Endophytic Bacteria: A beneficial organism
By: Sehrish Mushtaq, Faiza Khan, Muhammad Shafiq, Mubasshir Hussain, Muhammad Saleem Haider
Key Words: Endophytes, Microorganisms, Plant bacteria interaction, Beneficial bacteria
Int. J. Biosci. 10(6), 1-12, June 2017.Certificate
Millions of microorganisms are associated with animals and plant species. Interaction between the microorganisms and plants lead beneficial effect on plant growth. Now a day due to this character they attain the keen interest of human. Wide variety of bioactive compounds are using in biotechnology are produce by these bacteria. They have ability to minimize the disease symptoms of plants. Interaction with host plant make remarkable changing in immunity of plant. Specific growth hormones produce by this interaction improve health of plant. Nutrient uptake and nitrogen fixing ability make their use as a bio fertilizer. Important metabolites and secondary metabolites are isolated from these bacteria which is useful in cancer and other chronic human disease. They play important role in degrading the heavy metals from the soil. In other words they play beneficial role in agriculture, medicine, biotechnology and in the field of food science.
Endophytic Bacteria: A beneficial organism
Abrahao MR, Molina G, Pastore GM. 2013. Endophytes: Recent developments in biotechnology and the potential for flavor production. Food Research international 52(1), 367-372.
Alstrom S. 2001. Characteristics of bacteria from
oilseed rape in relation to their biocontrol activity against Verticillium dahliae. Journal of Phytopathology 149(2), 57-64.
Alvin A, Miller K I, Neilan BA. 2014. Exploring the potential of endophytes from medicinal plants as sources of antimycobacterial compounds. Microbiological research 169(7), 483-495.
Araujo W L, Maccheroni Jr W, Aguilar-Vildoso CI, Barroso PA, Saridakis HO, Azevedo JL. 2001. Variability and interactions between endophytic bacteria and fungi isolated from leaf tissues of citrus rootstocks. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 47(3), 229-236.
Araujo W L, Marcon J, Maccheroni W, van Elsas J D, Van Vuurde JW, Azevedo JL. 2002. Diversity of endophytic bacterial populations and their interaction with Xylella fastidiosa in citrus plants. Applied and environmental microbiology 68(10), 4906-4914.
Aravind R, Kumar A, Eapen S, Ramana K. 2009. Endophytic bacterial flora in root and stem tissues of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) genotype: isolation, identification and evaluation against Phytophthora capsici. Letters in applied microbiology 48(1), 58-64.
Barac T, Taghavi S, Borremans B, Provoost A, Oeyen L, Colpaert JV, Van der Lelie D. 2004. Engineered endophytic bacteria improve phytoremediation of water-soluble, volatile, organic pollutants. Nature biotechnology 22(5), 583-588.
Bargabus R, Zidack N, Sherwood J, Jacobsen B. 2002. Characterisation of systemic resistance in sugar beet elicited by a non-pathogenic, phyllosphere-colonizing Bacillus mycoides, biological control agent. Physiological and molecular plant pathology 61(5), 289-298.
Berg G, Hallmann J. 2006. Control of plant
pathogenic fungi with bacterial endophytes Microbial
root endophytes. Springer (53-69).
Berg G, Krechel A, Ditz M, Sikora RA, Ulrich A, Hallmann J. 2005. Endophytic and ectophytic potato-associated bacterial communities differ in structure and antagonistic function against plant pathogenic fungi. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 51(2), 215-229.
Chen L, Luo S, Xiao X, Guo H, Chen J, Wan Y, Rao C. 2010. Application of plant growth-promoting endophytes (PGPE) isolated from Solanum nigrum L. for phytoextraction of Cd-polluted soils. Applied soil ecology 46(3), 383-389.
Chernin L, Chet I. 2002. Microbial enzymes in
biocontrol of plant pathogens and pests. Enzymes in the environment: activity, ecology, and applications. Marcel Dekker, New York, 171-225.
Chi F, Shen SH, Cheng HP, Jing YX, Yanni YG, Dazzo FB. 2005. Ascending migration of endophytic rhizobia, from roots to leaves, inside rice plants and assessment of benefits to rice growth physiology. Applied and environmental microbiology 71(11), 7271-7278.
Cocking EC, Stone PJ, Davey MR. 2006. Intracellular colonization of roots of Arabidopsis and crop plants by Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus. In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology-Plant 42(1), 74-82.
