International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Effect of different substrates on vegetative growth and quality of cast iron (Aspidistra elatior L.)

By: Adeel Shahid, Rashid Hussain, Atif Riaz, Adnan Younis, Muhammad Mansoor Javaid, Syed Zakir Hussain Shah, SaharRashid, Saif Ali, Muhammad Wasim Haider, Ahmad Raza

Key Words: Growing media, Peat, Potted plants, Organic substrates

Int. J. Biosci. 10(3), 297-308, March 2017.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/10.3.297-308

Abstract

Cast iron (Aspidistra elatior L.) is a rhizomatous foliage perennial plant which is extensively cultivated as an indoor houseplant. Growing media plays an important role in plant growth and development particularly for indoor potted plants. Peat based growing media are being extensively used in growing ornamental plants, whereas it is very expensive and there is immense need to replace peat based growing media by evaluating other organic substrates. Pot experiment was conducted to evaluate growth performance of cast iron using various potting media in different combinations: i.e. garden soil, peat moss, leaf manure, compost, coconut fiber and farm yard manure at the ratio of 1:1 (v/v)to evaluate the best growing media for growth and quality of Aspidistra elatior L. Various morphological parameters including survival percentage, length of leaves, petiole length, roots length, rhizome length, leaf area, number of leaves/plant, fresh and dry weight of roots and fresh and dry weight of leaves were recorded using standard methods. Treatment T2 (peat + farm yard manure + leaf compost) showed best results among all the treatments for the parameters of foliage quality, number of leaves, number of roots, fresh and dry weight of leaves, dry weight of roots and rhizome length. Growing medium analysis showed that growing medium with less water holding capacity, low nutrients and less organic matter can be altered with alteration in organic materials using different combinations at different rates.

| Views 17 |

Effect of different substrates on vegetative growth and quality of cast iron (Aspidistra elatior L.)

Abad M, Noguera P, Bure´s S. 2001. National inventory of organic wastes for use as growing media for ornamental potted plantproduction: case study in Spain. Bioresource Technology77(2), 197–200.

Abou-Dahah AM, Badawy EM, Sarhan AI, Mansour HA. 1987. Effect of growing media, NPK fertilizer rate on the growth of Aspidistra lurida. ActaHorticulturae 205, 267-273.

Abouzari A, Rouhi S, Eslami A, Kaviani B. 2012. Comparison of the effect of different soilless growing media on the growth characteristics of benjamin tree (Ficus benjamina). International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 14(6), 985-988.

Akparobi SO. 2009. Effect of farmyard manures on the growth and yield of Amaranthus cruentus. Horticultural Science 10(2),  67-78.

Alidoust M, Torkashvand AM, Khomami AM. 2012.The effect of growth medium of peanut shells compost and nutrient solution on the growth of dracaena. Annals of Biological Research 3(2), 789-794.

Benito M, De Antonio R, Masaguer A. 2000. Evaluacio´n delcompost vegetal, procedente de restos de poda, comosustrato decultivo. Actas de Horticultura 32, 319–326.

Bhattacharya P, Dey S, Bhattacharya BC. 1994.Use of low cost gelling agents and support matrices for industrial scale plant tissue culture. Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture 37(15), 15-23.

https:// doi.org/ 10.1007/BF00048112

Bugbee GJ, Frink CR. 1989. Composted waste as a peat substitutein peat-lite media. Hort Science 24(4), 625–627.

Cardens MCA, Gomez IFR, Ronacancio VJF, Cordoba BC, Canola PW. 2006. Growth analysis of standard carnation cv. ‘Nelson’ in different substrate. Acta Horticulturae 718, 623-630.

Chapman HD, Parker ER. 1961. Determination of NPK method of analysis for soil, plant and waters. Plant Division, Agriculture University, California, USA 150-179.

Chen Y, Inbar Y, Hadar Y. 1988. Composted agricultural wastesas potting media for ornamental plants. Soil Science 154, 298–303.

El-Naggar AH, El-Nasharty AB. 2009. Effect of growing media and mineral fertilization on growth, flowering, bulbs productivity and chemical constituents of Hippeastrum vittatu herb.American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences 6(3), 360-371.

Garcia-Gomez A, Bernal MP, Roig A. 2002. Growth of ornamental plants in two composts prepared from agro industrial wastes. Bioresource Technology 83(2), 8-87.

https://doi.org/10.1016/ S0960-8524(01)00211-5

Grantzau E, Scharpe HC. 1984. Bark substrates for the culture of Elatior begonias. Deutscher Garfcenu 38, 918-920.

Grigatti M. 2008. Growth and nutritional status of bedding plants on compost based growing media. Acta Horticulturae 614-619.

(https://doi.org/10. 17660/ActaHortic.2008.779.78).

Hartz TK, Costa FJ, Schrader WL. 1996. Suitability of composted green waste for horticultural uses. Hort Science 31(6), 961–964.

Hegberg BA, Hallenbach WA, Brenniman GR, Wadden RA. 1991. Setting standards for yard waste compost. Biocycle 32, 58–61.

Kambooh CMS. 1984.Desi Khadein, ZaratNama 23(24), 26-28.

