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Assessment of blood pressure in the population with impaired glucose tolerance in Bangladesh

By: Md. Monwarul Haque, M. Shahjahan, Md. Shahidul Haque, Md. Maniruzzaman, Khadiza Khanam, Nurul Absar

Key Words: Impaired glucose tolerance, Modified diet, Physical exercise, Blood pressure regulation.

Int. J. Biosci. 9(1), 106-116, July 2016.



The regulation of blood pressure in population with IGT is a substantial issue although not characterized well. Therefore, the purpose of the present study is to clarify the role of dietary modification and physical exercise in subjects with impaired glucose tolerance on the regulation of cardiovascular homeostasis. Thirty three newly detected otherwise healthy subjects aged 35-63 years, were randomly selected to participate in a 12 weeks diet and exercise program and blood pressure was monitored and recorded from each participants. Mean systolic B.P (mm Hg) was recorded 118.83 ± 3.3 at base line with a range of 85-160 mm Hg. At the end of 12 weeks, systolic B.P. 117.36 ± 2.84 was demonstrated by the total group. Diastolic B.P was reduced significantly from 84.23 ± 2.33 at base line to 80.4 ± 2.07 mm Hg at follow-up. For men, both systolic and diastolic B.P were 116.87  4.78 and 84.06  3.71 at base line while 114.68  2.9 and 82.62  2.35 were recorded for follow-up respectively. For women, systolic and diastolic B.P were 121.07  4.6 and 84.42  2.79 at baseline and 120.42  5.11 and 77.85  3.5 at follow up respectively. In 35-40, 41-50 and 51-63 years group, the systolic pressures were recorded; similarly, the diastolic pressures for the respective groups were also monitored at baseline and follow-up. In different BMI groups, 118.5  6.14 vs. 114.5  3.76 (BMI 20-25) and 119.0  4.0 vs. 118.8  3.85 (BMI >25) systolic pressures were observed while 85.5  4.91 vs. 81.0  3.4 (BMI 20-25) and 83.6  2.58 vs. 80.1  2.66 (BMI >25) diastolic pressures for baseline and follow-up populations were demonstrated respectively. Although a significant role on lowering of diastolic pressure for individuals including women and middle aged people was noted however other groups were remained to be unchanged. The results would give a new insight on the characterization of IGT and the programme may play the critical role in this respect.


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