International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Nutritional value of shea caterpillar (Cirina butyspermii Vuillet) sold at the market of Korhogo (Côte d’Ivoire)

By: Michel Laurince Yapo, Miriam Félicité Amara, Yalamoussa Tuo

Key Words: Cirina butyrospermii, Nutritional value, Korhogo.

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 10(5), 35-44, May 2017.

Certificate
Cover

Abstract

Cirina butirospermii caterpillar is much appreciated by the population of Korhogo. But this population is unaware of its nutritional value. Thus, a study was carried out in order to know the nutritional characteristics of this caterpillar. Analyzes were carried out using appropriate methods. So, the moisture and ash levels were determined using the AOAC method. Calcium was assayed using the colorimetric method of Gindler and King using blue of thymol. Sodium and potassium were determined by the flame photometry using Pinta technique. Total sugars were extracted according to Martinez et al. (2000) and assayed according to Dubois et al. (1956) using phenol and concentrated sulfuric acid. The crude proteins were assayed according to BIPEA (1976) using Kjeldhal. The energy value corresponding to the available energy is calculated using the specific coefficients of Atwater and Benedict (1902) for proteins, lipids and carbohydrates. Cirina butyrospermii flour included 55.41% of crude protein, 28.71% of fat and 4.89% of ash. Ash contained minerals such as calcium, sodium, potassium, iron, magnesium and zinc. The moisture content is 7.02%. Total sugar content of this flour was 3.07%. There were 17 amino acids, of which, lysine, glutamic acid, glycine, aspartic acid, valine and arginine were predominant. Fatty acid profile was also determined. Stearic acid (39.53%) and linolenic acid (23.89%) were the most abundant fatty acids. All these properties show that the caterpillar Cirina butyrospermii is a food of great nutritional value. These properties also make it possible to predict its use in the food and pharmaceutical fields.

| Views 41 |

Nutritional value of shea caterpillar (Cirina butyspermii Vuillet) sold at the market of Korhogo (Côte d’Ivoire)

Agbidye FO, Ofuya TI, Akindele SO. 2009. Marketing and nutritional qualities of some edibles insects in Benue state, Nigeria, 4p.

Akinnawo O, Ketiku AO. 2000. “Chemical composition and fatty acid profile of edible larva of cirina forda (westwood),” African Journal Biomedical Research 3, 93-96.

Akpossan AR, Digbeu DY, Konan kH, Kouadio NEJP, Dabonné S, Dué AE, Kouamé PL. 2014. Nutritional characteristics of the caterpillars (Imbrasia oyemensis) from Côte d’Ivoire, International Journal of Recent Biotechnology 2 (3), 1-5.

Amon AR, Due A, Kouadio JP, Kouamé LP. 2009. Valeur nutritionnelle et caractérisation physicochimique de la matière grasse de la chenille Imbrasia oyemensis séchée et vendue au marché Gouro d’Adjamé (Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire), Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences 3(3), 243 – 250.

Anonymous. 2004. La chenille ou l’agrobusiness, nation et nutrition, du 8/01/2004 au 03/02/2004 opinion n°330, Burkina Faso, 16p.

Anvo MPM, Toguyéni A, Otchoumou KA, Kaboré- Zoungrana YC, Kouamelan E P. 2016. Nutritional qualities of edible caterpillars Cirina butyrospermiin southwestern of Burkina Faso, International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies 18(2), 639-645.

AOAC. 1995. Official methods of Analysis of AOAC International, 16th ed. AOAC International Arlington, VA, 250 p.

Atwater WO, Benedict FG. 1902. Experiments on the metabolism of matter and energy in the human body, 1898–1900. United States. Office of experiment stations. Bulletin No. 109. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 147p.

Badanaro F, Amevoin K, Lamboni C, Amouzou K. 2014. Edible Cirina forda (Westwood, 1849) (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) caterpillar among Moba people of the Savannah Region in North Togo: from collector to consumer, Asian Journal of Applied Science and Engineering 3, 13-24.

Banjo DA, Lawal AO, Songonuga AE. 2006. The nutritional value of fourteen species of edible insects in southwestern Nigeria, African Journal of Biotechnology 5, 298-301.

BIPEA. 1976. Recueil des méthodes d’analyse des communautés européennes. Bureau Interprofessionnel d’Études Analytiques, Gennevilliers, France, 140 p.

