International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Investigating drought tolerance potential of different Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) varieties under reduced irrigation level

By: Muhammad Aown Sammar Raza, Muhammad Saqlain Zaheer, Muhammad Farrukh Saleem, Imran Haider Khan, Farhan Khalid, Muhammad Usman Bashir, Muhammad Awais, Rashid Iqbal, Salman Ahmad, Muhammad Usman Aslam, Imran Haider

Key Words: Drought, Growth, Resistant, Variety, Wheat

Int. J. Biosci. 11(1), 257-265, July 2017.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/11.1.257-265

Certification: ijb 2017 0030

Abstract

Drought stress is one of the main abiotic stresses that eventually lead to a drastic reduction in the final yield of wheat crop throughout the world. Identification of the drought resistant or drought susceptible wheat variety becomes an essential approach to improve crop production on sustainable basis. A planned study was conducted to evaluate the tolerance potential of ten wheat varieties (Aas-211, Mairaj-2008, Fareed-2006, Punjab-2011, Lasani-2008, Faisalabad-2008, Galaxy-2013, Millat-2011, AARI-2011 and auqab-2000) under drought stress conditions at different growth stages (To= Control, T1= Drought at tillering stage, T2= Drought at anthesis stage, T3= Drought at grain filling stage). Results revealed that yield and yield related parameters significantly differed among all genotypes of wheat under drought stress condition. 10.45%, 25.15% and 48.45% reduction of grain yield per plant was noticed when drought occurred at tillering, anthesis and grain filling stage respectively. Drought occurs at grain filling stage cause maximum reduction of grain yield. Galaxy-2013 and Punjab-2011 were recorded the highest yielding varieties among them under drought at different growth stages. Lasani-2008 was selected as most drought resistant variety and Auqab-2000 selected as most drought sensitive variety.

| Views 22 |

Investigating drought tolerance potential of different Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) varieties under reduced irrigation level

Ahmad I, Khaliq I, Khan AS, Farooq M. 2014. Screening of spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes for drought tolerance on the basis of seedling traits. Pakistan journal of agricultural sciences 51, 377-382.

Alfredo ACA, Setter TL. 2000. Response of cassava to water deficit: Leaf area growth and abscisic acid. Crop Science 40, 131-137.

http://dx.doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2000.401131x

Ali Q, Ashra M, Athar HR. 2007. Exogenously applied proline at different growth stages enhances growth of two maize cultivars grown under water deficit conditions. Pakistan Journal of Botany 39, 1133-1144.

Ashraf MY. 1998. Yield and yield compo-nents response of wheat (Tritcium aestivum L.) genotypes grown under different soil water deficit conditions. Acta Agronomica Hungarica 46, 45-51.

Atkinson NJ, Urwin PE. 2012. The interaction of plant biotic and abiotic stresses: from genes to the field. Journal of Experimental Botany 63,

https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/ers100

Baligar VC, Fageria NK, He ZL. 2001. Nutrient use efficiency in plants. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 32, 921-950.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1081/CSS-100104098

Blum A, Sinmena B, Ziv O. 1980. An evaluation of seed and seedling drought tolerance screening tests in wheat. Euphytica 29, 727-736.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00023219

Dencic S, Kastori R, Kobiljski B, Duggan B.

  1. Evaluation of grain yield and its components in wheat cultivars and land races under near optimal and drought conditions. Euphytica 113, 43-52.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1003997700865

Hoad SP, Russell G, Lucas ME, Bingham IJ. 2001. The management of wheat, barley and oats root systems. Advances in Agronomy 74, 193-246. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2113(01)74034-5

Hussain M, Malik MA, Farooq M, Ashraf MY, Cheema MA. 2008. Improving drought tolerance by exogenous application of glycinebetaine and salicylic acid in sunflower. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science 194, 193-199.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-037X.2008.00305.x

Ihsan MZ, El-Nakhlawy FS, Ismail SM. 2015. Screening Triticum aestivum L. genotypes for drought stress tolerance under arid land conditions. Journal of Aridland Agriculture 1, 31-35.

