International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Impact of thermal stress on survival and induced cross tolerance to toxins of Bacillus thuringiensis in wild Aedes aegypti

By: T. Sarita Achari, Usha Rani Acharya, Tapan Kumar Barik

Key Words: Temperature, Aedes aegypti, Mosquito, Bacillus thuringiensis, Cross tolerance.

Int. J. Biosci. 11(1), 156-164, July 2017.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/11.1.156-164

Certification: ijb 2017 0023

Abstract

To assess the impact of thermal stress, late third instar larvae of field collected Aedes aegypti were exposed to variable temperatures viz. 39°C, 40°C, 41°C, 42°C, 43°C, 44°C and 45°C. All larvae were survived up to 300 minutes exposure at 39°C where as hundred percent larval mortality observed at higher temperature exposure. Further, it was observed that 25.1%, 35.6%, 78.9%, 90% and 100% larval mortality found after Bti treatment at 0.5 ppm, 1.0 ppm, 1.5 ppm, 2.0 ppm and 2.5 ppm respectively. Similarly, in order to assess the cross tolerance level to Bti, larvae pre-adapted at 39°C for 60 min, 90 min and 120 min duration were re-exposed to Bti solution of 1.0 and 1.5 ppm. Data suggested that the pre-adapted larvae showed 4.4 and 1.9 fold less larval mortality that indicates temperature play an important role in the development of cross tolerance to toxins of Bti in wild Aedes aegypti.

| Views 72 |

Impact of thermal stress on survival and induced cross tolerance to toxins of Bacillus thuringiensis in wild Aedes aegypti

Balaraman K, Balasubramanian M, Manonmani LM. 1983. Bacillus thuringiensis H-14 (VCRC B-17) formulation as mosquito larvicide. Indian Journal of Medical Research 77, 33-37.

Bale JS, Masters GJ, Hodkinson ID, Awmak C, Bezemer TM, Brown V, Butterfield J, Buse A. 2002. Herbivory in global climate change research: direct effects of raising temperature on insect herbivores. Glob Chang Biol. 8, 1–16.

Barik TK, Raghavendra K, Goswami A. 2012. Silica nanoparticle: a potential new insecticide for mosquito vector control. Parasitol Res 111, 1075–1083.

Bayoh MN, Lindsay SW. 2004. Temperature-related duration of aquatic stages of the Afrotropical malaria vector mosquito Anopheles gambiae in the laboratory. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 18, 174-179.

Boyce R, Lenhar A, Kroeger A, Velayudhan R, Roberts B, Horstick O. 2003.Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis (Bti) for the control of dengue vectors: systematic literature review. Tropical Medicine and International Health 18, 564-577.

Chadee DD, Martinez R. 2000. Landing periodicity of Aedes aegypti with implications for dengue transmission in Trinidad West Indies. J. Vector Ecol 25, 158–163.

Chadee DD, Shivnauth B, Rawlins SC, Chen AA.  2007. Climate variability, mosquito density and epidemiology of Dengue fever in Trinidad (2002–2004): a prospective study. Ann. Trop. Med. Parasitol 101, 68–77.

Charles JF, Nielsen-LeRoux C. 2000. Mosquitocidal bacterial toxins: diversity, mode of action and resistance phenomena. Memorias Do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 95, 201–206.

Chen AA, Chadee DD, Rawlins SC. 2006. Climate Change Impact on Dengue: The Caribbean Experience: START Publication (ISBN 976-41-0210-7).

Cossins AR, Bowler K. (Eds) 1987. Temperature biology of animals. Chapman and Hall, New York, pp 125–157.

Federici BA, Park HW, Bideshi DK, Wirth MC, Johnson JJ. 2003. Recombinant Bacteria for Mosquito Control. The Journal of Experimental Biology 206, 3877-3885.

Githeko AK, Lindsay SW, Confalonieri UE, Patz JA. 2000. Climate change and vector-borne diseases: a regional analysis. Bull. World Health Organ 78, 1136–1147.

Greever J, Georghiou GP. 1979. Computer simulation of control strategies for Culex tarsalis (Diptera: Culicidae). J Med Entomol 16, 180–188.

Gubler DJ. 1997. Dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever: its history and resurgence as a global public health problem. In: DJ Gubler, G Kuno (Eds.) Dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever. CAB International, Wallingford, UK; 1–22.

Guha-Sapir D, Schimmer B. 2005. Dengue fever: new paradigms for a changing epidemiology. Emerg. Themes Epidemiol 2,1–10.

Haile DG, Weidhaas DE. 1977. Computer simulation of mosquito populations (Anopheles albimanus) for comparing the effectiveness of control strategies. J Med Entomol 13, 553–567.

Helinski MEH, Parker AG, Knols BGJ. 2009. Radiation biology of mosquitoes. Malaria Journal, 8 (Suppl 2), S6.

