz Ahmad.
An overview of insect-pest and diseases management in rice crop for outreach interventions.
Int. J. Biosci. 11(5), 86-92, November 2017.
http://www.innspub.net/ijb/overview-insect-pest-diseases-management-rice-crop-outreach-interventions/
Copyright © 2017
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update