Compant S, Duffy B, Nowak J, Clement C, Barka EA. 2005. Use of plant growth-promoting bacteria for biocontrol of plant diseases: principles, mechanisms of action, and future prospects. Applied and environmental microbiology 71(9), 4951-4959.
Conn VM, Franco CM. 2004. Analysis of the endophytic actinobacterial population in the roots of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) by terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism and sequencing of 16S rRNA clones. Applied and environmental microbiology 70(3), 1787-1794.
De Weert S, Vermeiren H, Mulders IH, Kuiper I, Hendrickx N, Bloemberg GV, Lugtenberg BJ. 2002. Flagella-driven chemotaxis towards exudate components is an important trait for tomato root colonization by Pseudomonas fluorescens. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 15(11), 1173-1180.
Deng ZS, Zhao LF, Kong ZY, Yang WQ, Lindstrom K, Wang ET, Wei GH. 2011. Diversity of endophytic bacteria within nodules of the Sphaerophysa salsula in different regions of Loess Plateau in China. FEMS microbiology ecology 76(3), 463-475.
El-Deeb B, Bazaid S, Gherbawy Y, Elhariry H. 2012. Characterization of endophytic bacteria associated with rose plant (Rosa damascena trigintipeta) during flowering stage and their plant growth promoting traits. Journal of Plant Interactions 7(3), 248-253.
Elbeltagy A, Nishioka K, Suzuki H, Sato T, Sato YI, Morisaki H, Minamisawa K. 2000. Isolation and characterization of endophytic bacteria from wild and traditionally cultivated rice varieties. Soil science and plant nutrition 46(3), 617-629.
Fouda AH, Hassan SED, Eid AM, Ewais EED. 2015. Biotechnological applications of fungal endophytes associated with medicinal plant Asclepias sinaica (Bioss.). Annals of Agricultural Sciences 60(1), 95-104.
Gao Fk, Dai Cc, Liu Xz. 2010. Mechanisms of fungal endophytes in plant protection against pathogens. African Journal of Microbiology Research 4(13), 1346-1351.
Garbeva P, Van Overbeek L, Van Vuurde J, Van Elsas J. 2001. Analysis of endophytic bacterial communities of potato by plating and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) of 16S rDNA based PCR fragments. Microbial ecology 41(4), 369-383.
Gray E, Smith D. 2005. Intracellular and extracellular PGPR: commonalities and distinctions in the plant–bacterium signaling processes. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 37(3), 395-412.
Hardoim P R, van Overbeek LS, van Elsas JD. 2008. Properties of bacterial endophytes and their proposed role in plant growth. Trends in microbiology 16(10), 463-471.
Harish S, Kavino M, Kumar N, Balasubramanian P, Samiyappan R. 2009. Induction of defense-related proteins by mixtures of plant growth promoting endophytic bacteria against Banana bunchy top virus. Biological Control 51(1), 16-25.
Hyde K, Soytong K. 2008. The fungal endophyte dilemma. Fungal Divers 33(163-173), 2.
Idogawa N, Amamoto R, Murata K, Kawai S. 2014. Phosphate enhances levan production in the endophytic bacterium Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus Pal5. Bioengineered 5(3), 173-179.
James E. 2000. Nitrogen fixation in endophytic and associative symbiosis. Field crops research 65(2), 197-209.
Khan AL, Hamayun M, Kang SM, Kim YH, Jung HY, Lee JH, Lee IJ. 2012. Endophytic fungal association via gibberellins and indole acetic acid can improve plant growth under abiotic stress: an example of Paecilomyces formosus LHL10. BMC microbiology12(1), 1.
Kloepper JW, Ryu CM. 2006. Bacterial endophytes as elicitors of induced systemic resistance Microbial root endophytes.Springer (pp. 33-52).
Kuklinsky Sobral J, Araujo, WL, Mendes R, Geraldi IO, Pizzirani Kleiner AA, Azevedo JL 2004. Isolation and characterization of soybean‐associated bacteria and their potential for plant growth promotion. Environmental Microbiology
Lacava P, Araujo W, Marcon J, Maccheroni W, Azevedo J. 2004. Interaction between endophytic bacteria from citrus plants and the phytopathogenic bacteria Xylella fastidiosa, causal agent of citrus‐variegated chlorosis. Letters in applied microbiology 39(1), 55-59.
