International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Effect of Saccharomyces cerevisiae on overall performance of broilers at starter phase

By: Muhammad Inam, Sarzamin Khan, Asad Sultan, Nazir Ahmad Khan

Key Words: Soybean meal, Saccharomyces cervsiae, Starter phase, Growth, Economic

Int. J. Biosci. 11(1), 42-53, July 2017.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/11.1.42-53

Certification: ijb 2017 0006

Abstract

The reduction in feed cost and direct competition between human and poultry in obtaining food is a major challenge. An experiment was conducted to observe the effect of low levels of Saccharomyces cerevisiae incorporation as partial replacement for soybean meal on growth performance, carcass traits, economics, hematology, immunity and intestinal histo-morphology in broilers during starter phase. The feed for starter phase was prepared by replacement of soybean meal at 5, 10 and 15% with SC named as SC0, SC5, SC10 and SC15 respectively. The experimental design was complete randomized in 4×4×3 fashion. No significant effect (P>0.05) was observed for low level incorporation of SC for soybean meal during starter phase on observing parameters except livability, mortality and immunity against new castle disease. However, the numerical variation among the groups indicate positive trend for successful incorporation of SC in replacement to soybean meal. The increasing level of SC in feed during starter phase resulted in the highest productive performance. The group SC10 and SC15 reveal in best results in majority parameters of the productive performance i.e. SC10 (700-FBW), SC10 (1.31-FI), SC10 (660-WG), SC15 (1.83-FCR), SC15 (37.18-BPEF), SC15 (2.23-BFEI), SC15 (97.66-Livability), SC15 (2.33- Mortality), immunity i.e. SC15 (4.79-day 14th) and SC10 (4.86-day 21st), economics i.e. SC10 (91-GR) and SC05 (36.98-Profit),and blood constituents i.e. SC10 (30.76-PCV), SC15 (994-Hb), SC15 (2.98-RBC), SC15 (10.25-WBC), SC10 (4.47-STP), SC10 (2.49-SA), SC15 (1.98-SG). The non-significant effect among the groups shows successful replacement of SC with soybean meal. In conclusion, based on the observing parameters incorporation of SC in replacement to soybean meal resulted in about similar and better performance in some traits shows successful inclusion therefore, could be used on mass level for start ration in boilers.

| Views 38 |

Effect of Saccharomyces cerevisiae on overall performance of broilers at starter phase

Akiba Y, Sato K, Takahashi K. 2001. Meat color modification in broiler chickens by feeding yeast Phaffia rhodozyma containing high concentrations of astaxanthin. Journal of Applied Poultry Research 10, 154-161.

Allan WH, Alexander DJ, Biggs PM, Bracewell CD, Darbyshire JH, Dawson PS, Harris AH, Jordan FT, MacPhersonI, McFerran JB, Randall CJ, Stuart JC, Swarbrick O, Wilding GP. 1983. A standard technique for haemag glutination inhibition tests for antibodies to avian infectious bronchitis virus. Veterinary  Research, 113, 64.

Al-Mansour S, Al-Khalf A, Al-Homidan I, Fathi MM. 2011. Feed Efficiency and Blood Hematology of Broiler Chicks Given a Diet Supplemented with Yeast Culture. International Journal of Poultry Science. 10, 603-607

Ampel M, Mirsky N, Yannai S. 2000. Prevention of lipid oxidation by glucose tolerance factor. Czech Journal of  Food Science 18, 142-143.

Ayanwale BA, Kpe M, Ayanwale VA. 2006. The effect of Supplementing Saccharomyces cerevisiaein the diets on egg laying and egg quality characteristics of pullets. International Journal of Poultry Scienc 5,  759-763.

Bonomi A, Bonomi BM, Quarantelli Orlandi A. 1999. Organic chromium in the feeding of broiler chickens. Riv. Science. Aliment 28, 385-397.

Brummer M, Jansen Van C,  Rensburg Moran CA. 2010. Saccharomyces cerevisiae cell wall products: The effects on gut morphology and performance of broiler chickens. South-African  Journal of  Animal  Science 40, 14-21.

Castagliulo I, Lacant T, Nikulassan ST, Pothoulakis. 1996. Protease inhibits Clostridium difficile toxin A effects in the rat lleum. Infection and  Immunology 64, 5225-5232.

Chen KL, Kho WL, You SH, Yeh RH, Tang SW, Hsieh CW. 2009. Effects of Bacillus subtilis varnatto and Saccharomyces cerevisiae mixed fermented feed on the enhanced growth performance of broilers. Poultr. Science, 88, 309-315.

Chowdhury SR, Smith TK, Boermans HJ, Woodward B. 2005. Effects of feed-borne Fusarium mycotoxins on hematology and immunology of laying hens. Poultry Science 84, 1841-1850.

Doumas BT, Biggs HG. 1972. Determination of serum globulin. In: Standard Methods of Clinical Chemistry. Edited by Coppe. G. R. New York Academic Press. 7, 234-238.

