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Occurrence of Babesia spp in bovine breeding in Poro area (Côte d’Ivoire)

By: Nawolo Yéo, Yahaya Karamoko, Zahouli Faustin Zouh BI, Seïdinan Ibrahima Traoré

Key Words: Babesia, Prevalence, Bovine, Poro area, Côte d'Ivoire

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 10(3), 18-25, March 2017.

Abstract

Babesia spp is an emergent pathogenic which constitute a major constraint in bovine breedings in Côte d’Ivoire. Little information on Babesia exists in Poro area. A study was carried out on 120 bovine blood samples, with an aim to evaluate Babesia prevalence. Microscopic technique was used to determine prevalence of Babesia (19.17%). Hematocrit values varied from 20 ± 0.00% to 41.44 ± 7.47%. Babesia was observed in male calves (27.27%), female calves (12%), heifer (25%) and cows (24.49%). Bovines from department of Korhogo were the most infected (30%). The prevalences were 26.67%; 16.67% and 3.33% respectively for departments of Sinematiali, Dikodougou and M’Bengue. Two Babesia species: which are Babesia bovis and Babesia bigemina were met. Babesia bovis was the most encountered on bovines of Sinematiali and Korhogo departments (13.33 %), while, Babesia bigemina was the most present on ones of Sinematiali department (26.67%). In addition, mixed infections were observed in bovines breeding of Sinematiali and Korhogo (6.67%). These results suggest that, measures should be taken against Babesia infections, must be reinforced to improve the productivity of the bovines in Poro area of Côte d’Ivoire.

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Occurrence of Babesia spp in bovine breeding in Poro area (Côte d’Ivoire)

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Nawolo Yéo, Yahaya Karamoko, Zahouli Faustin Zouh BI, Seïdinan Ibrahima Traoré.
Occurrence of Babesia spp in bovine breeding in Poro area (Côte d’Ivoire).
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 10(3), 18-25, March 2017.
http://www.innspub.net/ijaar/occurrence-babesia-spp-bovine-breeding-poro-area-cote-divoire/
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