Larrainzar E, OGara F, Morrissey JP. 2005. Applications of autofluorescent proteins for in situ studies in microbial ecology. Annual Review of Microbiology 59, 257-277.
Lodewyckx C, Taghavi S, Mergeay M, Vangronsveld J, Clijsters H, Lelie Dvd. 2001. The effect of recombinant heavy metal-resistant endophytic bacteria on heavy metal uptake by their host plant. International journal of phytoremediation 3(2), 173-187.
Lodewyckx C, Vangronsveld J, Porteous F, Moore ER, Taghavi S, Mezgeay M, der Lelie Dv. 2002. Endophytic bacteria and their potential applications. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences 21(6), 583-606.
Ma Y, Rajkumar M, Luo Y, Freitas H. 2011. Inoculation of endophytic bacteria on host and non-host plants—effects on plant growth and Ni uptake. Journal of hazardous materials 195, 230-237.
Magnani G, Didonet C, Cruz L, Picheth C, Pedrosa F, Souza E. 2010. Diversity of endophytic bacteria in Brazilian sugarcane. Genet Mol Res 9(1), 250-258.
Patten CL, Glick BR. 2002. Regulation of indoleacetic acid production in Pseudomonas putida GR12-2 by tryptophan and the stationary-phase sigma factor RpoS. Canadian journal of microbiology 48(7), 635-642.
Pimentel MR, Molina G, Dionisio AP, Marostica Junior MR, Pastore GM. 2010. The use of endophytes to obtain bioactive compounds and their application in biotransformation process. Biotechnology research international, 2011.
Pirttila AM, Joensuu P, Pospiech H, Jalonen J, Hohtola A. 2004. Bud endophytes of Scots pine produce adenine derivatives and other compounds that affect morphology and mitigate browning of callus cultures. Physiologia Plantarum 121(2), 305-312.
Poonguzhali S, Madhaiyan M, Sa T. 2006. Cultivation-dependent characterization of rhizobacterial communities from field grown Chinese cabbage Brassica campestris ssp pekinensis and screening of traits for potential plant growth
promotion. Plant and soil, 286(1-2), 167-180.
Rajkumar M, Prasad MNV, Swaminathan S, Freitas H. 2013. Climate change driven plant–metal–microbe interactions. Environment international 53, 74-86.
Reinhold Hurek B, Hurek T. 1998. Life in grasses: diazotrophic endophytes. Trends in microbiology 6(4), 139-144.
Reinhold Hurek B, Maes T, Gemmer S, Van Montagu M, Hurek T. 2006. An endoglucanase is involved in infection of rice roots by the not-cellulose-metabolizing endophyte Azoarcus sp. strain BH72. Molecular plant-microbe interactions 19(2), 181-188.
Reiter B, Bürgmann H, Burg K, Sessitsch A. 2003. Endophytic nifH gene diversity in African sweet potato. Canadian journal of microbiology 49(9), 549-555.
Rijavec T, Lapanje A, Dermastia M, Rupnik M. 2007. Isolation of bacterial endophytes from germinated maize kernels. Canadian journal of microbiology 53(6), 802-808.
Romero A, Carrion G, Rico Gray V. 2001. Fungal latent pathogens and endophytes from leaves of Parthenium hysterophorus (Asteraceae). Fungal Divers 7, 81-87.
Rosenblueth M, Martinez Romero E. 2004. Rhizobium etli maize populations and their competitiveness for root colonization. Archives of microbiology 181(5), 337-344.
Ryan RP, Germaine K, Franks A, Ryan DJ, Dowling DN. 2008. Bacterial endophytes: recent developments and applications. FEMS microbiology letters 278(1), 1-9.
Sandalio L, Dalurzo H, Gomez M, Romero
Puertas M, Del Rio L. 2001. Cadmium‐induced changes in the growth and oxidative metabolism of pea plants. Journal of experimental botany 52(364), 2115-2126.
Sapak Z, Meon S, Ahmad M, Abidin Z. 2008. Effect of Endophytic bacteria on growth and suppression of ganoderma infection in oil palm. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 10(2), 127-132.
Sessitsch A, Reiter B, Berg G. 2004. Endophytic bacterial communities of field-grown potato plants and their plant-growth-promoting and antagonistic abilities. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 50(4), 239-249.
