Evaluation of the biochemical and phytochemical components of green seaweed Enteromorpha intestinalis (Linnaeus) in Initao, Misamis oriental, Mindanao, Philippines
By: Hansen Rose S. Escobido, Maria Luisa S. Orbita, Ronaldo R. Orbita
Key Words: Iligan Bay, Saponin, Steroid, Alkaloid
Int. J. Biosci. 9(4), 114-122, October 2016.
The green seaweed Enteromorpha intestinalis that occurred along the coast of Iligan Bay was analyzed for biochemical and phytochemical components. Powdered samples of E. intestinalis were analyzed for carbohydrate, protein, fat, ash and moisture content. Likewise, the presence of reducing sugar, tannins, phenols, saponins, anthraquinones, flavonoids, steroids, terpenoids and alkaloids were determined using the standard methods. The amount of carbohydrate, protein, fat, ash and moisture content was in considerable quantities and within the values specified for seaweeds. The phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of saponins, steroids and terpenoids as well as alkaloids. This study further suggested that E. intestinalis possesses both nutritional and pharmaceutical potential.