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Effect of incorporating different concentrations of palm oil as adjuvant in fish vaccine

By: Sa’aidatun Asyikin Aminudin, Farina Mustaffa Kamal, Mohd Zamri-Saad, Siti-Zahrah Abdullah, Mohd Syafiq Ridzuan, Hanan Mohd Yusoff, Shahidan Hashim, Fahmi Sudirwan, Ismail Md. Salihin, Suphia-Amiera Sulaiman

Key Words: Optimal dosage, Adjuvants, Vaccines, Streptococcosis, Tilapia

Int. J. Biosci. 12(1), 35-41, January 2018.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/12.1.35-41

Certification: ijb 2018 0184 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Adjuvants play important role in vaccine efficacy due to the slow release that leads to prolong immune response. This study determines the advantage of palm oil as adjuvant in the newly developed feed-based killed vaccine against streptococcosis. One thousand two hundred red tilapia of approximately 100g bodyweight were divided into 3 major groups. Group 1 consisted of 500 fish and was further divided into 5 sub-groups with replicate. Group 2 consisted of 600 fish and was further divided into 6 sub-groups while Group 3 with 100 fish in replicate. Fish of Group 1 were vaccinated with the feed-based killed vaccine containing 0%, 3%, 5% and 7% Freund’s incomplete adjuvant (FIA) at weeks 0, 2 and 6. Group 2 was similarly vaccinated with the vaccine containing palm oil adjuvant (POA) at concentrations of 0%, 3%, 5%, 7% & 10%. Group 3 was control without vaccination. On week 10, all fish were challenged intraperitoneally with 2.6 x 109 cfu/ ml of live Streptococcus agalactiae. Serum samples were collected at weekly intervals from all replicates and were subjected to ELISA to determine the systemic antibody responses. Immunization by both POA and FIA resulted in significant (p<0.05) increase in the serum antibody levels (IgM) as early as week 1, while the level in the control group remained insignificant (p>0.05). The 10% palm oil adjuvant (POA) stimulated the best systemic immune responses resulting in 70% survival rate after challenge.

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Effect of incorporating different concentrations of palm oil as adjuvant in fish vaccine

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Sa’aidatun Asyikin Aminudin, Farina Mustaffa Kamal, Mohd Zamri-Saad, Siti-Zahrah Abdullah, Mohd Syafiq Ridzuan, Hanan Mohd Yusoff, Shahidan Hashim, Fahmi Sudirwan, Ismail Md. Salihin, Suphia-Amiera Sulaiman.
Effect of incorporating different concentrations of palm oil as adjuvant in fish vaccine.
Int. J. Biosci. 12(1), 35-41, January 2018.
http://www.innspub.net/ijb/effect-incorporating-different-concentrations-palm-oil-adjuvant-fish-vaccine/
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