Simpson WR, Faville MJ, Moraga RA, Williams WM, Mcmanus MT, Johnson RD. 2014. Epichloe fungal endophytes and the formation of synthetic symbioses in Hordeeae (Triticeae) grasses. Journal of Systematics and Evolution 52(6), 794-806.
Sturz A, Kimpinski J. 2004. Endoroot bacteria derived from marigolds (Tagetes spp.) can decrease soil population densities of root-lesion nematodes in the potato root zone. Plant and Soil 262(1-2), 241-249.
Sziderics A, Rasche F, Trognitz F, Sessitsch A, Wilhelm E. 2007. Bacterial endophytes contribute to abiotic stress adaptation in pepper plants (Capsicum annuum L.). Canadian journal of microbiology 53(11), 1195-1202.
Vendan RT, Yu YJ, Lee SH, Rhee YH. 2010. Diversity of endophytic bacteria in ginseng and their potential for plant growth promotion. The Journal of Microbiology 48(5), 559-565.
Wakelin SA, Warren RA, Harvey PR, Ryder MH. 2004. Phosphate solubilization by Penicillium spp. closely associated with wheat roots.
Biology and Fertility of Soils 40(1), 36-43.
Waweru B, Turoop L, Kahangi E, Coyne D, Dubois T. 2014. Non-pathogenic Fusarium oxysporum endophytes provide field control of nematodes, improving yield of banana (Musa sp.). Biological Control 74, 82-88.
Weyens N, Van der Lelie D, Taghavi S, Vangronsveld J. 2009. Phytoremediation: plant–endophyte partnerships take the challenge. Current Opinion in Biotechnology 20(2),248-254.
Yuliar S, Supriyati D, Rahmansyah M. 2013. Biodiversity of endophytic bacteria and their antagonistic activity to rhizoctonia solani and fusarium oxysporium. Global Journal of Biology 2(4), 111-118.
Zabalgogeazcoa I. 2008. Fungal endophytes and their interaction with plant pathogens.
Zinniel DK, Lambrecht P, Harris NB, Feng Z, Kuczmarski D, Higley P, Vidaver AK. 2002. Isolation and characterization of endophytic colonizing bacteria from agronomic crops and prairie plants. Applied and environmental microbiology 68(5), 2198-2208.
Ahemad M, Kibret M. 2014. Mechanisms and applications of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria: current perspective. Journal of King Saud University Science26, 1–20.
Luo S, Xu T, Chen L, Chen J, Rao C, Xiao X, Liu Y. 2012. Endophyte-assisted promotion of biomass production and metal-uptake of energy crop sweet sorghum by plant-growth-promoting endophyte Bacillus sp. SLS18. Applied microbiology and biotechnology 93(4),1745-1753.
Weyens N, van der Lelie D, Taghavi S, Newman L, Vangronsveld J. 2009. Exploiting plant–microbe partnerships to improve biomass production and remediation. Trends in biotechnology 27(10), 591-598.
Taghavi S, Garafola C, Monchy S, Newman L, Hoffman A, Weyens N, van der Lelie D. 2009. Genome survey and characterization of endophytic bacteria exhibiting a beneficial effect on growth and development of poplar trees. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 75(3),748-757.
Lucy M, Reed E, Glick BR. 2004. Applications of free living plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 86(1), 1-25.
O’connell PF. 1992. Sustainable agriculture a valid alternative. Outlook on Agriculture 21(1), 5-12.
Rodríguez H, Fraga R. 1999. Phosphate solubilizing bacteria and their role in plant growth promotion. Department of Microbiology, Cuban Research Institute on Sugarcane By-Products (ICIDCA), Havana, Cuba.
Sturz AV, Christie BR, Nowak J. 2000. Bacterial endophytes: potential role in developing sustainable systems of crop production. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences 19(1), 1-30.
Sudhakar P, Chattopadhyay GN, Gangwar SK, and Ghosh JK. 2000. Effect of foliar application of Azotobacter, Azospirillum and Beijerinckia on leaf yield and quality of mulberry (Morus alba). The
Journal of Agricultural Science 134(02), 227-234.
Berg G. 2009. Plant–microbe interactions promoting plant growth and health: perspectives for controlled use of microorganisms in agriculture. Applied microbiology and biotechnology 84(1), 11-18.
Endophytic Bacteria: A beneficial organism.
Int. J. Biosci. 10(6), 1-12, June 2017.
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)