Meal worm (Tenebrio molitor) as potential alternative source of protein supplementation in broiler
By: Ibrar Hussain, Sarzamin Khan, Asad Sultan, Naila Chand, Rafiullah Khan, Waqas Alam, Naseer Ahmad
Key Words: Broiler, Mealworm, Growth performance, Carcass yield, Antibody titer
Int. J. Biosci. 10(4), 255-262, April 2017.
Protein is major nutrient costing higher value compared to other counterparts. A number of attempts have been made since long to find substitutes that could act as an effective and cheaper source of protein in poultry diet. Currently there has a great interest to assess the potential of different types insect meal in poultry nutrition as protein source. A preliminary study was undertaken to examine the potential benefits of locally produced meal worm supplementation in broiler birds on feed intake, body weight gain, feed conversion ratio (FCR), dressing percentage, antibody titer again ND and mortality. At the end birds from different experimental groups were slaughtered, dressed and cooked for meat sensory qualities. Meal worm larvae were grown at laboratory level, killed with 5% concentrated salt solution and oven dried 40ºC for 48-72 hrs. Meal worm is rich in protein 45.83%, lysine 4.51% and methionine 1.34%. A total of 120 day-old broiler chicks were randomly allotted to four replicated (n=3; 10 birds/replicate) dietary treatments i.e. WM-1, WM-2, WM-3 that received 50, 100, 150g meal worm, respectively with WM-0 served as control. Supplementation of meal worm did not affect feed intake, however significantly improved body weight gain of birds in all supplemented groups by 84 to 185 g in absolute. FCR of WM-0 was poor (2.01) and significantly improved in WM-3 group (1.75). Carcass yield was improved in all meal worm supplemented groups compared to control. It was interesting to note that sensory meant qualities including heamagglutination antibody titer against Newcastle disease and mortality among different groups was not significantly altered. It could be deduced from present findings that meal worm has the potential to improve bird performance with affecting meat quality. However, further research work is warranted to replace soybean with worm meal to examine it impact as alternative protein in minimizing feed cost without compromising bird performance.
Meal worm (Tenebrio molitor) as potential alternative source of protein supplementation in broiler
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