Bodenheimer. 1951. Insect as human food. W. Junk, La Hague, 352 p.

Chen X, Feng Y. 2002. Review on nutritive value of edible insects. Chinese Science and Technology 12, 54-59.

Dama L, Dufour P. 1987. Insects as food: A case study From the Northwest Amazon, American Antropologist 89(2), 383-397.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/aa.1987.89.2.02a00070.

Desjardin-Requir D. 1989. L’alimentation en Afrique, manger ce qu’on peut produire, L’exemple de la consommation alimentaire en Côte d’Ivoire, Edition Kartala, Paris, 100p.

Dubois M, Gilles KA, Hamilton JK, Rebers PA, Smith F. 1956. Colorimetric method for determination of sugar and related substances. Analytical Chemistry 28, 350-356.

EFSA. 2015a. Valeurs nutritionnelles de référence pour le magnésium et le phosphore. Consulté le 22 Février 2017.

www.efsa.europa.eu/fr/press/news/150728

EFSA. 2015b. Valeurs nutritionnelles de référence pour le calcium et le fer. Consulté le 22 Février 2017.

www.efsa.europa.eu/fr/press/news/150527a

FAO. 1975.  Fishery Industries Division, The production of fish meal and oil, FAO FAO Fisheries Technical Paper (142) Rev 1, 63p.

FAO. 2004. Les insectes comestibles, important source de protéines en Afrique central. 8 Novembre Rome (Italie), 45p.

FAO. 2008. Edible insects, important source of protein in Africa, 45p.

FAO/OMS. 1993. Les graisses et huiles dans la nutrition humaine, Rapport d’une commission mixte d’experts, Rome, Italie, 26p.

Foua Bi FG, Meite A, Dally T, Ouattara H, Kouame KG, Kati-Coulibaly S. 2015. Étude de la

qualité biochimique et nutritionnelle de la poudre séchée d’Embrasai oyemensis, chenilles consommées au Centre-Ouest de la Côte d’Ivoire. Journal of Applied Biosciences 96, 9039 – 9048.

Gbogouri GA, Beugre GAM, Brou K, Atchibri OA, Linder M. 2013. Rhynchophorus palmarum l. Larva, an edible insect in côted’ivoire: nutritional value and characterization of the lipid fraction. International Journal of Chemical Sciences 11 (4), 1692-1704.

Gindler EM, King JD. 1972. Rapid colorimetric determination of calcium in biological fluids with methylthymol blue. American Journal of Clinical Pathology 58, 376-82.

Hoare AL. 2007. The use of non-timber Forest products in the Congo basin: constraints and opportunities, Report to the Rain forest fondation, London, UK, 56p.

INS. 2008. Enquête sur la malnutrition en Côte d’Ivoire, 10p.

Latham MC. 2001. La nutrition dans les pays en développement. Cornell Université Ithaca, New-York. Consulté le 03/12/2012.

Legrand P, Beauchamp E, Catheline D, Pedrono F, Rioux, V. 2010. “Short chain saturated fatty acids decrease circulating cholesterol and increase tissue PUFA content in the rat,” Lipids 45, 975-986.

Li SL, Li L, Ren YJ, Cui X. 1995. Analysis of the volatile oil of Formica sanguine Latr. and Polyrhachis vicina Roger. Chisnese Medical Stuff 18, 32-33.

Mabossy-Mobouna G, Kinkela T, Lenga A, Malaisse F. 2013. Imbrasia truncate Aurivillius (Saturniidae): Importance en Afrique centrale, commercialisation et valorisation à Brazzaville, Geo-Eco-Trop 37(2), 313-330.

Malaisse F. 1997. Se nourrir en forêt claire africaine. Approche écologique et nutritionnelle. Les Presses agronomiques de Gembloux. Centre technique de coopération agricole et rurale, Wageningen, Gembloux, 78 p.

Malaisse F. 2003. Human consumption of Lepidoptera, Termites, Orthoptera and Ants in Africa. In M. Paoletti, A. Collavo (Eds.) Minilivestock Environment, education, research and economics, 245 p.

Malaisse F, Lognay G, Motte-Florae E, Jacqueline MCT. 2003. Les chenilles comestibles de l’Afrique tropicale : Thomas (Eds). Les insectes dans la tradition orale. Paris : Peeters-selaf. Ethnosciences 5, 295p.

