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Urban and peri-urban agriculture in Cameroon: Status and perspectives for development

By: Kenfack Essougong Urcil Papito

Key Words: Sustainability, Urban planning, Food security, Livelihoods, Environment, Cameroon

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 11(3), 116-127, September 2017.

Certification: ijaar 2017 0039 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Like elsewhere in the world, Cameroon is experiencing rapid and unplanned urbanisation. Simultaneously, there is a growing number of urban and peri-urban farmers. This paper analyses the status of urban and peri-urban agriculture (UPA) in Cameroon. We found that UPA is widely practised by urban dwellers of all social category and provides multiple benefits ranging from employment creation, revenues, food security and environmental services. However, due to an improper planning, its non-official recognition, insufficient access to productive resources especially land and water; in some cases, UPA can negatively impact human health and environment because of an uncontrolled intensification of production systems and the questionable quality of the food supplied by urban farmers. Therefore, to build sustainable urban production systems, we recommend an official recognition of UPA, its inclusion in urban master plans; the demarcation and development of agricultural zones in cities, the design and implementation of programmes and projects to support urban farmers; intensive farmers capacity building and the promotion of urban waste valorisation through composting. Furthermore, more empirical researches are needed to provide up to date quantifiable information on UPA contribution to urban livelihoods, food security and environmental protection, and the types of relationships existing among the various stakeholders involved in UPA.

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Urban and peri-urban agriculture in Cameroon: Status and perspectives for development

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Kenfack Essougong Urcil Papito.
Urban and peri-urban agriculture in Cameroon: Status and perspectives for development.
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 11(3), 116-127, September 2017.
http://www.innspub.net/ijaar/urban-peri-urban-agriculture-cameroon-status-perspectives-development/
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