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Comparative study of food and feeding habits of the Sompat grunt Pomadasys jubelini (Cuvier, 1830) Perciformes, Haemulidae in three lagoons complex of Côte d’Ivoire: Grand-Lahou, Ebrie and Aby

By: Iridjé Marcelle Bodji, Kouadio Justin Konan, Soumaïla Sylla, Boua Celestin Atsé

Key Words: Sompat grunt, Pomadasys jubelini, Feeding habits, Lagoons complex, Côte d’Ivoire, West Africa

Int. J. Biosci. 10(4), 323-332, April 2017.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/10.4.323-332

Abstract

The feeding habits of Pomadasys jubelini was investigated in the three lagoons (Grand-Lahou, Ebrie and Aby) from January 2007 to December 2008. The diet was studied in relation to localities, fish size and seasons. A total of 2284 stomachs were examined. The index of relative importance (%IRI) showed that P. jubelini had an omnivorous diet with benthophagous tendency in all lagoons. Crustaceans, Gastropods, Bivalves, Insects, Annelids and Plants were the major feed. Juveniles (Fork Length (FL) < 13.20cm in Grand-Lahou, FL < 11.75cm in Ebrie and FL < 12.35cm in Aby lagoons) consumed Insects principally Chironomid larvae, while sub adults (13.20 - 15.20cm FL, 11.75 - 13.42cm FL, 12.35 - 14.52cm FL in Grand-Lahou, Ebrie and Aby lagoons respectively) and adults (>15.20cm FL, >13.42 cm FL, >14.52cm FL in Grand-Lahou, Ebrie and Aby lagoons respectively) fed mainly on Crustaceans, Annelids, Molluscs and Plants. In Grand-Lahou lagoon, Spearman correlation showed a significant difference between diet of juveniles (N = 12; Rs = 0.54; p = 0.068), sub adults (N = 12; Rs = 0.23; p = 0.47) and adults (N = 12; Rs = 0.48; p = 0.11) of P. jubeliniin all seasons.

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Comparative study of food and feeding habits of the Sompat grunt Pomadasys jubelini (Cuvier, 1830) Perciformes, Haemulidae in three lagoons complex of Côte d’Ivoire: Grand-Lahou, Ebrie and Aby

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Iridjé Marcelle Bodji, Kouadio Justin Konan, Soumaïla Sylla, Boua Celestin Atsé.
Comparative study of food and feeding habits of the Sompat grunt Pomadasys jubelini (Cuvier, 1830) Perciformes, Haemulidae in three lagoons complex of Côte d’Ivoire: Grand-Lahou, Ebrie and Aby.
Int. J. Biosci. 10(4), 323-332, April 2017.
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