International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Comparative study of Culicidae biodiversity of Manoka island and Youpwe mainland area, Littoral, Cameroon

By: Abdou Talipouo, Patrick Ntonga Akono, Darus Tagne, Arthur Mbida Mbida, Josiane Etang, Roméo Tchoffo Fobasso, Wolfgang Ekoko, Jerome Binyang, Alain Dongmo

Key Words: Wouri river estuary, Littoral-Cameroon, Culicidae fauna, Species richness

Int. J. Biosci. 10(4), 9-18, April 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/10.4.9-18

Abstract

A comparative study of the Culicidae biodiversity was carried out on the island of Manoka and Youpwe mainland area, in the Wouri river estuary in Cameroon. This study aimed to identify the mosquito species in the two localities and to compare their abundances for a good planning of the mosquito control on Manoka island. Mosquito surveys were conducted during the dry and rainy seasons. Two methods made it possible simultaneously to sample the larval populations by dipping and aggressive fauna by the human landing catches. Collected mosquitoes were morphologically identified using determination keys and those belonging to Anopheles gambiae complex by molecular biology using the Polymerase Chain Reaction-Fragment Lengt Polymorphism. We compared mosquito abundance and diversity across the two ecological zones. A total of 7,425 mosquitoes belonging to 12 species were identified, 11 species at Manoka and 9 species at Youpwe. Mosquito’s abundances varied with ecological site. At Manoka, 66.83% (n=2,441) of the collected mosquitoes was the Anophelinae whereas in Youpwe, the subfamily of Culicinae was dominant with 80.10% (n=3023) of the collected mosquitoes. However, the crossing of the two profiles of diversity does not enable us to say that a community is more varied than the other. The presence of Anopheles moucheti at Youpwe causes a risk of importation of this species at Manoka. These results bring significant knowledge which could contribute to the development of a judicious mosquito control strategy on the island of Manoka.

| Views 82 |

Comparative study of Culicidae biodiversity of Manoka island and Youpwe mainland area, Littoral, Cameroon

Agbanrin R, Padonou G, Yadouléton A, Attolou R, Badirou K, Govoecthan R, Gnangenon V, Sovi A, Anagonou R, Akogbéto M. 2015. Abundance and diversity of culicidae fauna at Cotonou in southern Benin. International Journal of Current Research 7, 14085-14091.

Amarasinghe A, Kuritsk JN, Letson GW,  Margolis HS. 2011. Dengue virus infection in Africa.

Emerging Infectious Diseases 17, 1349-1354.

Antonio Nkondjio C, Kerah CH, Simard F, Awono Ambene P, Chouaibou M, Tchuinkam T, Fontenille D. 2006. Complexity of the malaria vectorial system in Cameroon: contribution of secondary vectors to malaria transmission. Journal of Medical Entomology 43, 1215-1221.

Antonio-Nkondjio C, Defo-Talom B, Tagne-Fotso R, Tene-Fossog B, Ndo C, Lehman LG, Tchuinkam T, Kengne P, Awono Ambene P. 2012. High mosquito burden and malaria transmission in a district of the city of Douala, Cameroon. BMC Infectious Diseases 12, 1.

Barbault R. 1992. Ecologie des peuplements (Structure, dynamique et évolution). Masson Editions, 272p.

Darriet F, Robert V, Carnevale P. 1986. Nouvelles perspectives de lutte contre Culex quinquefasciatus dans la ville de Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso). Congrès « L’Eau, la Ville et le Développement », I.S.T.E.D, Marseille.

Emassi Ngamaleu CA. 2013. Recensement des activités lies à la pêche à Manoka. Rapport d’insertion professionnelle, Institut des Sciences Halieutique, Université de Douala, 66 p.

 Etang J, Mbida Mbida A, Akono Ntonga P, Binyang JA,. Eboumbou Moukoko CE, Lehman LG, Awono Ambene P, Talipouo A, Ekoko WE, Tagne D, Tchoffo R, Mimpfoundi R. 2016. Anopheles coluzzii larval habitat and insecticide resistance in the island area of Manoka, Cameroon, BMC Infectious Diseases 16, 1.

