International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Enhancing the mineral retention in Labeo rohita juveniles fed citric acid and phytase supplemented soybean meal based diet

By: Khadija Akram, Muhammad Afzal, Syed Zakir Hussain Shah, Mahroze Fatima, Zainab Akram, Hafiz Fakhar Hayat

Key Words: Phytase pretreatment, Dietary acidification, Rohu, Retention, Excretion

Int. J. Biosci. 10(4), 1-8, April 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/10.4.1-8

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of pretreatment of citric acid (CA), phytase (PHY) and their interaction on major mineral (P, Ca, Mg, Na and K) retention and excretion in Labeo rohita juveniles fed soybean meal based diet. Four experimental diets were designed by supplementing CA (%) and PHY (FTU/kg) at the levels of 0,0, 2,0, 0,1000 and 2,1000 respectively. Juveniles (initial weight 3.15±0.03 g) were fed at 2 % of their live body weight for 2 months. Three replicates were allocated for each test diet and fifteen fish were kept in each replicate. At the end of feeding trial, fish were sacrificed and digested in nitric acid and perchloric acid for mineral contents determination. Results revealed that CA supplementation significantly (p<0.05) increased the mineral retention in L. rohita juveniles. Similarly, the mineral retention was also significantly (p<0.05) enhanced by PHY pre-treatment in whole body of juveniles. Moreover, both supplements (CA and PHY) showed significant (p<0.05) interaction for P and Ca retention in juveniles. However, CA significantly (p<0.05) decreased the excretion of the observed mineral in whole body of juveniles. Likewise, by the addition of phytase, less excretion was also recorded in the observed mineral except Mg. Both supplements (CA and PHY) interacted significantly (p<0.05) to reduce the excretion of observed mineral except K in L. rohita juveniles. In conclusion, increased retention and less excretion of observed mineral was recorded in CA and PHY pretreated soybean meal based diet in L. rohita juveniles.

| Views 170 |

Enhancing the mineral retention in Labeo rohita juveniles fed citric acid and phytase supplemented soybean meal based diet

Allan GL, Rowland SJ. 1992. Development of an experimental diet for silver perch (Bidyanus bidyanus). Austasia Aquaculture 6, 39- 40.

AOAC (Association of Official Analytical Chemists). 2000. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, VA.

Baruah K, Pal AK, Sahu NP, Jain KK, Debnath D, Mukherjee SC. 2005. Dietary protein level, microbial phytase, citric acid and their interactions on bone mineralization of Labeo rohita (Hamilton) juveniles. Aquaculture Research 36, 803- 812. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2109.2005.01290.x

Boling-Frankenbach S, Snow J, Parsons C, Baker D. 2001. The effect of citric acid on the calcium and phosphorus requirements of chicks fed corn-soybean meal diets. Poultry Science 80, 783- 788.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ps/80.6.783

Cao L, Wang W, Yang C, Yang Y, Diana J, Yakupitiyage A. 2007. Application of microbial phytase in fish feed. Enzyme and Microbial Technology 40, 497- 507.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enzmictec.2007.01.007

Correll DL. 1999. Phosphorus: a rate limiting nutrient in surface waters. Poultry Science 78, 674- 82.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ps/78.5.674

Cross H, Debiec H, Peterlik M. 1989. Mechanism and regulation of intestinal phosphate absorption. Mineral and Electrolyte Metabolism 16, 115- 124.

Demirel G, Pekel AY, Alp M, Kocabagli N. 2012. Effects of dietary supplementation of citric acid, copper, and microbial phytase on growth performance and mineral retention in broiler chickens fed a low available phosphorus diet. The Journal of Applied Poultry Research 21, 335- 347.

http://dx.doi.org/10.3382/japr.2011-00416

FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations). 2000. State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture, Rome, Italy.

Francis G, Makkar HPS, Becker K. 2001. Anti-nutritional factors present in plant-derived alternate fish feed ingredients and their effects in fish. Aquaculture 199, 197- 227.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0044-8486(01)00526-9

Freitag M, Luckstadt C. 2007. Organic acids and salts promote performance and health in animal husbandry. In: Acidifiers in animal nutrition: a guide for feed preservation and acidification to promote animal performance, 1- 11 P.

Harland BF, Morris ER. 1995. Phytate: A good or a bad food component. Nutrition Research 15, 733- 754.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0271-5317(95)00040-P

Hernandez AJ, Satoh S, Kiron V.  2013. The effect of citric acid supplementation on growth performance, phosphorus absorption and retention in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fed a low-fishmeal diet. Ciencia e investigacionagraria: revistalatinoamericana de ciencias de la agricultura 40, 397- 406.

Jongbloed AW. 1987. Phosphorus in the feeding of pigs. PhD Thesis. Agricultural University of Wageningen, Wageningen.

Kornegay ET. 1995. Important considerations for using microbial phytase in broiler and turkey diets. In:van Hartingsveldt W, Hessing M, van der Lugt JP, Somers WAC, Eds. Proceedings of Second Symposium on Feed Enzymes (ESFE2). Noordwijkerhout, Netherlands, TNO Nutrition and Food Research Institute, Zeist, 189- 197 P.

Lunger AN, McLean E, Craig SR. 2007. The effects of organic protein supplementation upon growth, feed conversion and texture quality parameters in juvenile cobia (Rachycentron canadum). Aquaculture 264, 342- 352.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2006.12.012

National Research Council (NRC). 1993. Nutrient Requirements of Fish. Washington, DC, National Academy Press, p. 114.