Martinez HJ, Robledo NQ, Mora RE, Davila GO. 2001. Alkaloid composition of Lupinus campestris from Mexico. Journal of Food Biochemistry 25, 117-125.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.17454514.2001.tb00728.x

Muvundja FAU, Mande P, Alunga LG, Balagizi KI, Isumbisho MP. 2012. Valorisation de la chenille comestible Bunaeopsis aurantiaca dans la gestion communautaire des forêts du Sud-Kivu (République Démocratique du Congo), 8-10p.

N’Gasse G. 2003. Contribution des chenilles/larves comestibles a la réduction de l’insécurité alimentaire en république centrafricaine. Produits forestiers non ligneux, document de travail N°1. Programme des produits non ligneux de la FAO, 51-65.

Niaba KPV, Gbogouri GA, Grodji A, Beugre A, Dago G. 2011. Potentialités alimentaires et nutritionnelles de Macrotermes subhyalinus ailé en Côte d’Ivoire, Journal of Applied Biosciences 40, 2706-2714.

NTema KP. 2000. Produits forestiers alimentaires

fertilisation, transformation, conservation et demande de marché In: programme de ressources génétiques forestière en Afrique du Sud du Sahara. Compte rendu de la première réunion du réseau ; 11-13 décembre 2000, CNSF Ouagadougou, BF, 196-205 P.

Ogunleye FR, Omotoso TO. 2005. Edible orthopteran and lepidopteran as protein substitutes in the feeding of experimental albinos rats, African journal of Applied Zoology and Environmental 7, 48-51.

OMS. 1985.  Besoin énergétique et besoin en protéines, Rapports d’une consultation conjointe d’expert Fao/OMS/ UNU, Série de rapports technique Genève (Suisse), 724p.

Osasona O, Olaofe O. 2010. Nutritional and functional properties of Cirina forda larva from Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria, Afrique, Journal of Food Science 4(12), 775-777.

Ouédraogo M. 1993. Quelque observation sur Cirina butyrospermii VUILLET (lépidoptère, attracidae) défoliateur du karité (Butyrospernum paradoxum Gaertn. F) au Burkina Faso. Thèse de doctorat de troisième cycle en biologie animale. Université Nationale de Côte d’Ivoire, 123p.

Paiko BY, Jacob OJ, Salihu OS, Dauda NEB, Suleiman TAM, Akanya OH. 2014. Fatty acid and amino acid profile of emperor moth caterpillar (Cirina forda) in Paikoro Local Government Area of Niger State, Nigeria, American Journal of Biochemistry 4(2), 29-34.

https://doi:10.5923/j.ajb.20140402.03.

Pinta M. 1954. Photométrie de flamme. Chimie analytique 5 : 126-130.

Ramos-Elorduy J. 1998. The gourmet guide to edible insects, Part Street Press (Rochester, Vermont). Creepy crawly cuisine, 150p.

Riziki WJ. 2011. Evaluation de la valeur nutritive de Lamprichthys tanganicanus et de Limnothris samiodon, deux poissons introduits au lac Kivu, par l’analyse immédiate, Mémoire inédit, Département de Chimie-Physique, ISP/Bukavu, Bukavu, 37 p.

Ruddle K. 1973. The human use of insects: Examples from the Yupka. Biotropica 5, 94-101.

Schapira G. 1981. Eléments de Biochimie clinique et physiologie éds, Flammarion Médecine Sciences 20. Rue Vaugirard, 75006 Paris, 285 p.

Sizer F, Whitney E. 2000. Nutrition concept and controversies (Eight Ed.) Wadsworth, a Division of Thomson Learning Inc., USA.

Xiaoming Ch F, Ying Z, Hong Ch, Zhiyong. 2010. Review of the nutritive value of ed : Insects, In: Forest as food : humans bite back, Proceedings of a workshop on Asia-Pacific resources and their potential for development, 19-21 February 2010, Chiang Mai, Thailand, p. 34-40.

Michel Laurince Yapo, Miriam Félicité Amara, Yalamoussa Tuo.
Nutritional value of shea caterpillar (Cirina butyspermii Vuillet) sold at the market of Korhogo (Côte d’Ivoire).
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 10(5), 35-44, May 2017.
http://www.innspub.net/ijaar/nutritional-value-shea-caterpillar-cirina-butyspermii-vuillet-sold-market-korhogo-cote-divoire/
Copyright © 2017
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update