Fanello C, Santolamazza F, Della Torre A. 2002. Simultaneous identification of species and molecular forms of the Anopheles gambiae complex by PCR/RFLP, Medical and Veterinary Entomology

16, 461-4.

Fontenille D, Toto JC. 2001. Aedes (stegomia) albopictus (skuse), a potential new dengue vector in southern Cameroon. Emerging Infectious Diseases 7, 1066-1067.

Fontenille D, Cohuet A,  Awono-Ambene P,  Antonio-Nkondjio C, Wondji C, Kengne P, Dia I, Boccolini D, Duchemin JB, Rajaonarivelo V, Dabire R, Adja AM, Ceainu C, Le Goff G, Simard F. 2003. Systématique et biologie des anophèles vecteurs de Plasmodium en Afrique, données récentes. Médecine Tropicale 63, 247-253.

Fontenille D, Simard F. 2004. Unravelling complexities in human malaria transmission dynamics in Africa through a comprehensive knowledge of vector populations. Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and  Infectious Diseases 27, 357- 375.

Gillies MT, De Meillon B. 1968. The Anophelinae of Africa south of the Sahara. Publications of the South African Institute for Medical Research.

Gillies MT, Coetzee M. 1987. A Supplement to the Anophelinae of Africa South of the Sahara. Publications of the South African Institute for Medical Research.

Gratz NG. 1999. Emerging and resurging vector-borne diseases, Annual review of entomology 44, 51-75.

Hadji M, Belghyti D, EL Assal M, Elomari F, Rahmoun H. 2013. Etude entomologique, physico-chimique des gîtes larvaires de Anopheles, Culex. Science Lib 5,13020626.

Holstein M. 1949. Guide pratique de l’anophélisme en A.O.F. Dakar, Direction générale de la Sante publique, 55 p.

Juliano A. 1998. Species introduction and

replacement among mosquitoes: interspecific resource competition or apparent competition?

Ecology 79, 255–268.

Juliano A, Lounibos LP, O’Meara GF. 2004. A field test for competitive effects of Aedes albopictus on A. aegypti in South Florida: Differences between sites of coexistence and exclusion? Oecologia 139, 583–593 .

 

Jupp G. 1996. Mosquitoes of Southern Africa: Culicinae and Toxorhynchitinae, Ekogilde Pubs. 155 p

Kamdem C, Tene Fossog B, Simard F, Etouna J, Ndo C, Kengne P, Boussès P, Etoa FX, Awono Ambene P, Fontenille D, Antonio Nkondjio C, Besansky NJ. 2012. Anthropogenic Habitat Disturbance and Ecological Divergence between Incipient Species of the Malaria Mosquito Anopheles gambiae. PLOS ONE 7, 39-453.

Kbibch A, Elkharim K, Elkhokh K, Chentoufi M, Belghyti D. 2009. Etude de l’impact des eaux usées de la ville de Souk el Arbaa sur la prolifération des moustiques (Culex pipiens). Science Lib 4,120603.

Kindt R, Van Damme P, Simons AJ. 2006. Tree diversity in western Kenya: using profiles to characterise richness and evenness, Biodiversity and Conservation.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10531-005-0772-x.

Letouzey R. 1985. Notice de la carte phytogéographique du Cameroun au 1:50000. Herbier National Cameroun/Institut de la Carte Internationale de la végétation, Toulouse, France.

Lounibos LP, Suárez S, Menéndez Z, Nishimura N, Escher RL, O’Connell SM, Rey JJ. 2002. Does temperature affect the outcome of larval competition between Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus? Journal of Vectors Ecology  27, 86–95.

Manga L, Bouchite B, Toto JC, Froment A.

  1. La faune anophélienne et la transmission du paludisme dans une zone de transition forêt/savane

au centre du Cameroun. Bulletin de la Société de   Pathologie Exotique 90,128-130.