Doumas BT, Bayse DD, Carter RJ, Peters JT,  Schaffer RA. 1981. Candidate reference method for determination of total protein in serum. I. Development and validation, II. Tests for transferability. Clinical Chemistry Acta. 27, 1642-1654.

Doumas B, Watson W, Biggs H. 1971. Albumin standard and measurement of serum albumin with bromocresal green. Clinical. Chemistry. Acta. 31, 87-88.

Economic Survey of Pakistan. 2009-2010. Govt. of Pakistan. Finance Division Economic Advisor’s Wing, Islamabad.

Esonu BO, Ogbonna UD, Anyanwu GA, Emenalom OO, Uchegbu MC, Etuk EB, Udedibie ABI. 2006. Evaluation of performance, organ characteristics and economic analysis of broiler finisher fed dried rumen digesta. Internal Journal Poultry. Science 5, 1116-1118.

Fatufe AA, Matanmi IO, Alalade AO. 2010. Performance and carcass characteristics of growing rabbits fed bacterial protein meal. African, Journal. Food and . Agriculture. Nutrational. Development 10, 2413-2426.

Gao J, Zang HJ, Yu SH, Wu SG, Yoon JQ, Gao, YP, Qi GH. 2008. Effects of yeast culture in broiler diets on performance and immunomodulatory functions. Poultry. Science 87, 1377-1384.

Gheisari AA, Kholeghipour B. 2006. Effect of dietary inclusion of live yeast (Sacchromyces cerevisiae) on growth performance, immune responses and blood parameters of broiler chickens. EPC-XII European Poultry Conference, Verona Italy, 10-14 P.

Hadj Ayed M, Laamari  Rekik B. 2004. Effects of incorporating an antibiotic “Avilamycin” and a probiotic “Activis” in broiler diets. Proceedings, Western Section, American Society of Animal Science

Vol. 55.

Hassanein SM, Soliman NK. 2010. Effect of probiotic (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) adding to diets on intestinal microflora and performance of hy-line layer hens. Journal American Science 6(11), 159-169.

Hooge DM. 2004. Meta-analysis of broiler chicken pen trials evaluating dietary mannan oligo saccharide. International Journalof Poultry Science 3, 163–174.

Huff GR, Huff WE, Rath NC, Tellez G. 2006. Limited treatment with â-1,3/1,6-glucan improves production values of broiler chickens challenged with Escherichia coli. Poultry Science 85, 613–618.

Iji PA, Saki A, Tivey DR. 2001. Body and intestinal growth of broiler chicks on a commercial starter diet. 1. Intestinal weight and mucosal development. British Poultry Science. 42, 505-513.

Incharoen T, Khambualai O, Yamauchi K. 2009. Performance and histological changes of the intestinal villi in chickens fed dietary zeolite including plant extract. Asian Journal of Poultry. Science 3, 42-50.

Jensen GS, Patterson KM, Yoon I. 2008. Yeast culture has anti-inflammatory effects and specifically activates NK cells. Comp. Immunol. Microbiol. Infection and  Diseases. 31, 487-500.

Kahraman R, Abas I, Bostan K, Tanor A, Kocabagli N, Alp M. 1997. Effect of organic acids and yeast culture on performance, ileum pH and enterobacteriaceae population of broiler. Pendik Veterinary  Mikr Dergisi, 28, 171-180.

Kanat R, Calialar S. 1996. A research on the comparison effect on broiler chickens performance of active dried yeast and inactivated and stabilized probiotic yeast supplemented to the rations in different levels. Poultry Science 75, 123. Abstr.

Karaoglu M, Durdag H. 2005. The influence of dietary probiotic (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) supplementation an different slaughter age on the performance, slaugter andcarcass properties of broilers. International Journal of Poultry. Science 4, 309-316.

Lee JI, Kim YD, Kim DY, Choi YI, Ahn JN, Chae HS, Choi JH. 2002. Effects of Saccharomyces cerevisiae on growth performance and meat quality of broiler chickens. Proc Journal Animal Science Technology 34 P.

Madriqal SA, WatkinsSE,  Adams MH,  Waldroup AL, Waldroup PW. 1993. Effect of an active yeast culture on performance of broilers. International journal of poultry science72, 87-95.

Manal K, Abou El- Naga. 2012.  Effect of dietary yeast supplementation on broiler performance. Egyptian. Poultry. Science 32(1), 95-106.

Morales-Lopez R, AuclairE, Garcia F, Esteve-Garcia E, Brufau J. 2009. Use of yeast cell walls; $-1,3/1,6-glucans and mannoproteins in broiler chicken diets. Poultry. Science., 88, 601-607.

Naila C, Ihsanuddin, Rifat Ullah K. 2014. Replacement of Soybean Meal with Yeast Single Cell Protein in Broiler Ration: The Effect on Performance Traits. Pakistan Journal of  Zoology,  46, 1753-1758.