Kamal AHM, Kim KH, Shin KH, Choi JS, Baik BK, Tsujimoto H, Heo HY, Park CS, Woo SH. 2010. Abiotic stress responsive proteins of wheat grain determined using proteomics technique. Australian Journal of Crop Science 4, 196-208.

Khakwani AA, Dennett MD, Munir M, Baloch MS. 2012. Wheat yield response to physiological limitations under water stress condition. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences 22, 773-780.

Klamkowski K, Treder W, Wójcik K. 2015. Effects of long-term water stress on leaf gas exchange, growth and yield of three strawberry cultivars. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum-Hortorum Cultus 14, 55-65.

Nawaz H, Hussain N, Yasmeen A. 2015. Growth, yield and antioxidants status of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars under water deficit conditions. Pakistan journal of agricultural 52, 953-959.

Oliveira EMM, Ruiz HA, Alvarez VVH, Ferreira PA, Costa FA, Almeida ICC. 2010. Nutrient supply by mass flow and diffusion to maize plants in response to soil aggregate size and water potential. Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo 34, 317-327.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S010006832010000200005

Rauf A, Muhammad N, Khan A, Uddin N, Atif M, Barkatullah. 2012. Antibacterial and phytotoxic profile of selected Pakistani medicinal plants. World Applied Sciences Journal 20, 540-544.

Raza MAS, Saleem MF, Anjum SA, Khaliqand T, Wahid MA. 2012. Foliar application of potassium under water deficit conditions improved the growth and yield of wheat (Triticum aestivuml L.). Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences 22, 441-437.

Raza MAS, Saleem MF, Khan IH, Jamil M, Ijaz M, Khan MA. 2012. Evaluating the drought stress tolerance efficiency of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Cultivars. Russian Journal of Agricultural and Socio-Economic Sciences 12, 41-46.

Shirazi MU, Khan MA, Bhatti N, Unar A, Bozdar HB, Mujtaba SM, Lashari MI. 2014. Growth and Water use efficiency in wheat genotypes grown under water stress condition. E3 Journal of Agricultural Research and Development 4, 023-028.

Steel RGD, Torrie JH, Dickey DA. 1997. Principles and Procedures of Statistics. In: A Biometrical Approach, 3rd Edn. McGraw Hill Book Co. New York pp.172-177.

Varallyay G. 2010. The impact of climate change on soils and on their water management. Agronomy Research 8, 385-396.

Wang H, Wu Z, Han J, Zheng W, Yang C. 2012. Comparison of Ion Balance and Nitrogen Metabolism in Old and Young Leaves of Alkali-Stressed Rice Plants. Plos One 7, e37817.

https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0037817

Wang W, Vinocur B, Altman A. 2003. Plant responses to drought, salinity and extreme temperatures: towards genetics engineering for stress tolerance. Planta 218, 1-14.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00425-003-1105-5

Zhao TJ, Sun S, Liu Y, Liu JM, Liu Q, Yan YB, Zhou HM. 2006. Regulating the drought- responsive element (DRE)-mediated signaling pathway by synergic functions of trans-active and transinactive DRE binding factors in Brassica napus. The Journal of Biological Chemistry 281, 10752-10759.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M510535200

Muhammad Aown Sammar Raza, Muhammad Saqlain Zaheer, Muhammad Farrukh Saleem, Imran Haider Khan, Farhan Khalid, Muhammad Usman Bashir, Muhammad Awais, Rashid Iqbal, Salman Ahmad, Muhammad Usman Aslam, Imran Haider.
Investigating drought tolerance potential of different Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) varieties under reduced irrigation level.
Int. J. Biosci. 11(1), 257-265, July 2017.
http://www.innspub.net/ijb/investigating-drought-tolerance-potential-different-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l-varieties-reduced-irrigation-level/
Copyright © 2017
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update