Maire A, Aubin A. 1976. Inventaire et classification écologiques des biotopes à larves de moustiques (Culicides) de la région de Radisson (territoire de la Baie de James, Québec). Canadian Journal of Zoology 54, 1979-1991.

MARA. 1999. Vers un Atlas du Risque de la Malaria en Afrique, Premier rapport technique de la collaboration, Durban.

Mbida Mbida A, Etang J, Akono Ntonga P, Eboumbou Moukoko C, Awono-Ambene P, Tagne D, Talipouo A, Ekoko W, Binyang J, Tchoffo Fobasso R, Lehman G, Mimpfoundi R. 2016a.  Nouvel aperçu sur l’écologie larvaire d’Anopheles coluzzii Coetzee et Wilkerson, 2013 dans l’estuaire du Wouri, Littoral-Cameroun. Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique,

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13149-016-0519-9.

Mbida Mbida A, Etang J, Akono Ntonga P, Talipouo A, Awono-Ambene P, Oke-Agbo F, Eboumbou C, Akogbéto M, Osse R, Lehman G, Ekoko W, Binyang J, Tagne D, Tchoffo R, Mimpfoundi R. 2016b. Preliminary investigation on aggressive culicidae fauna and malaria transmission in two wetlands of the Wouri river estuary, Littoral-Cameroon, Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 4,105-110.

Minsanté. 2011. Plan Stratégique National de lutte contre le Paludisme 2011-2015. 82 p.

Nchoutpouen E. 2003. Répartition et biologie d’Aedes albopictus et d’Aedes aegypti, vecteurs potentiels de la dengue et de la fièvre jaune au Cameroun. Mémoire de D.E.A, Faculté des Sciences, Université de Yaoundé I, Cameroun, 66 p.

OMS (Organisation mondiale de la santé).

  1. Rapport sur le paludisme dans le monde. 142p.

http://www.who.int/malaria/publications/world_malaria

Pavoine S. 2005. Méthodes statistiques pour la mesure de la biodiversité, Thèse de doctorat, Université de Lyon 1, 300p.

Rageau J, Adam JP. 1952. Culicinae du Cameroun. Ann. Parasitol. Hum. Comp.  27, 610-35.

Schäfer M. 2004. Mosquitoes as a part of Wetland Biodiversity. Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis 63, 91-554.

Service MW. 1993. Mosquito ecology: Field sampling methods. Springer Netherlands, second edition.

Slotman MA, Reimer LJ, Thiemann T, Dolo G, Fondjo E, Lanzaro GC. 2006. Reduced recombination rate and genetic differentiation between the M and S forms of Anopheles gambiae s.s. Genetics 174, 2081-93.

Suchel JB. 1987. Les climats du Cameroun. Thèse de Doctorat d’Etat, Université de Bordeaux III. 1186 p.

Tothmeresz B. 1995. Comparison of different methods for diversity ordering. Journal of Vegetation Science 6, 283-290. [en ligne].

Weatherbase. 2012. Historical Weather for Douala, Cameroon

WMO. 2012.  World Weather Information Service- Douala [en ligne].

Wondji C, Simard F, Petrarca V, Etang J, Santolamazza F, Della Torré A, Fontenille D. 2005. Species and populations of the Anopheles gambiae complex in Cameroon with special emphasis on chromosomal and molecular forms of Anopheles gambiae S.S. Journal of Medical Entomology 42, 998-1005.

Abdou Talipouo, Patrick Ntonga Akono, Darus Tagne, Arthur Mbida Mbida, Josiane Etang, Roméo Tchoffo Fobasso, Wolfgang Ekoko, Jerome Binyang, Alain Dongmo.
Comparative study of Culicidae biodiversity of Manoka island and Youpwe mainland area, Littoral, Cameroon.
Int. J. Biosci. 10(4), 9-18, April 2017
http://www.innspub.net/ijb/comparative-study-culicidae-biodiversity-manoka-island-youpwe-mainland-area-littoral-cameroon/
Copyright © 2017
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update