Hemme RR, Thomas CL, Chadee DD, Severson DW. 2010. Influence of urban landscapes on population dynamics in a short-distance migrant mosquito: evidence for dengue vector Aedes aegypti. PLoS Neglected Trop. Dis. 4, e634.

Hurlbut HS. 1973. The effects of environmental and physiological conditions of Culex tritaeniorhynchus on the pattern of transmission of Japanese encephalitis virus. J Med Entomol 10,1–12.

IPCC. 2007. In: Parry ML, Canziani OF, Palutikof JP, van der Linden PJ, Hanson CE (Eds.), Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.

Kay BH, Fanning ID, Mottram P. 1989. Rearing temperature influences flavivirus vector competence of mosquitoes. Med Vet Entomol 3, 415–422.

Lindsay SW, Birley MH. 1996. Climate change and malaria transmission. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology 90, 573–588.

McDonald G, McLaren IW, Shelden GP, Smith IR. 1980. The effect of temperature on the population growth potential of Culex annulirostris Skuse (Diptera: Culicidae). Austral Ecology 5, 379-384.

Moon TE. 1976. A statistical model of the dynamics of a mosquito vector (Culex tarsalis) population. Biometrics32,355–368.

Mourya DT, Yadav P, Mishra AC. 2004. Effect of temperature stress on immature stages and susceptibility of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes to chikungunya virus. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 70, 346-350.

Muirhead-Thomson RC. 1940. Mosquito behaviour in relation to malaria transmission and control in the tropics. Edward Arnold, London, viii + 219 p.

Patz JA, Martens WJM, Focks DA, Jetten TH. 1998. Dengue epidemic potential as projected by general circulation models of global climate change.

Environ Health Perspect 106, 147–152.

Paupy C, Chantha N, Vazeille M, Reynes JM, Rodhain F, Failoux AB.  2003. Variation over space and time of Aedes aegypti in Phnom penh (Cambodia) genetic structure and oral susceptibility to a dengue virus. Inf. Genet. Res. Camb 82, 171–182.

Raghavendra K, Barik TK, Adak T. 2010a. Development of larval thermo-tolerance and its impact on adult susceptibility to malathion insecticide and Plasmodium vivax infection in Anopheles stephensi. Parasitology Research 107, 1291–1297.

Raghavendra K, Barik TK, Swain V. 2010b. Studies on the Impact of Thermal Stress on Survival and Development of Adaptive Thermo-tolerance in Immature Stages of Anopheles culicifacies. Journal of Ecobiotechnology 5, 25-30.

Rueda LM, Patel KJ, Axtell RC, Stinner RE. 1990. Temperature-dependent development and survival rates of Culex quinquefasciatus and Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae). J. Med. Entomol 27, 892–898.

Shelton RM. 1973. The effect of temperatures on development of eight mosquito species. Mosq News 33, 1–12.

Swain V, Seth RK, Mohanty SS, Raghavendra K. 2008.Effect of temperature on development, eclosion, longevity and survivorship of malathion-resistant and malathion-susceptible strain of Culex quinquefasciatus. Parasitology Research 103, 299–303.

Thomas G, James P. 1997. Collecting, Rearing, Mounting and Shipping Mosquitoes, The Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit, Division of Entomology, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research 503 Robert Grant

Avenue | Silver Spring, MD 20910-7500 USA.

Tun-Lin W, Burkot TR, Kay BH. 2000. Effects of temperature and larval diet on development rates and survival of the dengue vector Aedes aegypti in north Queensland, Australia. Med Vet Entomol 14, 31–37.

Wagner VE, Tully GA, Goodman ED, Newson HD. 1975. A computer simulation model for population studies of woodland pool Aedes mosquitoes. Environ Entomol 4, 905–919.

Watts DM, Burke DS, Harrison BA, Whitmire RE, Nisalak A. 1987. Effect of temperature on the vector efficiency of Aedes aegypti for dengue 2 virus. Am J Trop Med Hyg 36, 143–152.

World Health Organization. 1997. Techniques to detect insecticide resistance mechanisms (field and laboratory manual). Geneva, (WHO/CDS/CPC/MAL/98.6).

World Health Organization. 2016. Dengue and severe dengue Factsheet

www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs117/en/

Worner SP. 1998. Ecoclimatic assessment of potential establishment of exotic pests. J Econ Entomol 81, 973–983.

T. Sarita Achari, Usha Rani Acharya, Tapan Kumar Barik.
Impact of thermal stress on survival and induced cross tolerance to toxins of Bacillus thuringiensis in wild Aedes aegypti.
Int. J. Biosci. 11(1), 156-164, July 2017.
http://www.innspub.net/ijb/impact-thermal-stress-survival-induced-cross-tolerance-toxins-bacillus-thuringiensis-wild-aedes-aegypti/
Copyright © 2017
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update