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Chemical composition and antimicrobial activities of the essential oil from leaves of Solenostemma argel

By: O. Chouitah, B. Meddah, A. Aoues, P. Sonnet

Key Words: Solenostemma argel, Leaves, Essential oil, GC/SM, antimicrobial activity

Int. J. Biosci. 9(6), 360-365, December 2016.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/9.6.360-365

Abstract

This study describes the chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oil of the fruit ofSolenostemma argel growing in Ain fares Mascara region. This plant is very used in Algeria and widely used by local people for its medicinal properties. We proposed to determine the physicochemical, organoleptic and chemical identification of these components. The chemical composition of the essential oil from Solenostemma argel L. leaves was analyzed by GC/GC-MS and resulted in the identification of 29 compounds. Other parameters such as refractive index, optical rotation; density, polar metric deviation; freezing point and Solubility in ethanol are also measured .100% of the total peak areas were identified. The main constituents of the essential oil were the hydrocarbon and oxygen compounds are: Thujone 43, 73%. trans-Sabinene hydrate 10.47% Eugenol 8.41%, 1.8-cineole 7.90% Limonene4.16-% à-PINENE, (-)-3,57%. The antimicrobial effect of Solenostemma argel essential oil “in vitro” condition was determined using the agar diffusion method and it was found that it was active which may find its application in future research for the food and pharmaceutical industry.

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