International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Effect of incubation temperature on lesion diameter of Penicillium expansum on apple fruit varieties

By: Abdul Sattar, Abid Riaz, Nasir Mehmood, Rubab Altaf, Amir Afzal, Zobia Jabeen

Key Words: Golden delicious, Incubation, Lesion diameter, Temperature, Red delicious

Int. J. Biosci. 12(1), 1-5, January 2018.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/12.1.1-5

Certification: ijb 2018 0180 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Current research work was conducted to determine impact of various genotypes and heat on shelf life of apple. Study was carried out in vitro. Effect of temperature on lesion diameter of fungal growth in most prominent apple fruit varieties growing in Pakistan was assessed. Four temperature (5, 15, 25 and 35°C) treatments were provided to fruits of each variety after inoculation with spore suspension adjusted at 106spores/ml and growth of P. expansum was measured for 12 days at 3 days interval. Pathogen showed maximum growth (23mm) at 25°C while minimum (11mm) at 5°C in all varieties and moderate growth was observed at 15°C and 35°C. Golden delicious apple which have thin cuticle and prone to injuries more frequently as compared to other varieties was found most susceptible at all temperatures while Red delicious proved to be the most resistant against growth of pathogen at all temperature sets comparatively. It was concluded that Red delicious is most resistant against pathogen studied consequently can be saved for longer time without providing extraordinary conditions while Golden delicious apple should be kept in special environment to reduce damage of product after harvesting due to its most susceptibility against blue most disease.

| Views 250 |

Effect of incubation temperature on lesion diameter of Penicillium expansum on apple fruit varieties

Alvarez JS, Thorne S. 1981. The effect of temperature on the deterioration of stored horticultural produce, p 215-237. In S. Thorne (Ed.) development in food preservation-1, applied science, London.

Baert  K, Valero A, De Meulenaer B, Samapundo S, Ahmed MM, Bo L, Debevere J, Devlieghere F. 2007. Modeling the effect of temperature on the growth rate and lag phase of Penicillium expansum in apples. International Journal of Food Microbiology 118(2007), 139–150.

Brasil.Ministério da Agricultura, Pecuária e

Abastecimento MAPA. Brasildeveiniciarexportação de manga para o  Japãoemjunho. MAPA. 2005. Disponívelem: Acessoem: 17 dez. 2011.

http://extranet.agricultura.gov.br/pls/pubacs_cons/!ap_detalhe_noticia_cons?p_id_publicacao=3536

Coelho AR, Celli MC, Ono EYS, Wosiacki G, Hoffmann FL, Pagnocca FC, Hirooka EY. .2007. Penicillium expansum versus antagonist yeasts and patulin degradation in vitro. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology 50, 725–733.

Fernandez-Cruz ML, Mansilla ML, Tadeo JL. 2010.Mycotox­ins in fruits and their processed products: Analysis, occur­ance and health implications. Journal of  Advance  Research  1, 113-122.

Gatto, MA, Ippolito A, Linsalata M, Cascarano NA, Nigro F, Vanadia S, Di Venere D. 2011. Activity of extracts from wild edible herbs against postharvest fungal diseases of fruit and vegetables. Postharvest Biol Technol 61, 72-82.

Ilyas, MB, Ghazanfar MU, Khan MA, Khan CA, Bhatti MAR. 2007. Post harvest losses in apple and banana during transport and storage. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural  Science  44(3), 534.

Jan I, Rab A, Sajid M. 2012. Storage performance of apple cultivars harvested at different Stages of maturity. The Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences, 22(2), 2012, Page: 438-447 ISSN: 1018-7081.

Lahlali. 2006. Etude etmodélisation du comportementécologique de Botrytis cinereaPers. etP. Expansum Link. et de deuxlevuresantagonistes Candida oleophila (soucheO) et Pichiaanomala (souche K) vis-à-vis de cespathogènes de pommes enpost-récolte (Ph.D in French). Gembloux Agricultural University. Belgium. 155 p.

Lahlali R, Serrhini MN, Jijakali MH. 2005. Studying and Modelling of the combined effect of water activity and temperature on growth rate of P. expansum. International Journal of Food Microbiology 103, 315-322.

LeBlanc, Stark DIR, MacNeil B, Goguen B, Beraulieu C. 1996. Perishable food temperature in retail stores. New Development in refrigeration for Food Safety and Quality. International Institute Commission 6, 42-57.

Magan N, Lacey L. 1988.Ecological determinants of Mould growth in stored grain. International Journal of Food Microbiology 7:245-256.

MINFA. 2012. Ministry of Food, Agri. Livestock, Food Agriculture and livestock Division. Agric. Statistics of Pakistan (Economic wing) Islamabad (Page No. 93).

Mukhtar P, Gilani AH, Bhatty N. 2010.Some nutritional and microbiological aspects of apples of common varieties available for household consumption. The Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences. 20(4).

Pasanen AL, Kalliokoski P, Pasanen P. 1991. Laboratory studies on the relationship between fungal growth and atmospheric temperature and humidity. Environment International 17, 225-228.

Plaza P, Usall J, Teixido N, Vinas I. 2003.Effect of water activity and temperature on germination and growth of Penicillium digitatum, P. italicum and Geotrichum candidum. Journal of Applied Microbilogy 94, 549-554.

Saleh AM, Ghafir O, Suliman O, Gadalla, Benissa N, Murajei El-Nady MF. 2009. Physiological and anatomical comparison between four different apple cultivars under cold storage conditions. Acta Biol. 53(1), 21-26.

Sattar A, Riaz A, Ahmed S, Hasan I. 2014. Efficacy of selected Plant Extracts For Inhibition of Penicillium expansum Growth On Apple Fruits, Pak. J. Phytopathol. 26(01), 2014. 63-66.

Shah NA, Khan S, Kasi MA, Khair SM. 2002. Post harvest and cold storage losses in apple of Balochistan. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences. 1(1), 65-66.

Tripathy P, Dubey NK, Shukla AK. 2008. Use of some Essential oils as Post-Harvest Botanical Fungicides in the management of grey mould of grapes caused by Botrytis cinerea. World Journal of Microbiol Biotechnology 24, 39-46.

Watkins, CB, Rosenberger DA. 2002. Cornell Fruit Handling and Storage Newsletter. pp: 14. www.hort.cornell.edu/department/faculty/wa tkins/extpubs.html

Zain ME. 2011. Impact of mycotoxins on humans and animals. Journal of Saudi Chemical Society 15, 129-144.

Abdul Sattar, Abid Riaz, Nasir Mehmood, Rubab Altaf, Amir Afzal, Zobia Jabeen.
Effect of incubation temperature on lesion diameter of Penicillium expansum on apple fruit varieties.
Int. J. Biosci. 12(1), 1-5, January 2018.
http://www.innspub.net/ijb/effect-of-incubation-temperature-on-lesion-diameter-of-penicillium-expansum-on-apple-fruit-varieties/
Copyright © 2018
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update