Khan S, Khan AH, Iqbal A, Rehman MJ. 2002. Effect of different media on growth and quality of gladiolus (Gladiolus hortulanus cv. Jacksonville Gold). Asian Journal of Plant Science and Research 1(6), 670-671.

(https://doi.org/10.3923/ajps.2002. 670.671).

Kumar S, Haripriya K. 2010. Effect of growth retardants on growth, flowering and yield of Nerium (Nerium odorum L.). Plant Archives 10(2), 681-684.

Larson EL. 1980.Introduction to Floriculture. Academic Press, London 607.

Mc Lean EO. 1982. Soil pH and lime requirement. In: Page AL, Ed. Methods of Soil Analysis, Part II. Chemical and microbiological properties. Madison, WI, USA: American Society of Agronomy 199-224.

Nazari F, Farahmand H, Khui MK, Salehi H. 2011. Effects of coir as a component of potting media on growth, flowering and physiological characteristics of Hyacinth (Hyacinthus orientalic  L. cv. Sonbol-e-Irani). International Journal of Agricultural and Food Science 1(2), 34-38.

Nelson PV. 1991. Greenhouse operation and management. 4th Ed. Reston Publishing Co. Reston, Virginia 44.

Olsen SR, Cole CV, Watanabe FS, Dean LA. 1954. Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. United States Department of Agriculture 939.

Papafotiou M, Phsyhalou M, Kargas G, Chatzipavlidis I, Chornopoulos J. 2004. Olive mill wastes compost as growing medium component for the production of poinsettia. Scientia Horticulturae 102, 167-175.

(https://doi.org/10.1016 /j.scienta.2003.11.016).

Piamonti F, Stringari G, Zorzi G. 1997. Use of compost in soilless cultivation. Compost Science and Utilization 5, 38–46.

Poole RT, Conover CA. 1982. Influence of leaching, fertilizer source and rate, and potting media on foliage plant growth, quality and utilization. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Sciences 107(5), 793-797.

Poole RT. 1970. Rooting response of four ornamental species propagated in various media. Scientia Horticulturae 82, 393-397.

Raviv M, Chen Y, Inbar Y. 1986. Peat and peat substitutes as growth media for container grown plants. In: Chen Y, Avnimelech A, Ed. The Role of Organic Matter in Modern Agriculture. Martinus Nijh off Publishers, Dordrecht 257-287.

Raviv M. 2008. The use of compost in growing media as suppressive agent against soil borne diseases. Acta Horticulturae 779, 39-49.

https://doi. org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2008.779.2

Riaz A, Arshad M, Younis A, Raza A, Hameed M. 2008. Effect of different growing media on the growth and flowering of Zinnia eleganscv. Blue Point. Pakistan Journal of Botany 40(4), 1579-1585.

Richards LA. 1954. Diagnosis and Improvement of Saline and Alkali Soils. USDA Handbook. Washington, DC 60.

Salinity Lab Staff US. 1954. Diagnosis and Improvement of Saline and Alkali Soil. USDA Handbook. USA 58-74.

Scagel FC. 2003. Growth and nutrient use of ericaceous plants grown in medial amended with sphagnum moss peat or coir dust. Horticultural Science 38(1), 46-54.

Shah M, Khattak AM, Amin N. 2006. Effects of different growing media on the rooting of Ficus binnendijkii ‘Amstel Queen’ cuttings. Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science 1(3), 15-17.

Spiers TM, Fietje G. 2000. Green waste compost as a component in soilless growing media. Compost Science and Utilization 8, 19–23. https://doi.org/10.1080/1065657X.2000.10701745.

Verdonck O. 1984. Reviewing and evaluation of new materials used as substrates. Acta Horticulturae 150,  467–473.

https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1984. 150.50

Verdonck O. 1988. Composts from organic waste materials as substitutes for the usual horticultural substrates. Biological Wastes 26, 325-330.

DOI: 10.1016/0269-7483(88)90138-3.

Viradia RR, Singh SP. 2004. Production of quality rose’s cv. Gladiator as influenced by nitrogen nutrition and plant density. Scientia Horticulturae  9, 159-163.

Walkley A. 1947. A critical examination of a rapid method for determining organic carbon in soils: Effect of variations in digestion conditions and of organic soil constituents. Soil Science 63, 251-263.

Wilson SB, Stoffella PJ, Graetz DA. 2001. Evaluation of compost as an amendment to commercial mixes used for container grown golden shrimp plant production. Hort Technology 11, 31-35.

Worrall RJ. 1981. Comparison of composted hardwood and peat based media for production of seedlings. Scientia Horticulturae 15(4), 311-319.

https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-4238(81)90085-6

Zawadzinska A, Janicka D. 2007. Effects of compost media on growth and flowering of parviflorous garden pansy (Viola x wittrockiana). Acta Agro Botanica 60(2), 161-166.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5586/aa.2007.045

Adeel Shahid, Rashid Hussain, Atif Riaz, Adnan Younis, Muhammad Mansoor Javaid, Syed Zakir Hussain Shah, SaharRashid, Saif Ali, Muhammad Wasim Haider, Ahmad Raza. 2017. Effect of different substrates on vegetative growth and quality of cast iron (Aspidistra elatior L.). Int. J. Biosci. 10(3), 297-308.
http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/10.3.297-308
Copyright © 2017
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update