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Integrated use of inorganic and organic amendments for reclamation of salt affected soil

By: Ghulam Qadir, K. Ahmad, M. A. Qureshi, A. I. Saqib, M. A. Zaka, M. Sarfraz, I. A. Warraich, Sana Ullah

Key Words: Integrated nutrient management, Gypsum, Press mud, Poultry manure, Rice-wheat

Int. J. Biosci. 11(2), 1-6, August 2017.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/11.2.1-10

Certification: ijb 2017 0064 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Salt affected soils are the menace of 21st century agriculture. The issue has been more alarming for the present agriculture due to water scarcity. Water scarcity limits the intensive cropping pattern and ultimately reduced the yields. The issue of salinity/sodicity and water scarcity needs to be addressed precisely. Incorporation of organic content has positive impact on soil properties and crop yield and gypsum proved economical amendments for reclamation. Studies were planned following rice-wheat cropping system for the consecutive three years to assess the role of gypsum with and with organic sources i.e. press mud and poultry manure on the yield of rice and wheat crops. Studies were conducted at Soil Salinity Research Institute, Pindi Bhattian with treatments viz. T1-control, T2- gypsum @ 100 % GR, T3- gypsum @ 50 % GR, T4- gypsum @ 25 % GR + poultry manure @ 5 t ha-1, T5-gypsum @ 25 % GR + poultry manure @10 t ha-1, T6-gypsum @ 25 % GR + pressmud @ 5 t ha-1, T7-gypsum @ 25 % GR + pressmud @10 t ha-1. Initial soil analysis showed that selected field has pHs, 9.43, ECs, 6.30 dS m-1, SAR, 38.49 (mmol L-1)1/2, GR, 2.48 t acre-1, bulk density, 1.73 Mg m-3 and infiltration rate, 0.12 cm hr-1.Two rates of gypsum i.e. 50% and 100% of GR while press mud and poultry manure @ 5 and 10 t ha-1with gypsum @ 25% GR were applied. Results revealed that gypsum application @ 100% of GR proved best treatment followed by gypsum @ 25% GR with organic sources i.e. poultry manure and press mud. Application of gypsum at both rates 100% and 50% of GR reduced the ECe and SAR and integration of gypsum @ 25%GR with poultry manure and press mud also healthy effect on soil health and soil properties.

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Integrated use of inorganic and organic amendments for reclamation of salt affected soil

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Ghulam Qadir, K. Ahmad, M. A. Qureshi, A. I. Saqib, M. A. Zaka, M. Sarfraz, I. A. Warraich, Sana Ullah.
Integrated use of inorganic and organic amendments for reclamation of salt affected soil.
Int. J. Biosci. 11(2), 1-6, August 2017.
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