Comparison of some Italian and Iraqi bread wheat varieties in respond to Eco-zinc application
By: Fathi Abdulkareem Omer
Key Words: Wheat varieties, Eco-zinc, Fertilizer, Growth, Yield
Int. J. Biosci. 10(1), 6-15, January 2017.
This study was carried out at the fields of Agricultural College, University of Duhok during the growing season 2015/16 to investigate the performance of four wheat varieties; Zanzibar, Nogal (new Italian varieties), Adana-99, and Al-Iraq (local varieties) in respond to eco-zinc fertilizer application (control, seed soaking in eco-zinc, foliar application of eco-zinc, and conventional NPK fertilizer) under rainfed conditions of Duhok province. The experiment was arranged in RCBD design with three replications. Both local varieties were superior in field emergence and plant height as compared to Italian varieties, whereas the Italian surpassed local varieties in most of spike characteristics and harvest index but inferior in 1000 grains weight and the later was the most effective trait in which affected grain qualities for the two new varieties. Each of Nogal (4577 kg.ha-1) and Adana-99 (4552 kg.ha-1) varieties significantly produced higher grain yield and biomass yield. Most of growth characteristics were not affected by the application of eco-zinc fertilizer while the spike density enhanced significantly (F Prob.= 0.008). The final grain yield was significant and higher when seed soaked in eco-zinc solution (4609 kg.ha-1).The two Italian were late in maturity for about 10 days from the local varieties and this was the reason for extending the grain filling period to correspond the stress of high temperatures and low moisture in May, and accordingly they are not recommended to be sown under similar conditions unless an alternative source of supplementary irrigation is available.
Comparison of some Italian and Iraqi bread wheat varieties in respond to Eco-zinc application
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