Nwanna LC, Kolahsa M, Eisenreich R, Schwarz FJ. 2008. Pre-treatment of dietary plant feedstuffs with phytase and its effect on growth and mineral concentration in common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition 92, 677- 682.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0396.2007.00764.x

Olli JJ, Krogdahl A, Vabeno A. 1995. Dehulled solvent-extracted soybean meal as a protein source in diets for Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L. Aquaculture Research 26, 167- 174.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.13652109.1995.tb00899.x

Papatryphon E, Howell RA, Soares Jr JH. 1999. Growth and mineral absorption by striped bass Morone saxatilis fed a plant feedstuff based diet supplemented with phytase. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 30, 161- 173.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.17497345.1999.tb00863.x

Pham MA, Lee KJ, Dang TM, Lim SJ, Ko GY, Eo J, Oh DH. 2008. Improved apparent digestibility coefficient of protein and phosphorus by supplementation of microbial phytase in diets containing cottonseed and soybean meal for juvenile olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus). Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 21, 1367- 1375.

Phromkunthong W, Nuntapong N, Gabaudan J. 2010. Interaction of phytase RONOZYME® P (L) and citric acid on the utilization of phosphorus by common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology 32, 547- 554.

Ravindran V, Kornegay ET. 1993. Acidification of fish diet. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 62, 313- 322.

Rodehutscord M, Pfeffer E. 1995. Effects of supplemental microbial phytase on phosphorus digestibility and utilization in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Water Science and Technology 31, 143- 147.

Sajjadi M, Carter CG. 2004. Effect of phytic acid and phytase on feed intake, growth, digestibility and trypsin activity in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Aquaculture Nutrition 10, 135- 142.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2095.2003.00290.x

Sarker MSA, Satoh S, Kiron V. 2007. Inclusion of citric acid and/or amino acid-chelated trace elements in alternate plant protein source diets affects growth and excretion of nitrogen and phosphorus in red sea bream, Pagrus major. Aquaculture 262, 436- 443. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2006.10.007

Sarker MSA, Satoh S, Kamata K, Haga Y, Yamamoto Y. 2012. Supplementation effect (s) of organic acids and/or lipid to plant protein based diets on juvenile yellowtail, Seriola quinqueradiata Temminck et Schlegel 1845, growth and, nitrogen and phosphorus excretion. Aquaculture Research 43, 538- 545.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2109.2011.02859.x

Simons PCM, Versteegh HAJ, Jongbloed AW, Memme PA, Slump P, Boss KD, Wolters WGE, Beudeker RF, Verschoor GJ. 1990. Improvement of phosphorus availability by microbial phytase in broilers and pigs. British Journal of Nutrition 64, 525- 540.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/BJN19900052

Steel RGD, Torrie JH, Dickey DA. 1996. Principles and Procedures of Statistics. 3rd Ed. McGraw Hill International Book Co. Inc., New York. USA.

Storebakken T, Shearer K, Roem A. 1998. Availability of protein, phosphorus and other elements in fish meal, soy-protein concentrate and phytase-treated soy-protein-concentrate-based diets to Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar. Aquaculture 161, 365- 379.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0044-8486(97)00284-6

Storebakken T, Refstie S, Ruyter B. 2000. Soy products as fat and protein sources in fish diets for intensive aquaculture. In: Drackley JK, Ed. Soy in Animal Nutrition. Federation of Animal Science Societies, Savoy, IL, 127- 170 P.

Sugiura SH, Gabaudan J, Dong FM, Hardy RW. 2001. Dietary microbial phytase supplementation and the utilization of phosphorus, trace minerals and protein by rainbow trout [Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum)]fed soybean meal based diets. Aquaculture Research 32, 583- 592.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2109.2001.00581.x

Vielma J, Lall SP, Koskela J, Schoner FJ,

Mattila P. 1998. Effects of dietary phytase and cholecalciferol on phosphorus bioavailability in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Aquaculture 163, 309- 323.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0044-8486(98)00240-3

Vohra A, Satanarayana T. 2003. Phytases: microbial sources, production, purification, and potential biotechnological applications. Critical Reviews in Biotechnology 23, 29- 60.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/713609297

Wang F, Yang YH, Han ZZ, Dong HW, Yang CH, Zou ZY. 2009. Effects of phytase pretreatment of soybean meal and phytase sprayed in diets on growth, apparent digestibility coefficient and nutrient excretion of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum). Aquaculture International 17, 143- 157.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10499-008-9187-5

Wu RSS. 1995. The environmental impact of marine fish culture: towards a sustainable future. Marine Pollution Bulletin 31, 159- 166.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0025-326X(95)00100-2

Zhou QC, Tan BP, Mai KS, Liu YJ. 2004. Apparent digestibility of selected feed ingredients for juvenile cobia Rachycentron canadum. Aquaculture 241, 441-451.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2004.08.044

Khadija Akram, Muhammad Afzal, Syed Zakir Hussain Shah, Mahroze Fatima, Zainab Akram, Hafiz Fakhar Hayat.
Enhancing the mineral retention in Labeo rohita juveniles fed citric acid and phytase supplemented soybean meal based diet.
Int. J. Biosci. 10(4), 1-8, April 2017
http://www.innspub.net/ijb/enhancing-mineral-retention-labeo-rohita-juveniles-fed-citric-acid-phytase-supplemented-soybean-meal-based-diet/
Copyright © 2017
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update