International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Leaf and flavonoid production of perennial sow-thistle (Sonchus arvensis L.) at different growth stages

By: Fardyansjah Hasan, Sandra Arifin Aziz, Maya Melati

Key Words: Leaf area, Morphological character, Luteolin, Quercetin

Int. J. Biosci. 10(2), 147-155, February 2017.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/10.2.147-155

Abstract

Perennial sow-thistle (Sonchus arvensis L.) is one of medicinal plants in Indonesia that is commonly used as diuretic, lithotripic and antiurolithic. This research studied the production and flavonoid content of perennial sow-thistle growth as wild plants, as basic information for S. arvensis cultivation. In situ observation on morphological characters then measurement of the plant biomass were conducted. The research was conducted with two sampling times i.e in May 2015 and September 2015. Wild plant samples of S. arvensis were taken from open field at Bogor Agricultural University (6o33’23.0”SL, 106043’54.5”EL), Bogor, Indonesia. Plant materials were harvested at three phenological stages i.e. vegetative stage (bolting phase), the second stage was early generative stage (the flower buds begin to form) and the last one was maximum generative stage (full flowering). Five plants as replications were used for each stage of growth. Data were analyzed to compare the results between the phases of growth followed by the Pearson correlation tests to determine the relationship between variables. The results showed that maximum growth of basal leaves was found at vegetative stage, while maximum growth of stem leaves was at early generative stage. The highest flavonoid content of wild perennial sow-thistle was found at maximum generative stage.

| Views 61 |

Leaf and flavonoid production of perennial sow-thistle (Sonchus arvensis L.) at different growth stages

Andarwulan N, Batari R, Sandrasari DA, Bolling B, Wijaya H. 2010. Flavonoid content and antioxidant activity of vegetables from Indonesia. Food Chemistry 121, 1231-1235.

http://dx.doi.org/10. 1016/j.foodchem.2010.01.033.

Chang CC, Yang MH, Wen HM, Chern JC. 2002. Estimation of total flavonoid content in propolis by two complementary colorimetric methods. Journal of Food and Drug Analysis 10, 178-182.

De Clerck-Floate RA, Steeves TA. 1995. Patterns of leaf and stomatal development explain ovipositional patterns by the gall midge Cystiphora sonchi (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) on perennial sow-thistle (Sonchus arvensis). Canadian Journal of Zoology 73, 198-202.

Hakansson S, Wallgren B. 1972. Experiments with Sonchus arvensis .L. III. The development from reproductive roots cut into different lengths and planted at different depths, with and without competition from barley. Swedish Journal of Agricultural Research 2, 15-26.

Hertog MGL, Hollman PCH, Venema DP. 1992. Optimatization of a quantitative HPLC determination of potentially anticarcinogenic flavonoids in vegetable and fruits. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 40, 1591-1598.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1021 /jf00021a023.

Karray N, Ksouri R, Falleh H, Rabhi M, Jaleel CA, Grignon C, Lachaˆal M. 2010. Effects of environment and development stage on phenolic content and antioxidant activities of Mentha pulegium L . Journal food Biochemical 34, 79-89. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-4514.2009.00303.x.

Khan RA. 2012. Evaluation of flavonoids and diverse antioxidant activities of Sonchus arvensis. Journal Chemical Central 6, 126-131.

http://dx.doi.org/10. 1186 /1752-153X-6-126.

Lakhanpal P, Rai DK. 2007. Quercetin: A Versatile Flavonoids. Journal of Medicinal 2(2), 22-37.

Langenheim JH. 1994. Higher plant terpenoids: a phyto centri overview of their ecological roles. Journal of Chemical Ecology 20, 1223-1280.

Lemna WK, Messersmith CG. 1990. The biology of Canadian weeds. 94. Sonchus arvensis L. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 70, 509-532.

Males Z, Zuntar I, Nigovic B, Plazibat M,Vundac VB. 2003. Quantitative analysis of the polyphenols of the aerial parts of rock samphire (Crithmum maritimum L.). Acta Pharmaceutica 53, 139-144.

McWilliams J. 2004. Sonchus arvensis. In: Fire Effects Information System. U.S Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory. Available at: http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/.

Moraes RM, Donega MA, Cantrell CM, Mello SC, McChesney JD. 2013. Effect of harvest timing on leaf production and yield of diterpene glycosides in Stevia rebaudiana Bert: A specialty perennial crop for Mississippi. Industrial Crops and Products 51, 385-389. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2013.09.025.

Seelinger G, Merfort I, Schempp CM. 2008. Anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic activities of luteolin. Planta Medica 74, 1667-1677. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.3390/molecules13102628.

Sellami IH, Maamouri E, Chahed T, Wannes WA, Kchouk ME. 2009. Effect of growth stage on the content and composition of the essential oil and phenolic fraction of sweet marjoram (Origanum majorana L.). Industrial Crops and Products 30, 395-402. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2009.07.010.

Sims DA, Gamon JA. 2002. Relationships between leaf pigment content and spectral reflectance across a wide range of species, leaf structures and developmental stages. Remote Sensing of Environment 81(2), 337-354. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0034-4257(02)00010-X.

 

Tavaviza TJ. 2012. Effects of competition on compensation point and phenological development in Sonchus arvensis. [Master thesis]. Uppsala: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. Available from http://stud.epsilon.slu.se/4572/.

Vanhala P, Lötjönen T, Hurme T, Salonen J. 2006. Managing Sonchus arvensis using mechanical and cultural methods. Agricultural and food science 15(4), 444-458.

Xia ZX, Liang J. 2010. Steriod and Phenols From Sonchus arvensis. Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines 8(4), 267-269.

DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1009.2010.00267.

Xu YJ, Sun SB Sun M, Qiu DF, Liu XJ. 2008. Quinic acid esters and Sesquiterpenes from Sonchus arvensis. Food chemistry 11, 92-97.

Zollinger RK, Kells JJ. 1991. Effect of soil pH ,soil water, light intensity and temperature on perennial sow-thistle (Sonchus arvensis L.). Weed Science 39, 376- 384.

Fardyansjah Hasan, Sandra Arifin Aziz, Maya Melati.
Leaf and flavonoid production of perennial sow-thistle (Sonchus arvensis L.) at different growth stages.
Int. J. Biosci. 10(2), 147-155, February 2017.
http://www.innspub.net/ijb/leaf-flavonoid-production-perennial-sow-thistle-sonchus-arvensis-l-different-growth-stages/
Copyright © 2017
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update