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Influence of mulberry forage on gastrointestinal microbial composition and diversity in pigs

By: Ping Sheng, Yulong Yin, Dongsheng Wang, Li He, Jiangli Huang

Key Words: Protein-rich forage, Mulberry leaves, Gastrointestinal bacteria, Pig.

Int. J. Biosci. 11(5), 32-42, November 2017.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/11.5.32-42

Certification: ijb 2017 0127 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

This study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of mulberry forage on changes in bacterial communities in various segments of the gastrointestinal tract of pigs (jejunum, ileum and cecum). A total of 40 healthy pigs were divided into 5 groups and 1 group as the control group was fed standard diet, the other 4 groups were fed standard diet containing different levels of mulberry leaves. Intestinal content was collected from the jejunum, ileum and cecum from the 5 groups. Bacterial community compositions were analyzed using 16S rRNA gene-targeted metagenomicapproach. In our study, regardless of the diet, Firmicutes, Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes were the major components (>93%) of intestinal bacterial communities. Firmicutes and Proteobacteria predominated in the jejunum and ileum, and Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes predominated in the cecum. Furthermore, we also found that phylum Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes and class Clostridia, Bacilli were enriched in the mulberry diet group, while phylum Proteobacteria and class Gammaproteobacteria showed a higher abundance in the standard diet group. Our results revealed that although the intestinal bacteria varied due to the different composition of diet, substituting the commercial concentrate with mulberry forage did not result in a gastrointestinal disturbances in our study. Therefore, mulberry forage could be a valuable alternative protein-rich forage in pig feeding and could economize the pig production.

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Influence of mulberry forage on gastrointestinal microbial composition and diversity in pigs

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Ping Sheng, Yulong Yin, Dongsheng Wang, Li He, Jiangli Huang.
Influence of mulberry forage on gastrointestinal microbial composition and diversity in pigs.
Int. J. Biosci. 11(5), 32-42, November 2017.
http://www.innspub.net/ijb/influence-mulberry-forage-gastrointestinal-microbial-composition-diversity-pigs/
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