Natt MP, Herrick CA. 1952. A new blood diluent for counting erythrocytes and leucocytes of the chickens. Poultry. Science 31, 735-738.

Onifade AA, Babatunde GM, Afonja SA, Ademola SG, Adesina EA. 1998. The effect of a yeast culture addition to a low-protein diet on the performance and carcass characteristics of broiler chickens. Poultry. Science 77(1), 44. Abstr.

Ozsoy B, Yalcin S. 2011. The effects of dietary supplementation of yeast culture on performance, blood parameters and immune system in broiler turkeys. Ankara Univ. Vet. Fak. Derg,  58, 117-122.

Paryad A, Mahmoudi M. 2008. Effect of different

levels of supplemental yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) on performance, blood constituents and carcass characteristics of broiler chicks. African  Journal of  Agricultural Research. 3, 835-842.

Rosen GD. 2007. Holo-analysis of the efficacy of Bio-Mos in broiler nutrition. British Poultry Science 48, 21–26.

Said EM, El-Sheikh. 2012. Effect of different levels of single cell protein (scp) on performance of growing rabbits. Egyptian Poultry. Science, 32, 305-317.

Sarker S, Mandal L, Dbanerjee G, Sarker SS. 1996. Comparative efficiency of different types of yeasts on the performance of broilers. International Veterinary  Journal, 73, 224-226.

Savage TF,  Nakaue HS, Holmes ZA. 1985. Effects of feeding a live yeast culture on market turkey performance and cooked meat characteristics. Nutrition and Reproduction. International 3, 695-703.

Shahzad MA, Rajoka M. 2011. Single cell protein production from Aspergillus terreus and its evaluation in broiler chicks. International. Journal. Bioscience. Biochemistry. Bioinformatics, 1, 137- 141.

Shareef AM, Al-Dabbagh ASA. 2009. Effect of probiotic (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) on performance of broiler chicks. Iranian. Journal Veterinary. Science 23, 23-29.

Sharif M, Shahzad MA, Rehman S, Khan S, Ali R, Khan ML, Khan K. 2012. Nutritional evaluation of distillery sludge and its effect as a substitute of canola meal on performance of broiler chickens. Asian-Aust. Journal of  Animal . Science 25, 401 -409.

Silva VK, Della Torre da Silva J, Torres KAA, de Faria Filho D, Hirota Hada F, Barbosa de Moraes VM. 2009. Humoral immune response of broilers fed diets containing yeast extract and prebiotics in the prestarter phase and raised at different temperatures. Journal Applied Poultry. Research, 18, 530-540.

Stanley VG, Brown C, Sefton AE. 2000. Comparative evaluation of a yeast culture, mannan oligosaccharide and an antibiotic on performance of turkeys. Poultry Science.79, Supp. 1, 117.

Thongsong B, Kalandakanond-Thongsong S, Chavananikul V. 2008. Effects of the addition of probiotic containing both bacteria and yeast or an antibiotic on performance parameters, mortalityrate and antibiotic residue in broilers. Thai. Journal of  Veterinary. Medicine 38, 17-26.

Yalcin S, Ozsoy B, Erol H. 2008. Yeast culture supplementation to laying hen diets containing soybean meal or sunflower seed meal and its effect on performance. Journal Applied Poultry Research, 17, 229-236.

Yalcinkaya I, Basalan M, Gungor T. 2008. Effects of mannan oligosaccharide (MOS) from Saccharomyces cerevisiae on some internal, gastrointestinal and carcass parameters in broilers. Journal of Animal  and Veterinary. Advances 7, 789-792.

Yang Y, Iji PA, Kocher A, Thomson E, Mikkelsen LL, Choct M. 2008. Effects of mannanoligosaccharide in broiler chicken diets on growth performance, energy utilization, nutrient digestibility, and intestinal microflora. British. Poultry. Science 49, 186–194.

Yu B, Chiou PWS. 1997. The morphological changes of intestinal mucosa in growing rabbits. Laboratory Animals 31, 254–263.

Zaharudeen D, Butswat ISRD, Kalla JU, SirS M, Bukar MT. 2005. Effect of frequency of ejaculation on semen characteristics of two breeds of turkeys (Maleagris gallapavo) raised in a tropical

environment. Journal of Poultry. Science 4, 217-221.

Zhang AW,  Lee BD, Lee SK, Lee KW, An GH, Song KB, Lee CH. 2005. Effects of yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) cell components on growth performance, meat quality, and ileal mucosa development of broiler chicks. Poultry. Science 84, 1015–1021.

Muhammad Inam, Sarzamin Khan, Asad Sultan, Nazir Ahmad Khan.
Effect of Saccharomyces cerevisiae on overall performance of broilers at starter phase.
Int. J. Biosci. 11(1), 42-53, July 2017.
http://www.innspub.net/ijb/effect-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-overall-performance-broilers-starter-phase/
Copyright © 2017
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update