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Nasal Carriage of Staphylococcus aureus and Methicillin-Resistant S. aureus Among Healthy Children of Iligan City, Philippines

By: Lucilyn Lahoylahoy Maratas, Johanna Marie Cuadra

Key Words: Staphylococcus aureus, Nasal carriage, MRSA, Antibiotic resistance.

Int. J. Biosci. 11(5), 140-145, November 2017.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/11.5.140-145

Certification: ijb 2017 0138 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Surveillance and monitoring of nasal carriage of Staphyloccocus aureus and MRSA among the vulnerable pediatric population is a necessity as it is associated with increased risk for development of various infections. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of S. aureus and MRSA nasal carriage and its probable risk factors among healthy children in Iligan City, Philippines. Seventy-three out of the 114 children included in the study were found to be nasal carriers of S. aureus, where two factors were found to have significant association (p value < 0.001): the use of herbal medicine in the past six months and passive exposure to cigarette smoke. Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method was used to determine the antibiotic susceptibility of the 73 isolates, of which 21 isolates (29%) were MRSA. The rate of MRSA colonization in this study is significantly higher than previous published researches and may be attributed to the overcrowded situation in daycare centers. The only identified potential risk factor for MRSA colonization in this study was the manifestation of clinical symptoms of common childhood illness (p=0.000948).

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Nasal Carriage of Staphylococcus aureus and Methicillin-Resistant S. aureus Among Healthy Children of Iligan City, Philippines

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Lucilyn Lahoylahoy Maratas, Johanna Marie Cuadra.
Nasal Carriage of Staphylococcus aureus and Methicillin-Resistant S. aureus Among Healthy Children of Iligan City, Philippines.
Int. J. Biosci. 11(5), 140-145, November 2017.
http://www.innspub.net/ijb/nasal-carriage-staphylococcus-aureus-methicillin-resistant-s-aureus-among-healthy-children-iligan-city-philippines/
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